Epileptic seizure is one of the manifestations of severe mental illness, epilepsy. A seizure is a sudden loss of consciousness, accompanied first by tonic and then clonic convulsions with a sharp turn of the head to the side and discharge of foamy liquid from the mouth.
Seizure time from 1 to 3 minutes. If the attack is delayed, urgent hospitalization is needed in the intensive care unit due to the threat of development of epileptic status - a series of epileptic seizures that go to each other, which are dangerous for stopping breathing and stopping the heart activity. In the first day after the attack the patient may feel bad.
Symptoms of an epileptic fit.
- Sudden loss of consciousness and respiratory arrest.
- Vein swelling around the neck.
- No response of pupils to light.
- Pale, and then cyanosis of the face.
- Foamy discharge from the mouth.
- Perhaps a few minutes before the seizure, the patient becomes restless, feeling his approach( epileptic aura).
- As a rule, during an attack, involuntary urination and defecation occur.
- After the attack, the patient does not remember anything and falls asleep.
- The patient does not control himself, therefore can get injured during the fall.
First aid for epileptic seizures.
Protect the patient from possible injuries that may occur during fall and during convulsive twitching of the body, to ensure his safety.
Calm the people around.
Place something soft under the patient's head( jacket, cap) to avoid injury to the head during convulsive movements.
Unbutton clothing that may obstruct breathing.
Between the teeth of the lower and upper jaw, you can put a handkerchief twisted into a knot in the event that the attack is just beginning. This is necessary to prevent biting of the tongue and damage to the teeth.
Turn the patient's head to the side so that the saliva can freely flow to the floor.
After cessation of seizures, if the seizure happened on the street, arrange for transportation of the patient home or to the hospital.
Contact the relatives of the patient to report the incident. As a rule, relatives know what to do.
If the patient does not report that he suffers from epilepsy, it is better to call an ambulance, as the convulsive syndrome may be a sign of a significant amount of even more serious pathology( cerebral edema, intoxication, etc.).
That it is impossible to do or make at an epileptic attack.
- Leaving the patient alone during an attack.
- Attempt to hold the patient( by the hands, shoulders or head) or transfer to another, even more convenient for him, place during a convulsive fit.
- Trying to unclasp the patient's jaws and insert any objects between them to avoid fracture of the lower jaw and trauma to the teeth.