What is gastritis with high acidity?
Gastritis - inflammation of the gastric mucosa, which is based on a violation of gastric secretion. Gastritis with high acidity( hyperacid) is accompanied by an increased function of gastric secretion.
What is the cause of gastritis with high acidity?
Gastritis with high acidity develops for various reasons:
External: overeating, eating rough, hot, spicy, food, alcohol, etc.; tobacco smoking;long-term use of certain medicines;occupational hazards.
Internal: endocrine system diseases;metabolic disorders, genetics;chronic infections;diseases in which tissues of organs are not sufficiently supplied with oxygen.
Gastritis with increased acidity is more common in young people.
What are the varieties of gastritis with high acidity?
Separation due to occurrence is decisive in the choice of the treatment regimen:
Gastritis with high acidity type "A"( base gastritis) develops due to the genes formed antibodies to the cells of the gastric mucosa.
Gastritis with high acidity type "B"( antral gastritis): caused by infection of the gastric mucosa ─ bacteria Helicobacter pylori.
Gastritis with high acidity of type "C": chemical factor ─ defeat of the gastric mucosa as a result of exposure to chemicals, alcohol, long-term use of certain medicines.
Gastritis with high acidity, developed as a result of reflux ─ casting the contents of the duodenum( bile acids) damaging the mucous membrane.
How is gastritis with acidity manifested?
Pain usually occurs during an exacerbation period. The pain is moderate, sometimes manifested only as pressure, a feeling of heaviness in the epigastric region, often occurs after eating.
Less commonly there is called a hungry( "late") pain, which is more intense. When the bowel function is broken, the pain becomes extensive, spreading to the entire abdomen. Constipation often occurs.
Dyspepsia: heartburn, belching with air, sour, nausea, an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth. Sometimes heartburn is a leading symptom of gastritis.
When throwing the contents of the stomach into the esophagus except for heartburn, there is eructation, sometimes - vomiting.
There is a change in mood, irritability, sleep disorders, fatigue.
Gastritis with high acidity is characterized by alternation of exacerbations and remissions, but without pronounced seasonality. At an early stage of gastritis with high acidity, symptoms are hardly noticeable.
How is gastritis diagnosed with hyperacidity?
After violations in the diet with "palpation"( palpation), tenderness is observed in the epigastric region( above the navel), and on the right, in the hypochondrium.
General and biochemical blood test( a number of digestive enzymes), as well as antibodies to Helicobacter pylori.
When probing, the secretory function of the stomach is examined, and the pH of the gastric juice is measured. Gastroduodenoscopy is important for conducting a differentiation diagnosis between gastritis and peptic ulcer. Fibrogastroduodeposcopy helps to detect edema of the mucous membrane, stomach. Biopsy - the features of changes in tissues and the degree of their damage, the absence of the presence of Helicobacter pylori..
How to treat gastritis with high acidity?
Reduces the acidity of preparations: algal, phosphalogel;ranitidine, famotidine;platyphylline, atropine;gastrin, pyrene, gastropin;omeprazole, rabeprazole.
Covering agents are prescribed to protect the gastric mucosa: smecta, decoction of flax seeds, white clay.
Enzyme preparations are prescribed for the normalization of the digestive function: pancreatin, festal, digestal, mezim-forte, panzinorm.
Gastritis with high acidity, caused by Helicobacter pylori, involves the taking of proton pump inhibitors, antibacterial therapy. Appointed omeprazole, esomeprazole, pyloride, clarithromycin, tindazole, amoxicillin.
For analgesia, electrophoresis with novocaine is used.
Phytotherapy and physiotherapy are used in the complex treatment of gastritis with high acidity. During the period of remission, sanatorium treatment and adequate nutrition are recommended.
Dietotherapy: fractional meals( 5-6 times a day) exclude hot meals. With gastritis with increased secretion, foods that irritate the gastric mucosa are excluded: marinades, spicy salty seasonings, smoked dishes, table 1 according to Pevzner.
Than gastritis with acidity
is dangerous. The development of peptic ulcer of stomach and duodenum.