Mountain tourism: rules for preparing for a hike
Mountain tourism does not require special qualification and expensive mountaineering equipment. Nevertheless, the heights, which have to be conquered by mountain tourism, require a high level of physical fitness and seriousness in preparation for the hike.
Mountain tourism: what is it?
All mountains can be conventionally divided into low( 500-1000 m), medium-high( 1000-2500 m) and high( more than 2500 m) altitudes. At the same time mountain tourism begins with an ascent to the mountains with a height of 3 thousand. M and above. Therefore, within the limits of Ukraine mountain tourism is impossible.
The Crimean mountains and the Carpathians "do not hold out" to the heights, where ordinary pedestrian routes turn into mountain tourism( the height of Hoverla is 2600 m, Roman-Kosh, the highest point of Crimea is 1545 m).Nevertheless, before mastering the routes of mountain tourism that lie in the highlands, all participants in the hike must have a soli
Mountain tourism: the health requirements of the participants of the
campaign In mountain tourism, it will be necessary to stay in extreme conditions for a long time( in the USSR, areas with a height of more than 3,000 meters above sea level, along which the routes of mountain tourism pass, The extreme North).
First of all, when going through the mountain route you will have to face hypoxia( the heights of mountain tourism do not presume the use of oxygen equipment, nevertheless, an unprepared person at a three-kilometer height may develop shortness of breath even with minimal load), large daily temperature changes, dry air, Increased level of solar radiation.
Therefore, preparing to do mountain tourism, you need to make sure that none of the participants in the campaign has medical contra-indications for mountain tourism. These are:
- heart and vascular disease;
- all acute infectious diseases with a recovery period of more than a week;
- chronic hepatitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis in the phase of remission;
- nephritis, nephrosis, pyelitis, cystitis;
- endocrinological diseases;
- chronic diseases of the nasopharynx, adnexal nasal cavity, etc.;
The list of contraindications is large enough, and the decision on the state of health in which you can engage in mountain tourism can only be taken by a sports doctor. He will be able to professionally evaluate the physical form of the participants in the campaign.
Clothing and equipment for mountaineering
Good health and excellent physical fitness is a 50% success rate for mountain tourism. The remaining 50% is suitable clothing and necessary equipment. From this, comfort and well-being depend directly on mountain tourism.
It should be noted that clothes and shoes for mountain tourism should be purchased not in the market, but in specialized tourist shops, as the conditions of the mountains make higher demands on the strength of clothing.
- windproof clothing;
- a rain cap or waterproof jacket with a hood;
- special mountain boots,( for training trips in the Crimea or the Carpathians in summer, suitable special sneakers fixing the ankle joint);
- removable or so-called bivouac footwear, which you will wear in the camp in the parking lot;
- backpack volume from 60L and above;
- sleeping bag for an average temperature of +5 ° C;
- travel mat ─ karemat;
- water jar;
- head light.
As for special mining equipment, be prepared for the fact that mountaineering will require a minimum set of simple climbing equipment: trekking sticks, ropes for strapping and insurance, carbines, ice axes.
Possible injuries in mountain tourism
The most common injuries in mountain tourism are associated with damage to ligaments, joints, bones.
For their prevention, you must first of all know the technique of moving along slopes and descents of varying degrees of steepness and complexity - you can get acquainted with its basics on the lectures at the tourist club before the passage of mountain tourism routes.
- on the steep grassy slope is easiest to climb zigzag, looping from side to side. Descent from such a slope is straight. The leg should be put on the whole foot;
- when climbing a scree slope step smoothly, evenly, do not make big steps.
- On the slopes - they slip under the action of their own weight;
- on a stony slope pass from one stable stone to another.
Special attention should be paid to the footwear: it must clearly fix the ankle joint, have a relief sole providing good adhesion to the surface.
Nevertheless, when practicing mountain tourism, you should be prepared for possible injuries. Therefore, in the hike of mountain tourism, a first aid kit is required - a usual first aid kit for motorists, supplemented by a set of elastic bandages of different widths, is appropriate.