Rafting: everything a beginner needs
Rafting rafting( rafting) is an extreme exciting journey through a stormy river, beckoning with its unpredictability and enthralling the winding canyons towards the elements. To make rafting relatively safe, but no less exciting will help special equipment, equipment and compliance with the rules of white water rafting.
Rafting equipment and equipment:
- Raft is a wide( about 2 m) inflatable multi-seat raft with a raised "nose" and karma. The most popular rafts are designed for 6-8 people. Due to its width, the raft is much more stable than an ordinary inflatable boat and rarely turns over on extreme turns of mountain rivers. In a good raft, there must be an automatic drain for water. Also in the raft, there must be a "carrot" - a life-saving cylindrical float and a rope, for which participants cling to their feet so as not to fall overboard. And of course, no rafting can be done without oars( 1 for each rafting participant +1)
- Rafting protection: the helmet-kettle and wetsuit will protect from hypothermia and soften the blows, and the life jacket will help to stay on the water surface when falling from the raft. Gloves for white water rafting prevent the oars in the hands from slipping and the formation of calluses.
- Rafting shoes: sneakers or shoes with a grooved rubber sole, which prevents slipping.
For 2-3 day rafting you also need a sleeping bag, a waterproof tent, changeable underwear and a stock of provisions.
Each rafting level is chosen by itself!
When choosing a route for an alloy, be guided by the level of complexity of rafting corresponding to your level of preparation.
Levels of rafting complexity are determined by the presence of all kinds of obstacles on the route: rocks, rapids( water level differences) and their height, reverse currents( "barrels"), which often occur in places of waterfalls and in front of stones, etc.
There are 6 levels of rafting complexity:
- The first level of complexity of rafting is the simplest - it is "calm water" without obstacles, with a slow current and small waves. Participation in the first level rafting requires elementary skills in raft management.
- On the rafting routes of the second level of complexity there are low wide thresholds.
In rafting, 1-2 levels of difficulty can even be attended by children( from 12 years old), accompanied by adults.
- Rafting route of the third level of complexity will meet you with unexpected waves, often sweeping the raft from side to side. To participate in rafting of the third level of complexity, it is important to be able to maneuver between the waves.
According to experts, the third level of complexity for the participation of newcomers is limiting.
- On the fourth-level rafting it is necessary to overcome an intense powerful, but quite predictable flow. Participation in rafting of the fourth level of complexity requires manoeuvrable management of the raft, which only an experienced rafter can.
- On the fifth level of the complexity of rafting the swift current carries the raft then onto the stones, then tightens into the "barrels" of the reverse current and the funnel. Participation in rafting of the fifth level of complexity requires not only thorough physical preparation, mastery in boat management, but also special technical training of the raft.
- Rafting of the sixth level of complexity is the most extreme. A stormy river carries a raft, dropping into waterfalls like a sliver. Every second desperate rafters lie in wait for the deadly danger of the seething element. The most popular river in Ukraine for rafting: the Southern Bug, Ros, Prut, Cheremosh.
First alloy only with an instructor!
Of course, "obstacles exist in order to overcome them"!But if you are not a great rafting master, go down the river not only in full ammunition, but also accompanied by an instructor. He will promptly tell you what to do in an emergency situation and, if necessary, will provide first aid.
Fix your feet in the raft!
Fixing your feet in the raft with special fasteners, "loops", you will not drop out of the raft, even on a sharp turn. Row faster if you see stones and "funnels" on your path. The faster you row, the less likely that the raft will carry back the current, and it will turn over.
Listen to the leader!
Rafting is a team sportive activity in which each participant performs his function and the whole team listens to a leader, an experienced rafting expert or a qualified instructor. During an extreme trip along a turbulent river, only joint efforts and well-coordinated work of all rafting participants will ensure the movement of the raft in the right direction.
Failure to follow the rules of rafting can lead to problems such as hypothermia, craniocerebral trauma, fractures, dislocations, sprain, drowning.
Contraindications to participation in rafting:
- movement coordination disorder,
- hypertensive disease,
- all diseases in acute stage.