Pulse rates for children and adults

The pulse( heart rate) is unstable. It depends on many factors, such as age, health status, body fitness, ambient temperature and many others. Thus, the heart helps the body to adapt to various conditions of the external and internal environment.

Age-related changes in heart rate are especially noticeable in children. In newborn babies, the heart beats 2 times more often than in adults. As you grow older, the formation of adaptive mechanisms in the body, the heart rate decreases and by 12-16 years it becomes like in adults. After 50 years, especially in untrained people leading a sedentary lifestyle, the heart gradually grows old and the pulse becomes more frequent.

Table 1. Pulse rates for children and adults

Age

Average heart rate
( bpm)

Pulse rate limits
( bpm)

up to 1 month

140

110-170

1-12 months

132

102-162

1-2 years

1-2 years

124

94-154

2-4 years

115

90-140

4-6 years

106

86-126

6-8 years

98

78-118

8-10 years

88

68-108

10-12Years

80

60-100

12-15 years

75

55-95

15-50 years

70

60-80

50-60

74

64-84

60-80

79

69-89

Why is the pulse accelerated?

During physical exertion or a surge of emotions, the heart rate can normally increase by 3-3.5 times.
Rapid pulse at rest( tachycardia) can occur with fatigue and various diseases.

Why is the pulse slow?

Heart rate at rest less than 60 / min( bradycardia) with normal health indicates good fitness of the body. In highly skilled athletes engaged in swimming, rowing and other sports that require endurance, the normal heart rate may not exceed 40un / min.

If the pulse is slow and dizzy, fast fatigue, changes blood pressure ─ should consult a doctor.

How to measure the pulse?

Lightly press the pulsating artery( temporal, radial, dorsal artery of the foot, etc.) with the index and middle fingers, count the number of strokes in 15 seconds and multiply the number by 4.

In small children, the heart rate can be measured by placing a palm to the baby's chest.

The heart sensitively reacts to any changes( including the position of the body): lying down the heart rate slower, sitting and standing - faster. Therefore, each time, measure the pulse in the same position.

When measuring the pulse, pay attention not only to the frequency, but also to the rhythmicity of the strokes, the filling of the vessels. Normally, the pulse should be well probed, be rhythmic, and its speed should correspond to the age norm.