All milk teeth are cut in children up to 2.5-3 years of age, after which for some time dental questions, as a rule, do not bother neither children nor parents. However, the child gradually grows up and the time comes for new teeth - permanent. So that they cut through, first drop dairy. It is important for parents to know when and how this happens, in order to orient themselves in time with possible problems.
When the shift begins: the key signs of
The beginning of the change of teeth is individual for each child, but in most children this process is activated at 5-6 years of age. While the roots of the incisors begin to resolve, the children have "sixes" growing - teeth that are cut right after the second molars. These are the first permanent teeth that appear even before the moment when the first milk tooth falls out. They are called the first molars, while the molar molars are replaced after the fall by the teeth, which are called "premolars".
The signs that a baby will soon have toothache and begin to be cut permanent are:
- The appearance of gaps, as the child's jaw grows and the distance between the molars, canines and incisors widens.
- Wobbling due to resorption of their roots.
- The beginning of eruption of permanent teeth. Sometimes they appear when the milk teeth are not yet unsteady, being located side by side.
When do they start falling out?
The process of precipitation begins with the resorption of their roots. It is quite long - the roots of the incisors dissolve within two years, and the roots of molars and canines can resolve for three years and longer. As soon as the root dissolves, the tooth will fall out and allow a permanent tooth to be cut.
In most babies, the first tooth that has fallen out is found at the age of 6-7 years.
How much and when do they drop out?
The pattern of baby tooth loss is as follows:
- The central incisors on the lower jaw are the first in most children.
- After them comes the turn of the top pair of central incisors.
- The lateral incisors on the upper jaw are often the next.
- Next comes the time of falling of the lower lateral incisors.
- After them, the first molars begin to fall out - first the upper pair, and then the pair on the lower jaw.
- When the molars fall out, it's the fangs' turn. First, the upper pair( "eye" teeth) falls out, and then the fangs on the lower jaw.
- The second molars are below.
- After them the process of deposition is completed by the upper second molars.
Approximate period of resorption of roots and loss of milk teeth is shown in the table:
When the roots dissolve
When the teeth fall out
From the age of 5
At the age of 6-8
With 5-6 years
At about 7-8 years
With 6-7 years of age
At the age of 8 to 11 years
With 7-8 years
The 9-12 age
from 7-8 years in age
From 10 to 13 years
Do all baby teeth fall out?
All of them must fall out. There are twenty of them, among which there are 8 incisors, 4 canines and 8 molars. Some moms think that chewing teeth( molars) do not fall out in babies, but it's not. All of them drop out from the age of 6, because permanent places will grow in their place.
How many times do they fall out?
In most cases, the teeth that erupt in the child in the first two years of life fall out only once. All of them are replaced by permanent ones, but because of the expansion of the jaw between the canines and molars, two more teeth( premolar) appear. By the age of 17, most children have 28 permanent teeth, and the remaining 4 "wisdom teeth" erupt later( sometimes after 25-30 years).
Permanent teeth should not normally fall out, but there are cases when children have a few cuts and teeth.
What factors influence the deposition process?
If the timing of the fallout is not immediately panic, because this process depends on many factors. Doctors consider the deviation from average terms for 1-2 years acceptable. The loss of milk teeth and eruption of permanent affects:
- Genetic predisposition.
- The sex of the child. It is noted that the boys' teeth fall out later.
- Pregnancy problems.
- Duration of breastfeeding.
- Baby food.
- Chronic diseases in crumbs.
- Quality of drinking water used by a child.
- The climate in which the baby lives.
- The child has problems with the endocrine system.
- Infected in childhood infections.
What if the tooth fell out?
When a child reports a tooth that has fallen out, the parents should:
- In case of bleeding from the hole, apply a clean gauze to the wound and press for several minutes with other teeth. It is not possible to treat the wound with antiseptic means.
- Do not give the baby food for two hours, and then do not feed the crumb for a while with very hot, salty or spicy food. Also, do not give the baby solid foods, for example, crackers or nuts. The best dishes in this case will be soups and cereals, and after eating the mouth should be rinsed with clean water.
- To warn the child that the formed fossa should not be touched with hands or tongue, so that the infection does not get into it.
- The tooth itself can be given to a mouse, put under a pillow for a fairy, exchanged for a gift or something else. The main thing is that the child is not frightened and does not experience negative emotions.
Why do not fall out at the right time?
Too early loss is called when it drops out or is removed by a dentist before the age of 5. To lose a milk tooth ahead of time is possible due to:
- Injuries due to impact or fall.
- Tumor process in the mouth.
- Caries started when the tooth has to be removed.
- Disturbances of occlusion. Incorrectly grown teeth can press on one of them and provoke an earlier fallout.
- Intentional loosening by his child.
The main problem of too early tooth loss is the displacement of the dentition, because of which the permanent teeth can be crooked. The child will have to adjust their position in the future.
later than normal
delay loss of deciduous teeth can be due to:
- poor diet, nutritional deficiencies due to which there is a child.
- Frequent stress.
- Chronic infections, for example, tonsillitis.
- Effects of the hereditary factor.
When to see a doctor?
The child should be examined by a dentist if:
- Blood drains from the wound after a long time.
- When the tooth has fallen out, the child has a fever, and the condition of the baby has worsened.
- The child was 6 years old, and the intervals between the milk teeth did not increase.
- All baby teeth do not fall out at the age of 16-17 years.
- Dairy or permanent teeth are affected by tooth decay.
- The root tooth was cut near the milk, and the milk tooth does not stagger or stagger, but did not fall within three months after the appearance of the root.
After watching the next video, you can learn more useful information about how and at what age your baby teeth change.
Even more, you will find out by watching the transfer of Dr. Komarovsky.