Although there are children, the eruption of primary teeth which is painless, most babies, this process causes discomfort worsens mood interferes with sleep and eat. To help babies developed special medicines, presented in the form of a gel. To select the appropriate drug, parents should find out what are gels cutting teeth, how they affect the body crumbs and how to use them.
symptoms of teething
teeth Although teeth are cut in different children in different ways, distinguish the most characteristic features of their appearance that there are many kids:
- Increased yield and saliva.
- Redness of the gums and swelling in the place where a new tooth is expected.
- Deterioration of sleep and appetite, irritable mood and whims.
- The desire to shove in the mouth and gnaw various objects to soothe the itching in the gums.
It is also possible a short-term rise in temperature, the appearance of a wet cough, a slight cold or thinning of the stool.
About the symptoms of teething in infants you can find out more by watching the next video.
How to help the baby?
to child easier endured the appearance of milk teeth, parents should:
- Pay more attention to the baby, often take him in her arms, a lot of walking, and continue breastfeeding( breastfeeding).
- Offer special toys, inside which water or gel. They are called teethers, and before you give a crunch to a crumb, such toys need to cool for a while in the refrigerator.
- Massage the itching gums with a fingertip, or put on a finger with a moistened gauze pad.
Find out how else you can help your child cope with the discomfort, you can watch the following vedeofragment.
How do gels work?
Any gel recommended for eruption of milk teeth has a temporary local effect.
Depending on the effect on the child's body, gels with eruption are:
- Painkillers. The main component of such drugs is an anesthetic, which is often represented by lidocaine. These gels have a marked cooling local effect, and the effect is observed quite quickly. In addition to lidocaine or other anesthetic, other components that help to relieve inflammation or have an antiseptic effect are added to the cooling gels. These gels include Kamistad, Dentinoks, Kalgel and Dentol-baby.
- Anti-inflammatory. Such gels eliminate local inflammation and reduce swelling of the tissues, resulting in soreness decreases. The representative of the gel during eruption with this action is Holisal.
- Homeopathic. Such gels include plant components with anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. These include the drugs Baby Doctor and Pansoral.
review of the best gels
Most often for children with cutting teeth use:
- Calgel. This combination product, which contains lidocaine hydrochloride, facilitates eruption, quickly reduces soreness of the gums and helps to eliminate inflammation. The drug is allowed to use from the age of 5 months, but has a fairly large list of contraindications and a high risk of allergy to its components.
- Kamistad. This is a gel in which lidocaine in a concentration of 2% is supplemented with a plant component represented by a camomile tincture. It provides anesthetic, wound healing, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects. Because of such effects, this gel is often used by adults, for example, when the teeth of wisdom are cut. Due to the high content of lidocaine, it is not recommended for infants and often causes allergies. Also, it should not be used in situations where the gum is damaged or inflamed.
- Холисал. This is a drug that reduces the local inflammatory process and eliminates the swelling of the gums. High content of anise in its composition can cause increased salivation, so the drug is not recommended for teething in babies. It is only allowed for use in children older than a year. In addition, this gel is more expensive than other drugs used for teething.
- Dentinox. This is a combined agent, the main active ingredients of which are lidocaine and polidocanol. Such anesthetics are supplemented with a tincture of chamomile, so the use of such a drug quickly eliminates pain and reduces inflammation. Gel is indicated for teething in children older than 4 months, and is also often used in adults. In this case, the drug often causes allergies, it is forbidden for people who are sensitive to fructose, and also should not be used in case of damage to the gums.
- Baby doctor. This is a gel containing natural ingredients that have the properties to reduce inflammation and soothe the mucous. The medicine includes extracting such plants as chamomile, althea root, calendula, plantain and echinacea. In addition, it does not contain alcohol. The drug is approved for use in infants over 3 months of age and the number of applications to the gums is not limited, but there is a risk of developing allergies to its components.
- Dentol-baby. The anesthetic effect of this gel ensures the presence of benzocaine in its composition. The drug is low in toxicity, no irritant effect on mucous membranes, and low cost. In this case, such a gel is contraindicated in inflammation or damage to the gums and is capable of provoking an allergy.
- Pansoral. Thanks to the content of plant extracts from althea, chamomile and saffron in this gel, the drug soothes mucous and softens it. The drug can be applied to the gums of children older than 4 months, but the analgesic effect of this gel is relatively small.
Advice for choosing
When choosing a gel that will help a baby with painfully cutting teeth, it is definitely worth consulting with a pediatrician. Since most gels recommended for babies with teething teeth include plant components, they can provoke allergies. That is why when choosing a particular gel, one should take into account the child's tendency to allergic reactions and the presence of contraindications.
It should be noted that each gel has its age limits, which must be taken into account when buying a medicine.
Instructions for use
It is important to not forget about the nuances of using gels as well:
- The drug is used for severe discomfort in the baby from cutting teeth, often before going to bed or before eating.
- The frequency of application is every 3-4 hours, but most drugs should not be applied to the baby's gums more than 3-5 times.
- The amount of gel applied to the baby's gums should be small.
- For application use a carefully washed finger or cotton swab.
- Apply the gel with massage circular motions without pressure on the baby's gum.
How to avoid problems?
If you take a disregard for the information in the instructions for the gel and advice on its use, you may experience complications such as allergy and inflammation of the gums, up to suppuration. In this case, allergic reactions can cause and gels with anesthetics, and preparations from plant material. To exclude their appearance:
- Choose the right medicine with a doctor who watches your child from birth.
- Use gels only in situations where other ways to soothe a baby with cutting teeth do not help.
- Strictly observe the recommended frequency of use.
- If any side effect occurs, discontinue use immediately.
Look at the transfer of Dr. Komarovsky, whose theme is "The First Teeth."