Having seen the word "gluten" on the baby food package, many parents ask themselves "what is this substance?" And "is it harmful for the baby?"Let's understand.
What is it and why is it harmful?
Gluten refers to proteins that are contained in cereals. The second name for these proteins is "gluten."The main source of gluten are wheat, barley and rye. Slightly less gluten is found in oats and corn.
Since cases of intolerance to this compound are not uncommon, its content is controlled and on the packaging of products in which gluten may be found, the responsible manufacturers write about this fact.
Gluten is a high molecular weight complex protein by its s
How it works on the body
Healthy children and adults gluten does not cause any harm, but in children younger than a year, these proteins may have an allergic reaction, so the introduction of the diet of cereals that are the source of gluten is recommended no earlier than 6-8 months and with great caution.
If there is intolerance to this protein( it occurs in 0.3-1% of people), then intestinal damage occurs. Due to the development of enteropathy, absorption of nutrients from the intestine is impaired, which causes development and growth retardation.
And is there any benefit?
The use of gluten is the content of amino acids important for life in this compound. For example, lysine in its composition is responsible for the growth of tissues and their regeneration. This amino acid is important for the immune system.
Gluten-containing threonine supports the digestive system and body growth. Due to the amino acid methionine, hemoglobin is synthesized. In addition, gluten contains phosphorus, calcium and vitamins( groups B, A and E).
The disease, which is based on gluten intolerance and, accordingly, the products in which it is contained, is called "celiac disease".The main reason for the appearance of such a disease is a genetic predisposition.
The disease affects the intestines and can develop in both children and adults. With this pathology, a strict diet is indicated, which provides for the complete exclusion of wheat, rye and barley from the diet. Such a diet is called gluten-free.
Symptoms of allergy
An allergic reaction to gluten may appear:
- A plentiful and frequent stool that has a sharp odor. Cal in this case will be frothy, and its shade is light or grayish.
- Decreased appetite.
- Pale skin.
- Weight loss or stop in weight gain.
- Nervousness, impaired sleep, increased excitability or apathy.
To detect such an allergy, you need to conduct studies of feces, blood composition and others. To eliminate such manifestations, it is prescribed to completely eliminate gluten from the diet. Also appoint enzyme preparations, vitamins, probiotics, massage, gymnastics.
Opinion by E. Komarovsky
A well-known doctor specifies that the mention of the content of gluten on boxes and baby food banks is important primarily for mothers of children, who need to completely eliminate this substance from the diet. If the crumb does not suffer from celiac disease, the presence of gluten in the product should not bother the parents.
What foods have gluten?
Gluten is found in all products, components of which are wheat and other cereals containing this substance. First of all, these are porridges of wheat, rye and barley - semolina, wheat, barley, pearl barley.
Gluten is also found in children's mixtures, canned foods, ketchup, semi-finished products, bakery products, dairy products, sausages, ice cream and many other products.
This substance is added in order to reduce the cost of production of such categories of products. In a small amount, gluten can occur in the shells for medicines.
Children with intolerance to such protein have to strictly control the diet and monitor the composition of the products used, avoiding gluten in any form.
Mixtures not containing gluten are recommended for all children under 6 months of age. The absence of gluten in such a diet can be judged by the presence on the package of the badge in the form of a crossed spikelet.
Feeding children with gluten intolerance includes cereals made from corn, buckwheat, and rice. Also, such grains as millet, kinoa, amaranth, sorghum will not cause harm. Such children are allowed dishes of potatoes and sweet potatoes, legumes, meat, eggs, dairy products, vegetable oils, fruits, fish, butter, vegetables.