Some children have teeth that are cut with great discomfort for the baby, while others "peck" painlessly and almost unnoticeably for the parents. Thus in all children the main signs of occurrence of a new tooth are the raised allocation of a saliva and local changes in an oral cavity. Let us dwell on the changes in the gums that occur with normal teething, as well as on possible problems with the gums during the growth of the teeth.
How does the tooth erupt?
The baby's gums begin to change long before the appearance of the tooth. Their tissues become more friable and change color. The gingiva in the place where the tooth will soon appear, swells and slightly increase
When the incision tooth comes close to the gum surface, the parents see a white dot. It is a denticle radiating through a thinning gum. Next is the final stage of eruption, during which the crown of the tooth passes through the gum and the tooth is released from its tissues. This is helped by enzymes that are present in the baby's saliva, which literally "melt" the gum and allow the tooth to appear on its surface.
When there are gum changes with the eruption
The very process of dentition through the gum takes one to three days, however moderate swelling of the gums and increased salivation can be observed 2-4 weeks before the moment, When the denticle cuts through the surface of the gums. The toddler feels the itching and to ease it, starts to pull different objects into the mouth. During this period, the risk of injury and infection of the gums increases.
Why can the gum be blue?
The acquisition of a gum at the site of the eruption of a new blue tooth is called by the cyanoticity of .Its appearance is associated with the transmission or rupture of small blood vessels when the tooth moves to the surface of the gum. If the area of blueing is small, usually such interventions do not require any intervention.
If a large area of the blue gum is present, the child should be shown to the dentist, as this may be a sign of hematoma formation. With the baby, you should go to the clinic for the doctor to make a small incision and release the blood gathered under the gum surface.
Why can the gum turn black?
Acquisition of the gum through which the tooth is cut, a dark color that is blue, violet, purple or even black, is associated with with the formation in its tissues of a hematoma or eruption cyst. These manifestations look quite frightening, but often do not give the child a special discomfort and do not require medical intervention.
The appearance of a cyst or hematoma is most often observed when chewing teeth are erupted, and a little less often when the canines or incisors are cut. In the oral cavity of the baby, parents notice a bulky formation in the form of a dark ball on the gum. It appears when the tooth moves up through the gum and injures its tissues with rupture of blood vessels.
The best way out after detecting such changes will be a visit with the child to the dentist. Independently to try to break through a gum or something to cut it categorically it is forbidden.
. Depending on the results of the examination, the doctor may recommend giving the baby gnawing hard objects that can accelerate the mucosal breakout and get rid of the hematoma, for example, toy-teethers, carrots or crackers. During mastication and physical impact on the gum, the mucosa breaks faster and the tooth goes to its surface.
In some cases, for example, if the hematoma is very large, the child has severe pain, infection or bleeding has appeared, resort to surgical intervention. A child after local anesthesia with a special tool dissect the gum. This facilitates the appearance of the tooth and eliminates the accumulation of blood.
A cognitive video on how to help your baby in a difficult period of teething, see here:
What to do with gum disease?
To alleviate the condition of the baby, it is recommended:
- Local anesthesia with the help of specially designed preparations in the form of gels. They relieve the inflammatory process and have an anesthetic effect.
- Use of teethers. Thanks to the ability to gnaw such toys, filled with water or gel, the child soothes the itching in the gums, and a decrease in soreness and swelling is achieved by cooling the teethers in the refrigerator. Relieves pain and itching in the gums and neat massage, held by the mother with clean fingers, on which a sterile bandage is wound.
- Receiving antipyretics. Such medications, often presented by ibuprofen or paracetamol, relieve pain, reduce soreness of the gums and lower body temperature if it rises when the tooth is erupted.
- Use of traditional medicine. Children with cutting teeth are advised to clean the gums with decoctions with anti-inflammatory action. For their preparation, often used chamomile, but can also be added mint, lavender, sage, lemon balm. Another popular way in the nation to help a child with teething is the treatment of gums with a solution of soda. In a glass of boiled, unheated water, pour a teaspoon of soda and stir. Next, you need to wet the gauze wrapped in a finger, then rub the gums.
When to call a doctor
Parents should constantly inspect the oral cavity of the young child during the eruption of denticles and observe the general condition of the crumbs. Indications for seeking medical attention are:
- The appearance of a hematoma on the gum.
- Temperature rise above + 38 ° С.
- The appearance of severe diarrhea or repeated vomiting.
- Education on the mucosa of the mouth of sores.
- Appearance on the mucosa of white spots or curdled white coating.
- The appearance in the baby's mouth of a bubble rash.
- Appearance of severe cough.
- Constant crying of the child.
- Appearance of a common cold with yellow or green discharge.
. For the first teeth look in the transfer of Dr. Komarovsky.