What can and can not be eaten by a nursing mother: a list and table of products for breastfeeding a newborn

Contents of

  • 1. Food Selection Rules for
    • 1.1. Vegetable products
    • 1.2. Meat products
    • 1.3. Fish
    • 1.4. Groats
    • 1.5. Milk and sour-milk products
  • 2. Foods that are forbidden to drink
  • 3. Summary table of useful and harmful products
  • 4. Drinking mode

In order to feed the child long and correctly, you need to follow the feeding regimen. It is equally important to stimulate lactation and maintain it as long as possible. The possibility of full-fledged breastfeeding is provided both by the choice of foods that will be consumed by the mother, and the frequency of meals, as well as the drinking regime. Let's talk about what is possible and what can not be included in their nutrition to the nursing mother.

Feeding mother feeding The diet and diet of the mother are extremely important for the health of her baby, since all this affects the quality of milk. Alcohol, chemicals and medications can also enter the breast milk and affect the baby, so thei
r use should be avoided.

Food Selection Rules

The main criteria that the newborn's mother should be guided from the moment of its birth to the age of one month:

  • quality;
  • authenticity;
  • freshness;
  • seasonality;
  • variety.
Vegetables and fruits are desirable to choose those that grow in their native region. Include in food stands the products of vegetable origin, which is the time to bear fruit.

If possible, it is better to eat vegetables grown in your own garden or on the plots of farmers who do not use fertilizers. Then you can eat almost any fruit or vegetables - they will not cause allergies in the child.

Vegetable products

Vegetables and fruits are certainly necessary for the mother's body - they are sources of nutrients, they also contribute to the normal functioning of the intestines, have a positive effect on the state of the immune system, some improve the quality of milk and enhance its production. However, to enrich them with the mother's table, which nourishes the baby, is carefully, eliminating those that can cause potential harm to the health of the newborn.

In the first months after childbirth, most of the vegetative gifts of nature should be used after heat treatment( steaming, cooking, baking).

Lactating mother prepares food During the formation of GV, vegetables and fruits in the diet of the mother should be pre-treated with a thermal method.

When choosing products for their table, nursing mother( especially in the first month after birth), it is worth paying attention to the color of the products. Pigmented red fruits and vegetables are more likely to cause allergies than their green counterparts. This applies to apples, pears, apricots, raspberries, cherries, cranberries, etc.

Whatever vegetable or fruit the mother has not introduced into her menu, you need to monitor its effect on the baby's condition and digestion. In the first month after birth, boiled potatoes, zucchini, cauliflower and broccoli can be included in the food. From the second to the third month - carrots, beets, pumpkin. Baked apples( green) and raw bananas in small quantities are also allowed from birth crumbs.

Bright fruits Strongly pigmented fruits and vegetables most often cause allergies, even if their ecological purity is beyond doubt. It is advisable to choose not imported analogs, but the gifts of the local nature.

Meat products

Official medicine believes that the nutrition of a woman feeding a baby is unthinkable without animal proteins. This question is controversial, but those who are accustomed to eating meat, refuse it during the lactation period is senseless, and even harmful. It is believed that for the baby a suitable protein will be one that is extracted from poultry( preferably a turkey, since the chicken can cause allergies), a rabbit or a calf.

As many manufacturers use antibiotics in feeds to rid livestock and poultry of infectious diseases, as well as hormones for accelerating the growth of livestock, it is better( if possible) to use poultry grown at home or small farms that do not abuse pharmacological drugs.

In any case, meat is used boiled or stewed. Why can not fried with breastfeeding? Proteins and vitamins with this form of cooking are very quickly destroyed, but carcinogens in fried foods are more than enough - they are harmful not only for the baby, but for the mother. From cooking on the basis of meat broth feeding mum is also better to give up to 3-4 months.

Fish

Breastfeeding mothers can recommend low-fat fish types - pollock, pike-perch, hake or flounder. It is believed that they can slightly affect the taste of milk, especially with flounder or mackerel. However, there is no confirmed data. A well-known consultant on HB, Natalia Razakhatskaya, claims that there is no direct connection between consumed food and breast milk, because it is not formed from food, but from the components of blood and lymph.

Seafood and caviar can cause the strongest allergy, in this sense the squid is considered the safest, but it is recommended to introduce it into the diet only closer to the half-year. In addition, seafood is easily poisoned - the fish, if eaten, should be freshest. Cooking it, like meat products, you can by cooking and quenching.

Fish broth is also better not to cook for the same reasons as meat. Fisheries use all the same antibiotics and hormones.

Breast rejection Fish and seafood should be consumed with caution, as they can greatly alter the taste of milk, cause allergy and rejection of the breast.

Groats

Cereals, especially during the first month, form the basis of the ration of the nursing woman. The most useful for mothers and their babies during breastfeeding are buckwheat and oatmeal. Corn is considered permissible( inhibits rotting processes in the intestine) and wheat. But the rice cucumber loved by many people displays useful microelements and is not recommended for constipation. One of the significant advantages of these groats is their low allergenicity and high safety.

You should not eat porridge with gluten in the composition( semolina, barley, barley, rye) - they are potential allergens.

Milk and sour-milk products

Milk and sour-milk products are a storehouse of easily digestible protein, promote lactation and normalization of digestion. As for the use of milk in the first month after birth, the opinions of specialists differ. Some categorically do not recommend whole cow milk, others offer it all the same to drink, adding to a weak tea to increase lactation, but limit the amount to 200 ml per day.

Curd, like all sour-milk products, should be fresh, it can be consumed no more than 150 grams per day. Liquid sour milk can drink no more than 800 ml per day( kefir, fermented bovine, bifilin, yogurt, acidolact, etc.).Fat content of such products should not exceed 2.5%.

Tea with milk It is believed that tea with the addition of milk improves HS.Since this fact has not been scientifically proven, it is still not worthwhile to focus on the use of dairy products for nursing mothers in the first month.

Foods that are forbidden to drink

The products with the following effects are not recommended for mother feeding her baby:

  • allergenic;
  • is toxic;
  • exciting;
  • gas-forming.

The list of these products is quite large, especially in the first month after childbirth. So, potential allergens can be:

  • tropical fruits and citrus fruits;
  • red fruits and vegetables;
  • caviar, seafood and oily red fish;
  • eggs of chicken;
  • cocoa beans and coffee;
  • whole cow's milk;
  • peanut nuts;
  • honey;
  • crabs and crabs.

What products are not strongly recommended for breastfeeding mothers? Of course those that can cause maximum damage to the baby's health, due to its toxic properties of alcohol, vinegar, all kinds of fast foods, foods with dyes and preservatives, smoked, spicy, salty, fatty and fried foods and spices. These "little joys" from their table to a nursing woman are better excluded for the entire period of breastfeeding, they will affect both the newborn baby and the baby 4-6 months of age.

Watermelon, despite its ability to stimulate the production of milk, it is better not to eat. First, this berry is able to act as an allergen, and secondly, it accumulates nitrates and urea, which watermelons are fed by unscrupulous farmers.

When feeding a baby, it is not recommended to eat confectionery pastries and sweets, any products containing cocoa beans and coffee because of their stimulating effect. For the same reason, do not use strong teas( black and green).

Chocolate Despite the famous female love for sweets, it is better to postpone the products from cocoa beans for several months. Cocoa is a strong stimulant of the nervous system, so it can adversely affect the lactation and health of the baby. Replace the sweet table with a small amount of cottage cheese with fruit

Summary table of useful and harmful products

Dr. Komarovsky notes that the nutrition of a pregnant and lactating woman does not differ significantly. Therefore, the main principle of introducing products into the diet is a sequence - i.e. Try a new product 1 time in 3 days.

We have prepared a table for correct nutrition for moms, it can be taken as a basis for the daily menu:

Month Can not be With caution Can
In the first month
  • seafood, red fish, caviar
  • sausage and sausages
  • potentially allergenic fruits and berries( red applesGrapes, kiwi, pineapple, strawberry)
  • gassing vegetables( cabbage, celery)
  • mushrooms
  • pates
  • soft cheese
  • citrus fruits
  • coffee and cocoa
  • cream cakes, nuts
  • whole milk
  • eggs chicken
  • pasta
  • cookies
  • fermented milk products( fermented milk, yogurt, kefir, yogurt)
  • curd and cheese
  • cooked / stewed / baked vegetables( potatoes, cauliflower, zucchini)
  • boiled / baked turkey, rabbit
  • lean fish( cod, hake, Pike perch, carp)
  • cereals( buckwheat, oatmeal)
  • fruit( green apple, pear, banana)
  • dried fruits( dried apricots, prunes)
  • wholemeal bread, crackers, biscuits
  • vegetable broths
1 to 3 months Add:
  • meat broths
  • bright vegetables fresh and boiled( beets, carrots, eggplant, tomato, cucumber, radish)
  • fruits( apricots, peaches, plums, cherries), melon and watermelon
  • homemade jam
can add:
  • beef lean chicken
  • corn, Millet, rice porridge
From 3 months to half a year You can add:
  • boiled beets, carrots, pumpkin
  • tomatoes and cucumbers from a garden bed
  • nuts( except pistachios, peanuts)
From 6 months You can add:
  • lean pork( carbon)
  • beans
  • red fish in the brothdimensional form

Table - the ration of the nursing mother

Another useful table - balanced diet of lactating mothers:

Proteins Fats Carbohydrates Vitamins and trace elements Drinks
sour milk( no additives) - 500 ml butter - 50 g bread and baking - 200 g vegetables( zucchini, potatoes, pumpkin, cauliflower, eggplant)- up to 800 g tea green - up to 500 ml
milk( in the absence of allergy) - 200 ml sour cream - 75 g cereals - 200 g fruits and berries( not brightly colored - red, orange) - up to 500 g compoteFrom dried fruit - up to 500 ml
curd fat-free - 150 g vegetable oil20 g juice from green apples and pears - up to 200 ml
cheese - 40 g still water
lean meat( beef, rabbit, turkey) - 150-200 g
fish( pike perch, cod, hake) - 150 gr

Drinking mode

Immediately after childbirth and when breastfeeding is established, the body of a woman loses a large amount of fluid. This loss must always be filled. Modern pediatrics recommends instead of the prescribed 1-1.5 liters to drink the volume of fluid, based on its own weight - 40-45 ml. For 1 kg. Before feeding, for half an hour, you can drink 1 glass of warm water to stimulate lactation.

Water for the duration of breastfeeding should become the main liquid for drinking. You can use filtered or buy bottled water( mineral, but without gas).

What can I drink to a nursing mother in a place of water? Suitable compotes based on dried fruits( prunes and dried apricots), apples and pears, broth of wild rose, herbal moods or a weak hour with milk. However, the latter is recommended to include in the diet after two months. You can also eat kissels and fruit drinks( but not more than 1 glass a day).

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