What is needed for a newborn: caring for a child from the first days of life after the hospital, how to treat it?

Contents of

  • 1. How does care for the newborn begin?
  • 2. What is required for bathing?
  • 3. Principles of rational breastfeeding
  • 4. Diapers or turtlenecks?
  • 5. How can mother take care of herself after childbirth?

A child, a boy or a girl, is a joy in the home. But the first days following the discharge from the maternity hospital turn for young mothers, if not a nightmare, then in a very difficult period of life, since it is difficult to immediately take on the screaming small lump of life.

Any woman has an instinct and intuition that will help her to cope with herself and get down to business. There are experienced relatives who are ready to help with the boy or the girl. If not, the main points described below will explain what it is necessary to know the mother about the child of the first days of life. You can also watch a video on the most important aspects of caring for the baby.

Newborn in the house The appearance of a newborn in the house is a seriou
s responsibility, most of which falls on a young mother. Her vital and reliable and complete information about the care of the baby

How does care for the newborn begin?

With the hygiene of the baby, his feeding and rest. Hygiene is an important factor ensuring the health of a growing organism, it is especially important in the first days of its life. How correctly to bathe the newborn? At what age is the child allowed to bath procedures?

To begin to bathe the baby tentatively on the 5th day after birth. This is due to the fact that a large number of children by this time mummified and disappears umbilical stump( the remainder of the umbilical cord, clamped with a special clamp-clamp).The stump falls off from 3 to 10 days. Normally, if the umbilical cord is thick and wide, the stump can last up to 2 weeks. What, the child does not bathe all this time? Doctors recommend wet wipes.

When the umbilical remainder separates and until the umbilical wound heals, the baby is recommended to bathe in boiled water. There is another opinion: a number of specialists believe that it is enough to add a slightly concentrated solution of manganese to the tap water and carefully process the umbilical wound after the procedure.

Broths and extracts of herbs before the healing of the umbilical wound are not added. In the future, the baby can be bathed in herbal decoctions by agreement with the pediatrician.

What is required for swimming?

Baby care is a troublesome business, but pleasant. It is better for a child to purchase a personalized special baby bath( we recommend reading: which baby bath is better?).This is more hygienic, and there is no risk of frightening the baby by immersion in a large bath.

Bathing bath If the parents are informed, the bathing of the baby can be a real pleasure for the whole family. The best reservoir will be a special baby bath

What else should I get:

  • thermometer;
  • towel( soft);
  • manganese;
  • cotton wool;
  • hydrogen peroxide;
  • solution of brilliant green( green).

The water temperature should be in the range of 36.6-37 C. For its determination, a thermometer serves. If, for some reason, mom did not have time to buy a thermometer, the temperature of the water can be determined by pouring a thin stream on the back of the forearm closer to the elbow fold. The temperature of the water should be close to body temperature.

When you are a baby, follow it closely. Thermoregulation of a newborn is not as perfect as in an adult. Therefore, it can easily overcool or overheat. If the baby's skin is pale and the nasolabial triangle is slightly blue - the crumb is cold, if his skin becomes reddish, he overheats. In this case, you need to change the temperature of the water in the desired direction. How to bathe the baby correctly, you can look at the video.

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Principles of rational breastfeeding

  • correctly give a nipple to a child;
  • follow the rule - one feeding one breast( if the milk production is in sufficient quantity);
  • do not decant or do it as necessary( in case of lactostasis - stagnation of "distant" milk, which the child of the first days of life is not yet able to suck, or a prolonged absence of the mother);
  • is the right way to take care of your breasts.

Not every child can take a breast correctly after birth, and not every mother can correctly suggest it. Because of this, there may be both feeding problems and maternal nipple injuries to the newborn's gums.

When the child opens his mouth wide, you need to feed the nipple so that it captures not only him but also the adjacent tissues( the colored area around the nipple, called the alveolus).Alveolus almost completely should be in the mouth of the child and only slightly look out from above. It's better to watch the whole process on video.

If milk is sufficient, modern pediatrics recommends feeding the newborn on demand, especially in the first days after childbirth. Thus, the crumb not only eats, but also communicates with the mother, as well as stimulates the production of milk by the mammary glands.

Breast-feeding Feeding a toddler is an art in which there should be complete intuitive understanding with the baby. If something goes wrong, it's better to watch the videos of more experienced moms, where they talk about their secrets

Proper care includes the treatment of the nipple( before and the feeding field you need to wash your chest with clean water), use of the drugs prescribed by the doctor, in case of cracks, and wearing a special bra made from natural materials.

The bra should not be tight, it is good to hold the chest, to have wide straps. It is better to buy a special bra. This will quickly change the tab soaked in milk, treat the breast and feed the newborn.

The correct attitude towards the mammary glands and breast hygiene will allow mummy to preserve its beauty, including the shape, at the end of feeding. See the process of care can also be in the video.

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Diapers or turtlenecks?

The choice of clothes for a child after the hospital is probably one of the most contentious issues. Previously, it was recommended a tight swaddling, for today opinions are divided: a number of experts recommend nevertheless to swaddle the baby, others advise sliders and raspashonki.

If the mother chooses swaddling, then the newborn should not be too tightened into diapers, making the child a "soldier", and too warm to cover it. Infants do not tolerate overheating.

How to swaddle a child, it is worth to look at the video:

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If mummy chooses free clothes for the child, donning must have a pajamas with closed hands or buy crumbs of scratches. This will protect the baby from doing damage to himself. If the baby sleeps very restlessly or wakes up, in this case swaddling can solve the problem.

Should a child wear a bonnet immediately after discharge from the hospital? If there are no drafts in the room where the baby is, there is a temperature regime and the baby is healthy, you do not need to do this. An exception may be the time after washing the crumbs.

Regardless of whether mother prefers swaddling or sliders and turtlenecks, the baby will need diapers. It is better to buy high-quality, "breathing".This reduces the risk of diaper dermatitis. You can use disposable diapers for walks. At home it is better to reusable gauze. This is especially true for boys.

Baby in a diaper The use of diapers is now approved by all doctors, because this is natural progress. However, they should not get carried away too. At home it's better to get by with nappies or reusable diapers

. If the baby turns out to be a boy, the act of urinating in the first days and even weeks of life can be painful for him. Many boys have congenital phimosis( narrowing of the foreskin), the additional effect of a reusable diaper aggravates unpleasant sensations. A tight or full pampers can have a mechanical effect on the penis, thus causing unpleasant sensations.

Any child( both boy and girl) is not able to relax until the end when urinating, which makes the process itself unpleasant, and the pressure of the diaper on the penis worsens the situation.

How can mother take care of herself after childbirth?

It is important that Mom is properly engaged not only in the baby, but also with herself. First of all, it is proper nutrition. Do not use carbonated drinks, legumes and other products that lead to bloating. It is not necessary to eat sweets for many reasons: for example, such food promotes the growth of yeast fungi in the genital tract of the mother. Cooking needs to steaming.

As for the baby, fresh fruits and vegetables can be introduced into the diet as agreed with the pediatrician, and only one product at a time to assess the reaction of the child to it.

Diet after childbirth Proper nutrition of the mother after giving birth is a must, especially if she is breastfeeding. It is worth giving preference to natural products, there is less fatty and fried food

Very important for a woman after discharge from the hospital and leaving her behind the genitals. First, it is advisable to refrain from lifting weights to allow the seams to heal and the uterus to contract normally. If the mother had ruptures during childbirth, and she was stapled, feed the baby in prone position. Sitting is not recommended for 3 weeks after delivery.

Also, for personal hygiene, it is recommended that mothers who have given birth after the maternity bathe in the shower, instead of taking a bath before the vaginal discharge stops. Normally, postpartum discharge can be observed up to 6 weeks. To address to the gynecologist should be in 2 months after sorts for the purpose to pass or take place survey and to be convinced, that process of reduction of a uterus goes normally, and any problems are not present.

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