- 1. Physiological indicators of a four-month-old baby
- 1.1. Deviations of height and weight from
- 2. Regimen for a 4-month-old child: do we need it or not?
- 3. Physiology of the Child and its features
- 4. Mental development of the baby
- 5. PivotTable skills
- 6. Power and its features
In 4 months the child's development to a new level: in the psyche and physiology crumbs comeSerious changes. It is convenient to read on the video with the features of the development of a four-month-old baby or listen to lectures of the pediatrician Komarovsky. He explains in detail what it is worth doing to mom when nursing a baby on this, and which is best avoided.
Physiological indicators of a four-month-old baby
In modern pediatric practice, there are two types of tables and standards - domestic and international. The main parameters on which these standards are based are reduced to measuring several physical indicators:
- of the head circumference;
- chest circumference.
These indicators depend on the height and weight that the baby had at birth. According domestic pediatric school, the threshold levels of these parameters in a 4-month-old baby following:
- weight for boys - 6-7,6 kg 5,7-7,1 kg for girls, the tolerance to 0,7 kg( At the birth of a child not on time);
- height in boys is 58.7-64.5 cm, in girls these figures are 58.5-64 cm;
- head circumference 39-43.5 cm;
- chest circumference 38,6-44,6 cm.
international standards differ from those taken from us. Error by gender are the same, but the parameters of international standards themselves have a deviation in a big way:
- weight - 6,2-7,6 kg
- growth - 57,8-68 cm;
- head circumference - 38.1-44 cm;.
- chest circumference 37,3-45,2 cm
Deviations Rostov-weights from
regulations baby 4 months, gaining weight in direct relation to such factors as:
- during pregnancy;
- physiological development.
This situation is not a reason for panic. More meaningful in this case will be an analysis of the general condition of the crumbs, but if the weights change more or less by 1 kg, you should pay attention to this. Both cases - an occasion to go to a specialist and change the ration of a crumb, since they are fraught with:
- obesity( weight gain);
- rickets and hypoxia( weight reduction).
Mode for a 4-month-old child: do you need or not?
In the fifth month in the life of the child, there must be significant changes. It's time to instill in him the habits of observing the daily routine. By 4 months the kid should clearly to distinguish the day from the night of .At this age your child needs:
- in daily long walks in the open air;
- thorough massage, especially need a massage of the hand and foot( it is better to do the exercises before taking an evening bath);
- everyday bathing( preferably before bed, if the baby responds well to water procedures);
- active developing games in the wake period.
for bathing. In the fifth month of life, babies spend more time on communicating with adults and understanding the world. But do not overdo it. The child should not spend more than 4 hours without sleep, this wakefulness can overload his nervous system, which will lead to sleep disturbance and nervous breakdown.
In four months, parents should give time to the to teach the child to fall asleep and sleep himself, to take care of a quality night sleep. Sleep and food should be carried for different periods of time, do not feed the crumbs in the crib.
The physiology of the child and its features
4-5 months is the time when the child stops wearing scratches, even if at an earlier age it was possible to put them on, so the length of the nails should be monitored. The nails of in children, although soft, but with breakage form sharp surfaces, with which the baby can easily scratch both himself and his mother.
At this stage of life, special attention should be given to the development of the muscular corset of a 4 month old child. Some babies can bring their body to a sitting position. If they just make attempts to sit down, help them and sit them down. Once the muscles and bone system are ready, the crumb will be able to sit on its own. Games for the kid are of great importance, since they help to strengthen the muscles and develop the cognitive sphere.
Mental development of the baby
- active contact with the outside world;
- craving for bright colored objects;
- improvement of the speech device;
- enrichment of the emotional sphere.
These are the main points in the psyche of the baby, which adults should pay attention to. The tendency to speak on topics that are unnecessary for children or in their presence to express negative judgments in a disgruntled tone should be forgotten. This should not be done in an earlier period. But in 4 months to think that the child is small and does not understand words or intonations, it is not necessary.
He perfectly understands the emotional color of the speech , reacts to it emotionally and behaviorally. It can burst into tears. The nervous system of a four-month-old baby is very sensitive, he reacts violently to irritants, both to positive ones( for example, to address him by name), and to negative ones( for example, he draws to the mother of the handle, and she passes by without paying attention to it).
In 4 months old crumbs will really like songs and rhymes, music games that are combined with a massage. When addressing a child by name and with a smile, he happily responds with a smile and a walking ( can try to pronounce individual syllables), i.e. Already clearly recognizes his name. Some babies out of love for pronouncing sounds can overstress and turn pink, this is okay, they just got carried away by the process.
At this age, the attention of children is no longer absorbed entirely by the satisfaction of natural needs( hunger, thirst, need for protection and sleep), they are able to marvel, admire, resent, grieve. They need to be considered as individuals, to develop the emotional component of this person in the proper channel. And yet at this age, basic needs are of great importance.
Summary of Skills and Skills
|Scope of Development||What happens?|
|The motor activity of||"The revitalization complex" arises easily and often: when in contact with the baby, he smiles widely, moves the handles and legs. From the prone position on the abdomen rests on the handles, lifting the upper part of the trunk. Easily rolled over on its side. Can make attempts to crawl on the bed. Well holds the head in a vertical plane, turns it in different directions. With the support under the mouse, it is supported by the feet on a firm surface( the legs are bent in the hip joints).|
|Handle movements||Tactile sensitivity develops: low toys hanging above the crib touch, suffice, pulls in the mouth with both handles. Rattles well retains, shakes them. From 4 months, purposeful actions with objects develop: they learn to move toys, move them, extract sounds.|
|Skills||During breastfeeding, he keeps his mother's breast or bottle. At the sight of the chest reaches out to her, trying to grab.|
|Vision||Understands which image is solid and which is flat. Well watches the toy for 3 minutes. He recognizes himself in the mirror. He recognizes and rejoices in his relations, looks at the strangers calmly and wary.|
|Rumor||With a sinking listening to the voice, sounds, turns the head in their direction. Distinguishes the voice of a loved one from a stranger.|
|Emotions||Laughs in the voice. Starts to respond to tickling. Interested in everything that is happening around. Up to 20 minutes can play with himself, touching and moving toys. Then he demands attention.|
|Speech of the||Gulit, repeating the vowels at the chant. The first syllables appear.|
|Intelligence||Learn to perform targeted actions. Begins to understand the cause-effect relationships: if you press the switch, the light goes out.|
https: //www.youtube.com/ watch? V = enRmIUWAkp4
Power and its features
By this age, you can switch to 5 times a day, , in which case the last feeding will take about 20 hours. In this case, the baby should sleep for about 10 hours in a row, which is why the diet for breastfeeding should be adjusted. However, not all babies in 4 months can withstand a prolonged hunger pause, some children still ask for food - you can try to drink them with children's tea or diluted juice. Perhaps the baby wakes up because she wants to drink, but if that's not enough, of course, starving the baby is not worth it. Gradually, it is still necessary to wean him from breastfeeding at night - for example, after feeding him at the last evening meal.
If the baby is on breastfeeding, the lure can not be introduced. If the crumb is artificial, or the diet is mixed, you need to gradually accustom your child to "adult" food. You can start with vegetable purees. Some babies eat well with spoons from the first samples, some do not perceive such a way of eating. The baby can be given a play with a plastic spoon for children to get used to. This will facilitate its subsequent feeding.
Between feedings( if the baby is healthy and born on time) there should be at least four hours of , a deviation of up to half an hour is permissible, but it is better to avoid it by full feeding at every meal. If the baby lags behind in weight gain, try switching to a 6-time diet.
https: //www.youtube.com/ watch? V = mq39Jz4wSyU