The abdomen is one of the easily vulnerable parts of the human body. Pain sensations in its lower section warn the person about the occurrence of serious diseases. Despite the similar symptoms, the sources of pain in men and women can be diverse. To the question - "why does the abdomen ache?" - one should seek an answer from a specialized medical specialist.
Causes of pain in the lower abdomen on the right and left
Most people who feel pain on the right or left side of the abdomen are limited to taking pain medications, forgetting about its underlying cause. Such carelessness can lead to negative consequences, because, leaking secretly, in the future the disease can acquire a chronic form. In order to understand why the lower abdomen hurts, one must learn to distinguish the symptoms of a particular disease. Pain on the right occurs with the following ailments:
- Appendicitis. A dangerous disease requiring immediate surgical intervention. Appendicitis can cause dull pain of an acute nature,and sensations can begin above or below the focus and eventually move into the zone of the cecum. The causes of this disease can be caused by different sources: harmful organisms, allergens, viruses and others.
- Pancreatitis. Inflammation of the pancreas, accompanied by constant and intense pain from the right or left side of the abdomen, depending on the location of the source of inflammation. Symptoms:
- Shortness of breath.
- Pale complexion.
- Cholecystitis is a process of inflammation of the gallbladder. The disease is mainly of bacterial origin. It differs with aching and non-intensive pain with short attacks, the causes of which can become food errors, aggravating gallbladder spasms( carbonated and alcohol-containing drinks, fried foods, eggs and others).
- Thanks to the diagnosis of doctors, it becomes clear why the abdomen always hurts and there are such diseases as:
- Presence of parasites in the body.
- Hemorrhoids, constipation.
- Infection of the intestine.
- Neurological diseases.
The pain in the lower abdomen on the left can cause problems with the spleen( cysts, abscesses, swelling, enlargement, inversion, congenital malformation).Diseases of this organ often arise due to infections such as mononucleosis or typhoid fever. Diseases associated with the spleen can not be left outright - categorically - it may break, accompanied by severe pain.
Unpleasant sensations in the left lower segment of the abdomen can cause gastritis or ulcer. Disturbances of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract cause aching pain and such symptoms as: burning, nausea, loss of appetite, easy diarrhea. In rare but extremely dangerous cases, the cutting pain in the left side is caused by the defeat of the pancreas, inflammation of the large intestine or bladder. Doctors in such cases assure that it is difficult to get rid of the illness independently and advise to visit the hospital urgently.
One of the sudden manifestations of pain in the lower abdominal region is the infringement of the inguinal hernia. Condition resulting from excessive physical exertion or stress. Primarily throbbing pain sensations are localized in the lower parts, and then spread to the entire abdominal cavity and determine the focus of pain becomes difficult. In the first hours of the appearance of the hernia, the patient's condition deteriorates sharply, a drawing sensation appears in the anus, fluid stools, vomiting, dizziness, characteristic lateral compression, and pain during movement.
Pain sensations in the abdomen in women
Almost every representative of the fair sex during life is tormented by the question - "why often does the abdomen ache?".One of the most common causes of discomfort in women is menstrual pain. However, there are a number of other reasons why ladies turn to specialists in the field of gynecology with painful sensations in the abdominal cavity. Climax is one of the causes of pain - accompanied by fever and chills, heaviness in the chest, headaches, joints, drowsiness, fatigue. Conditionally the causes of pain are divided into two categories: organic and functional.
The first group includes:
- . Violation of the menstrual cycle.
- Pain related to ovulation. Stagnation of menstrual blood.
For organic reasons belong:
- Diseases of the genital area( ovarian cyst, endometriosis, adnexitis).
- Pathology of the urinary system and gallbladder( pyelonephritis, cholecystitis).
- Health status associated with pregnancy.
Embryo fetation in women and girls at any stage after conception is accompanied by painful processes and discomfort. In early pregnancy, the lower abdomen, as a rule, hurts due to changes in the body at the physiological level. The body of the fair sex begins to rebuild - intrauterine tissue softens under the influence of hormones, and the uterus is displaced and stretched.
Later, in the remaining six months, the pulling pains in the lower abdomen during pregnancy and in the middle arise due to the fact that the child becomes larger, begins to "move" the other organs of the abdominal cavity. At this stage, during the gestation, the abdominal muscles are significantly stretched, the intestine is shifted, and it becomes more difficult for them to cope with their direct duties. In this regard, there are pain in the form of tingling left, but doctors say that this process is normal and you should not worry.
Aching pain in the abdomen during pregnancy does not always mean pathology, but if it is frequent, similar to fights, intense - it is urgent to visit a doctor - there is a chance of miscarriage. Unpleasant sensations after childbirth can also occur and last for several days - the muscles are released from gravity, tension, and the pelvic bones return to the ordinary position.
Often the pain in the lower abdomen in the vast majority of women occur during the menstrual cycle. The phenomenon in the medical world is considered quite normal, however, especially severe spasms and long delays can be symptoms of serious disorders, which entails a trip to the gynecologist. If the abdomen is painful with menstruation or the chest hurts, it can be a symptom of a number of negative gynecological diseases such as endometriosis, uterine cancer, fibroids and others.
Before the monthly painful sensations arise due to hormonal changes in blood - a physiological cause, associated with the personal structure of the body of girls. If less than a week before menstruation there are carvings, colic in the lower abdomen - another reason for visiting a doctor - are symptoms of diseases of the reproductive system, ovarian inflammation or hormonal failure that may occur in the premenstrual period. Pain after the menstrual cycle is a prerequisite for such pathologies as vulvitis, adnexitis and endometriosis.
This phenomenon can also be accompanied by unpleasant sensations in the lower abdomen. Many women do not attach importance to mild, short-term pain, but rarely ovulation is exhausting. If you pull the lower abdomen / lower back, doctors advise taking analgesics. The causes of periodic pain in this phenomenon - the maturation of the egg, but excessive discomfort can be a sign of one of the gynecological diseases, inflammation of the reproductive organs, sometimes - cancer.
Pain in the back and lower abdomen with walking or running can occur for various reasons. Pulling and fickle sensations, increasing during movement, are associated with intestinal diseases, exacerbation of appendicitis, gynecological diseases, trauma after sex. Often, such pains occur in pregnant women in the second and third trimesters, when the uterus is actively growing, thereby causing a change in the center of equilibrium. Many representatives of the fair sex in the position are ashamed of this, try to move as before, which causes painful sensations.
Pain in urine in the lower abdomen in women is a symptom of diseases of the genitourinary system. The spectrum of ailments with these symptoms is very wide, which forces women to apply to different doctors: urologist, gynecologist, venereologist. Pain when urinating is associated with diseases that are transmitted sexually( STDs), bladder stones, cystitis, tumors. To delay with a visit to a doctor in such cases is not worth it, as serious complications, including infertility, can develop.
- STDs. Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease transmitted through sexual intercourse, the symptomatology of which includes inflammation of the urethra - purulent urethritis. Typical for him are bloody and purulent discharge, rapid urges, cloudy urine, and in some cases pus is secreted.
- Urolithiasis. The main cause of pain, aggravated by movement, is the formation of stones in the bladder.
- Cystitis. From this disease women suffer more often than men, in view of anatomical features. It arises from inflammation of the mucous membrane of the urethra and a spasm of the bladder.
Diseases causing pain in the abdomen in men
The pains that occur in men in the lower abdomen are often associated with inflammatory ailments, often chronic. Wandering pain from the waist to the groin causes inflammation of the testicles and their appendages. Painful sensations arising in the lower segment of the abdomen can occur with the development of tumors, inflammation of the prostate gland( prostatitis).
Sometimes abdominal pain in men can foretell such diseases as appendicitis, inguinal hernia, prostate adenoma, divertulitis, cystitis, gonorrhea, ureaplasmosis. In such cases, it is necessary to immediately apply for tests and treatment to the appropriate specialists, since the complications of these ailments are of a health-threatening nature and chronic pain.
What to do with acute pain
Sharp, sharp and sudden pain in the lower abdomen is an obvious cause for concern. When it occurs, it is not recommended to take analgesics, because painkillers will complicate the diagnosis and disguise the full picture of the disease. It is recommended taking antispasmodic drugs, but if there is no noticeable improvement after one or two tablets, there is only one correct way out - it is urgent to visit a doctor or call an ambulance.
Video about lower abdominal pain( Elena Malysheva)
Doctors say: "If the heart or bone is a single organ, the stomach is a whole container filled with a mass of different structures and tissues."What should I do if my lower abdomen and lower back ache? How is it necessary to act in case of unpleasant sensations in the abdomen, to which doctor should they be treated in case of acute pain? Only with a visual examination can you understand the causes of the pain. There are many special techniques, broths, folk recipes, but the advice of a professional doctor will help correctly diagnose the ailment.