- 1. Physical skills of toddler
- 2. Neuropsychic indicators and skills of
- 3. What should a child be able to do in 11 months?
- 4. How to reinforce the achievements of the baby?
11-month-old child already knows a lot: some children start walking around this age and do not give their parents a moment of peace, and if they can not walk, they creep energetically. They are all interested, they all want to try, including taste. This is a difficult and enjoyable time: the baby needs constant supervision, but many of the complexities of early infancy have already been resolved, and before the transition age of 3 years still live and live.
The safety issue comes first. Parents should carefully prepare the apartment for the activity of the child: all sharp and cutting objects must be removed into cabinets and locke
Let's talk about the skills of the child, which he should appear in this period. They need to know, so as not to miss violations in the development of the baby, although it must be borne in mind that the time for the appearance of certain skills is approximate. If the baby lags behind for a couple of months, this may be due to his character, and not to mental retardation.
Physical skills of the baby
For 11 months, the baby is gaining weight up to 400 grams and adds 2 cm or slightly less in height. Boys weigh more and on growth they are higher: growth to 74 centimeters, weight to 10-11 kilograms. Girls weigh a kilogram less - about 9 kg, and they have a couple of centimeters less growth. During this period the child already has 6-8 teeth.
Other physical indicators of child development at this time are pretty rough. Depending on the nature and temperament, the baby is able to start walking, can only crawl or simply behave calmly, playing in the arena and not asking for "freedom".Many babies-boys begin to walk after a year - this is quite normal.
There are some basic skills that should be for an eleven-month-old kid:
- Possibility to sit without the support of and sit down without the help of adults. During this period, the child is able to stand on the legs and stands, holding on the bars of the arena or crib.
- He starts to walk , holding on to steady pieces of furniture, the kid also walks well with his mother.
- He coordinates his movements , falls less and crashes into the furniture, but the precautions described above should not be forgotten: in a fit of joy or other feelings your child may unintentionally stand on the legs under the table or fail to turn and bruise his head.
In 11 - 12 months the kid makes discoveries every day, he is curious, seeks everywhere to climb and see everything. Calmer children are comfortable for their parents, but if the child arranges a mess in the apartment, everything takes and tries to touch and taste, everywhere he crawls, does not give his mother a minute to relax, communicates with her, needs attention - everything is fine, he develops accuratelyon schedule.
Neuropsychic indicators and skills
Eleven-month-old kid plays his toys "in an adult" : he cradles his favorite doll, feeds it from a spoon, he collects a pyramid and stacks designs from cubes, with pleasure rolls with a daddy a machine or a ball. He often accompanies his actions with appropriate sounds: rolling a typewriter, saying "bi, bi," or "doo, doo."He performs logical actions - if you hide the toy under the pillow in front of him, the child will pull it out in a few seconds.
Lisp becomes meaningful .Children say the first words: "Give, Mom, Dad, Baba."Pointing to the dog, they say "aww, av", to the cat - "maa", that is, their words are indicative, characterizing certain creatures and objects. If a child has learned a word, he can label them not only as a person, but also as objects or actions related to a person. By the word "mother" he will determine mother's dress or shoes, as well as bathing in the bath.
At first, it happens that after saying a word, the kid "forgets" it. In fact, this is not so - he simply loses interest in the word, which has already overcome. Soon he will repeat all the words that he can speak, so do not worry.
The kid can already bring his thought to to an adult. It is very important to talk with the child as much as possible, without distorting words, not "syusyukaya" - because of this, the baby will learn to talk faster. Read him fairy tales and poems, showing pictures - the kid will look and match certain words with the image.
At 11 months the child communicates not only with parents and grandmother, other people become interested in him. At first he is afraid of strangers, but in the presence of his parents he starts to communicate with them, he also tries to get acquainted with other children coming to visit you. This is a good sign, but be sure to watch the playing children - they are still small and do not understand much. Children can quarrel over a toy, one of them may be interested in the eyes of a friend or his hair. Only an adult is able to resolve such situations.
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What should a child be able to do in 11 months?
The kid has his own scheme of the world, which he is able to replenish or change when new information arrives. The development of the baby in 11 months, according to doctors, including Dr. Komarovsky, is as follows:
- The child distinguishes the rooms in the house from each other and knows which items to go to: behind the nipple - into the bedroom, behind the spoon - into the kitchenAnd so on, that is, he develops memory.
- He can sit on his own without support and sits alone.
- Rises to the feet and stands, holding on to the pedestal, walks with the mother by the handle, makes 1 - 2 steps independently.
- Drinks from a cup, eats from a spoon.
- Knows how to use various items, that is, that a spoon is eaten, comb combed.
- Understands what adults say to him, reacts to their suggestions like "let's put on a sweater", "let's go to the street", make short requests like "give the ball," "put the book."
- Independently plays in cubes and a pyramid, thus takes toys by the big and index finger.
- Compares objects with their images in pictures. Can bring you an item if you show his picture and ask him to bring it.
How to support the achievements of the baby?
To continue the crumbs pleased you with their successes, in addition to developing classes, provide him with the proper daily routine and feeding regimen.
During the described period the child's diet changes. Breast milk remains the basis of nutrition, but other products are introduced in the menu. The diet is more like an adult's diet. For the development of bones, the child needs meat, but it should be given in the form of puree, all other products must also be ground for better digestibility. There are a number of products that are contraindicated to the child - these are pickled, sharp, salted, smoked foods. Do not forget to give the baby fruit in the form of fruit purees and freshly squeezed juices.