- 1. Physical development
- 2. acquired skills
- 3. Psycho-emotional development
- 3.1. Speech of the
- 3.2. Games and actions with
- 3.3. Forming the personality of
- 3.4. Contacts and social development
- 3.5. Memory
- 3.6. Summary Table
- 4. Power
In 10 months, the child continues to develop, as a whole under the age of 1 year, changes are seen almost every day. Strict rules, of course, can not be - every baby is different( seen in any video, which filmed at least a small group of children), but still there are approximate parameters and they should be guided caring parents.
Physical development of
Since all are born with different growth, weight and other physical indicators, the norm can not be clearly defined. Heredity and complementary quality are also important, and boys are physically usually ahead of girls. The table below shows the ratio of the child's physical development data to 10 months.
|Head circumference, see||44,0-49,6||42,8-49,2|
Other parameters can be listed without the table. At 10 months the child already has several teeth: first appear front - 2 at the top and bottom, and then 2 lateral upper incisors. For a month the baby grows on average by 1-1.5 cm, and adds about 400-500 g in weight, although it is possible to gain very active ones a little less - about 300 g. The data of the table are not strictly defined and if any indicators have a smallThe discrepancy with the figures indicated, this should not cause great concern, even if the baby has a shortage of weight or a slight increase.
Acquired skills of
When the child has already reached 10 months, he has accumulated a certain set of skills and actively continues to learn new things. He begins to show a desire for independent knowledge of the world, and also all with great pleasure communicates with new people, including with other kids.
What actions by 10 months of age the baby is already confidently commit or perceives with obvious success:
- eats with a spoon and drinking from a mug.
- Independent seat without support - the passed stage, which he passed in six months. Now the baby is already crawling well and begins to learn walking. The first steps he does, holding on to any support.
- Grabs his arms outstretched to him and gets up himself.
- Completely cope with soft food - the front teeth bite off small pieces and chew them.
- During the game makes simple actions - rolls a typewriter, collects a pyramid, shifts objects.
- Develops a tweezers grip, i.e. Tries to take objects with two fingers - forefinger and large.
- Can climb on a low surface( sofa, bed) and get off without assistance.
Psycho-emotional development of
At this age, the baby is already quite clearly visible certain character traits. Mental development of children is manifested in interaction with other people, in dealing with various subjects, in what classes they choose for themselves. Parents need to be attentive to the personality of both the boy and the girl.
A child at 10 months constantly babbling. And although while his speech is incomprehensible to adults, sometimes he is already beginning to deliberately pronounce simple familiar words( "Mom", "Baba", "Lala").These attempts should be encouraged and strongly promoted the development of speech in the child:
- To supplement the passive vocabulary, i.e. To pronounce the names of all the surrounding objects.
- Generate an active vocabulary, encouraging the child to repeat new words and sounds that he does not yet pronounce.
- Constantly draw the attention of the child to the surrounding phenomena of nature.
- When naming objects and phenomena, use monosyllabic simple sentences that are easier to remember.
It is very important not to lisp, but to clearly pronounce all the sounds and words so that the child can hear the correct pronunciation. On this depends largely on what will be the speech of your crumbs.
Games and actions with objects
Having reached 10 months of life, the child learns classes that are different in purposefulness and awareness. He no longer just grabs and throws objects. Previously, he only pulled the toys out of the box, and now he tries to fold them back. If you give him a set of cubes, he enthusiastically begins to make them one on top of another and build turrets.
Tiny tries and more complex actions - for example, he not only sets the doll in the machine, but tries to roll it. If you encourage the kid praise for every achievement, it will inspire him to new discoveries.
Forming the personality of
At 10 months, the child has become so obvious character features that they are already visible not only to the attentive mom, but to others around. Especially often children like to be stubborn, but they completely ignore the prohibitions.
From 10 to 11 months for a child it's normal - at this age to bring up the baby is almost useless. It is better to be observant, nevertheless, letting know what is good and what is bad. After a while, the crumb will begin to react to advice and comments.
Contacts and social development
It is always important for children to be in the spotlight, but now they are already striving for communication and interaction, it is important for them to build a dialogue and achieve understanding.
In 10 months the child has a wonderful memory. He well remembers the names of objects and phenomena, knows and can show all the members of the family, and also gives toys that he will ask. The kid knows the simple games that he was taught( "ladushki", "forty-white-bearded"), quickly remembers the contents of books that he constantly read, can show certain pictures when their mother calls them.
Summary table of
|Scope of development||What's going on?|
|The motor activity of||The kid is able to stand alone for a short time - without support and support. Actively crawls. Holding the hand of an adult can move in an alternating or adjoining step.|
|Actions with objects||Play with another child, perform actions as directed by an adult. Now the kid operates objects and toys in different ways( if before all he pulled into his mouth, waved each toy, now he does not necessarily do it).Learns to perform complex actions: takes the ball from the hands of another, gives it away;Opens and closes boxes;Can hide toys;Removes the rings from the rod;Removes bushings from holes, etc.|
|Understanding speech||Gives items and toys to an adult at the request of "Dai" - finds them among many and chooses( the adult does not point at the item).Reacts to the question "Where. ..?" Regardless of the location of the object / toy.|
|Independent speech||New syllables appear in the speech - they are repeated by the adult. Autonomous speech( understood only by relatives) becomes more diverse.|
|Intelligence||The child's activity becomes more arbitrary and purposeful.|
At 10 months the child spends a lot of energy, constantly being in motion, therefore, in order to fill the wasted energy, and also for harmonious development, the baby's nutrition should be full, balanced, contain the necessary amount of vitamins and trace elements. The famous pediatrician Evgeny Komarovsky advises paying special attention to the musculoskeletal system, since the child moves a lot.
By 10 months the child's diet consists mainly of soups, cereals, curds and fruits. Be sure to take into account the individual propensity for allergies. How much should I have at this age? To eat the kid needs at least 4 times a day, the daily norm of consumed food should be about 1 liter( breast milk in this volume is not taken into account).
It is widely believed that it is in the morning( about 10 to 12 hours)To receive the maximum quantity of calories, therefore the first meal of the kid should be especially nutritious and sated useful substances. Usually it is buckwheat, rice or porridge on milk, it is also useful to add cottage cheese and fruit puree.
He must be from the first, second and third. On the first must be soup - vegetable or light broth, on the second - cutlets, meatballs or meatballs, cooked for a couple. Such a soft food, a 10-month-old baby can already chew with several teeth, so it's safe to give up meat puree. Fish can also be cooked steamed, in the form of cutlets, boiled or baked in the oven. On the third - juice or compote of dried fruits.
Puree from vegetables or fruits or low-fat kefir is most suitable for dinner. Do not overload the baby's digestion is too saturated and dense food before bedtime - it's best when the dinner is simple, easy and quickly absorbed. It must also be taken into account that breast milk is still present in the infant formula.
In addition to the basic meals for a kid at 10 months during the day, you need to give something that he can bite and bite - it can be an apple, pear or other unstable fruit without skin, and also a rusk or a bagel. In addition to receiving additional vitamins, the child will develop a chewing reflex and massage the gums, which give him discomfort during the eruption of other teeth.