Postpartum recovery is a very complex process that has a serious impact on many systems of the female body. Of course, the smallest pelvic organs and birth canals are the biggest blow, where gaps can form, sutures are applied as a result of medical intervention and so on. But blood allocation in women after childbirth is more associated not with these causes, but with physiological ones. During childbirth, the placenta separates from the uterus, which provides the child with everything necessary for its development in the womb of the mother. On the site of the endometrium, to which the latter was attached, a large wound is formed. The healing process should normally last 6-8 weeks and be accompanied by lochia - blood secretions with clots, impurities, placental remains and bacteria. Therefore, if immediately after birth women have blood - this is natural, unavoidable and safe for health, except when there is an inflammatory process in the uterus or in the vagina. In this article, we will consider one of t
- Blood after delivery:
- normative values How many blood after birth is the pathological allocation of
- How to behave to the mother in order to avoid severe bleeding after delivery
- How many blood after the birth - when the menstrual cycle is restored
- Video "Allotments after childbirth"
Blood after labor: normative indices
Regardless of the way in which the delivery was performed - naturally or with the help of Caesarva section - from the birth canal of a woman who has just given birth, lochia will be allocated, the duration of which will be several weeks. However, their character will constantly change: with each passing day they will decrease in volume, change color and consistency. On this basis, the period of blood liberation after childbirth can be divided into three main periods:
- The first few hours after childbirth.
After the woman gives birth, within 2-3 hours she will need to be in the birth hall under the strict supervision of doctors who will monitor her general condition and the nature of the discharge from the uterus. This period is the most dangerous, since there is a great chance of opening massive hypotonic uterine bleeding, the cause of which is usually a violation in uterine contractions. It, in fact, does not cause a woman any painful sensations, but can lead to dizziness and fainting. After the first hours after the birth of the child, the newly mum has already begun very abundant discharge from the vagina with strong currents, which can be continuous and uneven - with the slightest pressure on the stomach, a lot of blood can flow out. During the stay of the woman in the hospital, she can lose more than half a liter of blood. For this reason, the woman immediately after childbirth is categorically forbidden to get up. You can do this only after permission of the doctor, who first must make sure that you do not have ruptures that can be closed, and bruises.
As soon as you get up, and with any other slightest movement, a little bleeding may begin, so do not forget to spread an oilcloth or diaper under your feet.
- The first few days after delivery.
This period starts from the moment the woman is transferred to the postpartum ward. As a rule, it lasts 2-3 days, exactly as much as during a normal course of postpartum recovery, the mother should be in the hospital under the supervision of doctors. During this period, the woman is allowed to independently, but slowly move around the ward and the ward. The number of excreta is as abundant. It will not require the usual pads that women use during menstruation, and special postpartum ones. New mums, who were given a cesarean section, can use absorbent diapers instead of gaskets. Every day a doctor who bypasses the patients will look at the nature of the discharge: if after the delivery the scarlet blood leaves without a sharp odor, then the process of healing the uterus is proceeding correctly and without complications. The exception are those puerperas, in which the uterus is overgrown. This can be due to the fact that their pregnancy was prolific or the fruit was very large. Among other reasons - severe birth, in which there was scraping of the afterburn or other medical intervention. Such women during this whole period put a dropper with oxytocin, which helps their uterus quickly contract.
- The first one and a half months after delivery.
When a woman is at home, which is about 7 days after the birth of the baby, the vaginal discharge will resemble the usual ones with small blood clots, which after the birth are formed in the uterus and gradually leave it. With each day, the selection will decrease in volume, and then change its color - bright red will change to yellow. A month after the birth of blood, it should definitely not be, there may be scanty spotting of a yellowish white color, but no more. For any deviation from this norm, you should immediately contact your gynecologist.
How many blood flow after birth - pathological discharge
There are a number of reasons why a woman may have problems after giving birth due to impairments in the process of uterine repair. The maternitywoman can determine these violations on her own. What is related to them:
- The amount of blood given out within a week after birth does not decrease, but remains as abundant. This symptom indicates that part of the afterbirth and a lot of blood clots remained in the uterus after childbirth, and this prevents its full-scale reduction. Because of this, the inflammatory process begins, the woman greatly raises the temperature. If you notice this symptom, do not delay the trip to the doctor. In this case, you will be shown an additional cleaning under anesthesia. This procedure sounds frightening, but you can not do without it, otherwise a woman is threatened with blood poisoning or infertility.
- Blood after childbirth goes beyond 8 weeks, while a woman experiences pain in the lower abdomen, her temperature rises. The reason for this can be an infection after or during the birth, which must be cured, so that there are no more adverse effects, which include endometritis.
- There was no bleeding at all, and blood blew two weeks after the birth. This can happen if you have fibromatous nodes in your uterus during pregnancy or before it. This complication most often occurs in the puerperas, who were given a cesarean section.
How to behave to a woman in labor to avoid severe bleeding after delivery
Following just four simple recommendations, women who have had uncomplicated birth can very easily avoid the possibility of bleeding and blood clots in the uterus after childbirth. For this they need:
- It is less to walk and stay longer in the first few days after the birth of a child.
- To feed your baby with breasts. Breast milk is not only the best meal for the newborn, but also the most effective way to rapidly reduce the uterus. When feeding, a woman has a hormone called oxytocin, which has a beneficial effect on the uterus.
- As often as possible, go to the toilet to empty the bladder. After childbirth with this case, there may be problems - a woman sometimes ceases to have the urge to urinate, which causes the bladder to fill up and prevent the uterus from contracting normally.
- Apply to the bottom of the stomach a hot water bottle with ice water - this will affect the vessels that are also involved in the process of contraction of the uterus. For the same reason, lie more often on your stomach.
- Wear a bandage or tie a belly with a sheet.
Of course, do not lift any weights. The biggest thing you can pick up is your baby.
Personal hygiene after delivery
- Use only high-quality sanitary napkins with a high degree of absorption and change them at least every 5 hours. If you have abundant discharge, then change the gasket depending on the degree of its filling.
- Do not use tampons that can damage injured birth canals.
- Each time you change the gasket, wash with a normal baby soap, directing the water jet from front to back.
- If you have stitches on the perineum, treat them with furatsilinom or potassium permanganate.
- Do not take a bath. You can swim only in the shower to reduce the risk of infection in the vagina.
How much blood after the birth - when the menstrual cycle will return
Once the postpartum discharge stops, the woman begins to wonder about when the menstrual cycle will come, because the menstrual cycle after pregnancy has lost. There are several options, but they will all depend on the individual characteristics of each woman's body.
As a rule, if a young mother is breastfeeding her child, her menstrual cycle is restored only after six months. During this time, there may not be any monthly periods, since the hormone Prolactin is produced in the body of a nursing woman, which prevents ovulation. At puerperas, who refused to breastfeed, the menstrual cycle comes back to normal a couple of months after childbirth.
How many days after delivery will be blood - this is the question that all newly given women are asked. But there is no unequivocal answer to this question, since everything in this matter depends on the physiological characteristics of the parturient woman. But in any case, no matter how many blood flows after the birth, it is important that it does not have a rotten smell at the same time, and you do not feel any pain. If your postpartum recovery process proceeds without complications, then one and a half months after the birth of the baby any unpleasant discharge from the birth canal stops and will not give you any discomfort.
Video "Allotments after childbirth"
This video shows in detail what happens to a woman after childbirth, and what kind of care she should be indicated by experts so that there is no bleeding.