IVF for many couples becomes the only chance to give birth to a baby. It happens that one of the spouses can not give birth to a child. We have to go against nature and do artificial insemination. Good or bad is the topic of another article, and those women who have gone through this procedure and dream of having a baby will be interested to know when to do a pregnancy test after IVF.
- What is ECO
- A bit of history
- When should I do IVF?
- Can I use IVF for women who do not suffer from infertility?
- Preparatory moment. What you need to know
- Let's talk about the signs of pregnancy
- We make a pregnancy test after ECO replenishment
- Positive pregnancy test after IVF
- The test does not show pregnancy after IVF
In vitro fertilization is the only way to become happy parents. As a rule, attempts to become pregnant are undertaken several times and after the procedure of the couple want to know the result faster. Whether there was a pregnancy or it is nece
What is IVF
Artificial insemination is the last chance to give birth to a child who can not conceive a child. This is a real salvation for barren men and women. Some people consider this method to be wrong and even "fashionable", but when it comes to future offspring, it does not matter what method of conception was made - natural or artificial.
In short, IVF can be described as follows: this is the fertilization of a ripe oocyte taken from a woman, which is pre-placed in a test tube. In the laboratory conditions, conception occurs, after which the embryo will be grown in a special environment for a certain amount of time. After a while, the date of embryo transfer to the uterine cavity is assigned. Further, if everything went well, a woman carries and gives birth to a child.
A bit of history
The first methods of introducing male sperm into the vagina of a woman were applied as far back as the 18th century. This method was used in extreme cases, with malformations of the genital organs or when the man was completely paralyzed. This method could not be called a full IVF.A little later, in the early 90s of the 19th century, the famous English scientist Hip performed the first artificial insemination by transferring the embryo from the rabbit to the uterine cavity of another. The experience was successful - the pregnancy came and ended with a happy birth.
If you go a little deeper into history, you can learn that at the end of the 18th century the Russian scientist Gruzdev made a sensational discovery that artificial insemination can be successful if the egg is fully ripe. And already in 1959, when certain successes were achieved in the field of embryology, the success of the technique was proved on the same rabbits( fertilization in vitro).Years later, scientists began to consider the method of artificial insemination in those women who lost the fallopian tubes or were completely impassable. In 1967, British biologist Robert Edwards continued to study the tissue of the ovaries that were removed during the operation. The efforts of the scientist surpassed all expectations. In the same year, the first case in the history of fertilization of an egg in a laboratory was recorded.
Parallel to the gynecologist Patrick Stepthoy studied a new method - laparoscopy, in order to show the first result of joint cooperation in 1971.Years later, in 1976, after numerous unsuccessful attempts to achieve artificial insemination, the first positive result was obtained. Unfortunately, for a woman, the experience turned out to be deplorable, as the pregnancy turned out to be an ectopic pregnancy.
After a long series of failures, in 2 years the whole world learned about the first person born from a test tube.
It's impossible to say that the technique of two scientists was successful, as they performed experiments during menstruation, trying to "get" the desired follicle. In parallel, almost at the same time, similar experiments were conducted in America and Australia. Scientists used a more gentle method - stimulation of the ovaries with hormone-containing drugs. As a result, in 1980, the first child was born in Australia "from a test tube", and in 1981 - in the United States. After a successful example, scientists Stepta and Edwards also began to use this group of drugs for fertilization and the first child, conceived by IVF, was born in Russia in 1986.
Now the method of artificial insemination is widely used, therefore the number of children conceived by the "artificial" path for a long time no one counts.
When should I do IVF?
Every childless couple should learn the simple truth that IVF is a modern method that allows to effectively treat infertility. The first indicator of artificial insemination is the infertility of the tubes, when the woman has full or partial obstruction of the tubes, and it is impossible to restore the lost function. For example, when spikes were formed after an inflammatory disease, cavitary operations( purulent appendicitis), complete absence of tubes after ectopic pregnancies.
Also, IVF is used in the so-called "immunological" infertility, when the female body destroys male sperm.
Effective procedure for artificial insemination and in male infertility, when the body does not produce enough sperm or in the total amount of semen there is a low percentage of "active" spermatozoa.
It is also necessary to pay attention to the predisposition to hereditary diseases. These include hemophilia, cystic fibrosis. In this case, future parents decide on IVF to be 100% sure that their child will be born healthy. The embryo's own embryo is carefully examined before going to the uterus.
Can I use IVF for women who do not suffer from infertility?
Theoretically, this is quite possible, but here all the pros and cons should be weighed, because IVF is a responsible procedure, which must be properly prepared. The first step on the path to artificial embryo transplantation is the intake of hormonal drugs, which is already an important burden on the female body. After all, artificial insemination is the only chance to get pregnant when all the other methods have been tried. It turns out that to expose your body only for the whim of giving birth to a child of a certain sex or immediately raising twins is not necessary.
Preparatory moment. What you need to know
First of all, you need to prepare for IVF procedure morally.
To ensure that everything went well, follow these recommendations:
- At the first conversation with a doctor, bring your medical history, take with you all the tests, examinations, consultations and visits of all specialists. Answer the questions honestly.
- How to prepare: long before the procedure is not superfluous will take care of your health, get rid of excess kilos, treat existing chronic diseases. You also need an emotional attitude: see good movies, read positive books. Walk more in the fresh air.
- Hand over all tests in the clinic where you will conduct the procedure or in another institution convenient for you.
- The doctor will develop an individual program for taking hormonal medications. You need maximum concentration and attention. You need to think it through to the smallest detail, because the preparatory moment is the key to your success. Perhaps it will be more convenient to take a vacation and spend this time at the cottage.
- Be prepared for the fact that with a personal life and career while you need to say goodbye. Put reminders on the phone and stock up on syringes to make injections in time( or to agree on the arrival of a health worker) and perform other manipulations appointed by the doctor.
- Do not buy cheap counterfeit medicines! This can not be saved. It is better to go to the pharmacy that your doctor will recommend to you.
- The procedure for seizing an egg is an important and crucial moment. Manipulation is carried out under anesthesia, so 4 hours before the mini-operation you can not eat anything. Try to calm down, this stage always goes well.
- At the time when the egg is removed, the partner must pass the sperm. Then it's time to start the sacrament of conception. The result of the work of the embryologist will be known in a few days.
- Embryo transfer. This day many patients who survived IVF, called the "day of smiles".In this joyful day for a married couple, everyone is in a great mood, from future parents, to medical staff.
- Transfer procedure is carried out without anesthesia and takes only a few minutes. And absolutely painless.
- Two hours of stay in the ward and you can go home. The longest stage of IVF is still ahead and it is called "expectation".The most exciting and disturbing days in the life of a woman come. During this period it is very difficult to remain calm and listen to your body. Many people rush to buy boxes with tests for pregnancy and make them every 3 hours.
The IVF procedure is over, now it remains to wait a bit to learn about the result of the manipulation.
Let's talk about the signs of pregnancy
It is very important to know the first symptoms of a pregnancy that has come. Since the procedure of IVF for many childless couples is the only chance to become parents, this exciting manipulation for many occurs in a very difficult period. Experiences, sleepless nights, emotional tension is increasing every day. After the fertilized embryo was transferred to the body of a woman - there it will continue to develop. How long does it take to learn about a small sacrament? Did it all work out or do you have to go all over again? After all, none of the clinics will not give a 100% guarantee that after IVF one can hope for a positive result. This waiting time is the heaviest for each childless couple. Despite the off-scale emotions, a woman needs to calm down and listen to her body. Even small "bells" can point to the coming pregnancy.
Symptoms of an impending pregnancy after IVF do not differ from the usual symptoms of a pregnant woman.
What a woman needs to pay attention to:
- increase and soreness of mammary glands;
- frequent trips to the toilet "in a small way";
- aching pain in the lower abdomen;
- after implantation of the embryo, mucous tissue of the uterus may be slightly damaged, it in some cases provokes the appearance of bloody discharge;
- drowsiness, weakness;
- nausea in the morning and exacerbation of smell;
- puffiness of the extremities.
If at least one of the above symptoms does not allow you to live peacefully and is very clear, then you need to urgently consult a doctor to exclude the threat of termination of pregnancy even before testing.
What else should I look for after IVF?A woman can feel the swelling and soreness of the mammary glands. If you touch the chest, even a slight touch causes pain.
Toxicosis in the morning, a negative reaction to smells and weakness throughout the body. All these symptoms can be more pronounced than with normal pregnancy, because the female body is over saturated with hormones after IVF.
In addition to the above symptoms, it is worth paying attention to the basal temperature. If it is increased, then we can assume that the pregnancy has come. Even with natural conception, due to the hormonal adjustment of the female body, it will be increased. It is necessary to measure the temperature in the mornings, without getting out of bed. The thermometer is inserted into the anus, the woman should lie on her side. The correct sign of pregnancy is basal temperature from 37oC and above.
Drawing pains in the lower abdomen, tingling, weak pain in the lumbar region, a feeling of "air bubbles" or "butterflies" in the abdomen is explained by the fact that the pregnant uterus gradually increases and a large amount of blood flows into the pelvic organs. While the body has not yet had time to adapt to this state, therefore, such sensations are quite possible.
Discharge from the vagina - after artificial insemination, a woman can mark a characteristic secretion in the form of a transparent or white liquid odorless. This phenomenon indicates an increasing volume of blood in the body. Such an environment will be favorable for the development of microorganisms, so when there is a discharge, it is advisable to undergo an appropriate examination. Self-medication can not be done.
Absence of menstruation is an obvious sign of pregnancy. If they do not "come" on time, then you can be 100% sure that the pregnancy has occurred( provided that the woman has a regular cycle).
If IVF went well, then a woman will be prescribed a course of hormone-containing drugs. By the way, against their background, there may be an increase in temperature and a decrease in blood pressure. This also may indicate the presence of pregnancy, so it is worth paying attention to sudden "hot flashes" when a woman suddenly becomes very hot, and then sharply "throws" it into the sweat. Redness of the face is normal.
We make a pregnancy test after ECO replanting
After embryo transfer, at least 2 weeks must pass. It remains only to wait, because the woman can not influence this process.
According to the rules of IVF, after 2 weeks( 14 days), a woman should visit a gynecologist who will make a special test for the hormone HCG.It is produced in the body of a woman only in the event that the pregnancy has occurred. It is necessary to submit 2 analyzes - blood and urine. Many ladies can not cope with themselves and go to the pharmacy to learn at home about the result after IVF.
It should be remembered that just as with normal pregnancy, the hCG hormone will be found in the woman's urine only after the 7th day of replanting. Previously, there is no point in harassing yourself and doing endless pregnancy tests.
Because artificial fertilization is performed against the background of taking hormonal drugs, the result of pregnancy may not be confirmed. The usual pregnancy test for pregnancy gynecologists do not advise, because this type of test can show an unreliable result. For example, a frequent case in the practice of IVF, when a woman after a home pregnancy test, there are 2 treasured stripes, and after a few days - only one. A woman at first is happy, and then very disappointed. Against this background, depression can develop. To avoid such a situation, it is necessary to prepare yourself not only for a positive, but for a negative result.
Important - ask your doctor when it is possible to make a test. Perhaps the doctor will advise you to immediately take a blood test for HCG, since this method is considered the most effective and reliable. It is done on the 12th day of embryo replanting. If the hCG hormone is present in a woman's blood, then we can talk about the pregnancy that has come. But there are exceptions when the doctor prescribes hormones. The test can be done only 5 days after the last injection.
Positive pregnancy test after IVF
After a pharmacy pregnancy test at home, the result may not be 2, but as many as 3 variants:
- Weakly positive.
The latter is indicated in the case of an ectopic pregnancy, early testing, or when the embryo is late attached( delayed implantation).It is important to do not one, but several tests, and with an equal period of time. For example, the first test should be done in the morning, when the urine is the most concentrated. The next test can be done after 3 hours and so several times a day.
Tests are desirable to acquire different manufacturers with high sensitivity. If after several attempts your strips show the same result - positive, it is still too early to rejoice. It is necessary to take a blood test for HCG, because your attending physician trusts only this result. If it turns out to be positive, then you need to do more and ultrasound. If all the diagnostic methods show a positive result, then you can rejoice in the pregnancy that has come.
Pregnancy tests after IVF photo:
Test does not show pregnancy after IVF
As you understand, there are only 2 options for the development of events after IVF. All can be happy about the pregnancy that has come, but it is necessary to learn how to prepare for a negative result.
Remember that according to statistics the first attempt at artificial insemination is rarely successful. It turns out that we need to take a negative result for granted, and take the first step towards a happy motherhood.
The second time, if the doctor left the frozen embryos, it will be easier. You will know how to behave, how to control your emotions and how much to wait for the result. By the way, the chances of getting pregnant after the second attempt of IVF are much greater.
And remember, it's not as easy as we would like. Even in the case of an unsuccessful attempt, do not despair, keep fighting and then you will see the long-awaited 2 strips.