Early signs of pregnancy are perhaps the only signs that can signal a future mother about the onset of a long-awaited event. Under the first signs of the first pregnancy is understood the reaction of the female body to hormonal restructuring, which begins immediately after conception. However, each organism is individual and reacts in its own way to internal changes. It is possible that the physical signs of pregnancy for an individual woman will not manifest for a long time, and the other will make themselves felt fully in the first month. Each symptom of pregnancy, its nature and time of appearance depend exclusively on each organism individually.
- Signs and symptoms of pregnancy before the onset of delay
- Signs and symptoms of pregnancy after delay
- First signs of pregnancy: pregnancy test
- First signs of pregnancy: principles and differences in pregnancy tests
- The first signs of pregnancy: the composition of the pregnancy test
- The first signs of pregnancy:How to conduct a pregnancy test
- The first signs of pregnancy: the determination of the results
- The first signs of pregnancy: early pregnancy diagnosis
- First signs of pregnancy: imaginary pregnancy and its signs
- The first signs of pregnancy. Video
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy before the onset of a delay
Every sensual woman dreaming of a baby is herself able to notice and uniquely identify the signs of pregnancy long before the delay. A large number of read literature, observation and careful preparation make the first signs of pregnancy in the first week an unequivocal identifier of the onset of a wonderful event in the family.
- Small bloody discharge.
In the early days, and in some weeks of pregnancy, a fertilized egg is introduced deep into the walls of the uterus to further form the fetus. This process is accompanied by early symptoms of pregnancy - pink insignificant smearing, called in gynecology by implantation bleeding, which begin to appear before the delay. This sign of pregnancy before the delay manifests itself in 80% of women. Such an insignificant at first glance symptom does not need to be discounted if there is a possibility of an early pregnancy. Often, women perceive this for menstrual discharge and find out about their situation already when the first signs of pregnancy become more.
- Increase in basal temperature.
Basal temperature is the lowest level of body temperature to which it falls during sleep. Measuring this temperature is not a simple process for an unprepared person and an important part of its correct determination is the state of complete rest after sleep. When in complete rest without movement, insert the thermometer in the supine position directly into the rectum. During the period of ovulation, the basal temperature of a woman rises to 37 ° C and above. Then it gradually comes to norm. In pregnant women, it remains at the same level for the entire period of gestation. The first and one of the most reliable signs of the first pregnancy is not a dropping basal temperature. However, there are exceptions - during various kinds of inflammations and diseases, it can also be slightly increased.
- Breast changes.
One of the early signs of pregnancy is breast augmentation, its sensitivity is increasing. Also, one of the symptoms of early pregnancy before the delay is the possible darkening of the circles near the nipples and the allocation of a small amount of fluid from the nipples.
- Rapid fatigue, change in taste, sensitivity to odors.
Many women, one of the first signs of pregnancy, begin to feel fast fatigue and drowsiness in the first week, feelings of smell and taste preferences are exacerbated.
One of the earliest, but optional symptoms of pregnancy before delay is nausea. It does not appear in every woman and is not the same for everyone. For example, along with its absolute absence, it can be a small morning or ubiquitous - all day. In any case, everything depends on the individual hormonal adjustment and the characteristics of the organism of the future mother.
- Frequent urination.
Already in the first week of pregnancy, moms will observe such a sign as more frequent urge to go to the toilet. This symptom is associated with the release of the fruit of the so-called hormone pregnancy. It ensures rapid circulation of blood in the pelvic region, which leads to an imaginary filling of the bladder and signaling of urination.
- A little cold.
The normal sign of pregnancy of the female body, which can be uniquely identified before the delay, is a slight catarrhal malaise. This is due to the fact that the body during pregnancy is deliberately slightly weakened so that the developing fetus is not rejected. It is for this reason that a woman's health is so prone to illness in the prenatal period.
These early symptoms of pregnancy can clearly indicate the future mother of her position before the delay. Depending on the characteristics of the body and the state, each of them, from a scientific point of view, can be manifested to some extent or absent altogether. In addition, there are a number of subjective signs and symptoms of pregnancy, which are rather determined by intuition, expecting a happy woman's event, rather than can be uniquely identified from a medical point of view. For example, such an early sign of pregnancy, like the fish that dreamed the day before - is a common folk sign, but it has absolutely no scientific justification.
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy after delay
- Light cramps in the abdomen.
Such pains as the first signs of the first pregnancy determine the development of the fetus that changes to the future fetus. This reduction in the uterus is completely normal and occurs not only in pregnant women, but also in women during the premenstrual period. Especially frequent such reductions become before regular bleeding and with the threat of loss. Therefore, pregnant women need to carefully monitor such spasms, their frequency and frequency. Expecting such symptoms in the early stages, women should be better off with light spasmolytic drugs, but in no case should they abuse them.
- Increase in the number of selections.
Hormonal changes in the body, in connection with the preparation for fetal growth, cause an increase in the amount of progesterone in the blood, which is responsible for the natural separation of cervical mucus. Perhaps, but not necessarily increase in discharge in a pregnant woman, although every third woman has this symptom of pregnancy. A small amount of colorless or slightly pink stretch discharge in the form of mucus should in no case be confused with bloody discharge from the vagina. If you think that the monthly is too meager - go for an additional pregnancy test.
- Absence of menstruation.
At this time of dynamics and stress, not all women immediately pay attention to the delay. Often the failure of the schedule of menstrual bleeding for several days can be a habitual reaction to stresses and an unregulated lifestyle of a woman. If the delay lasts longer than 7 days, be sure to see a doctor or take a pregnancy test. In a pregnant woman, regular menstrual bleeding is not present throughout the term, and the cycle is restored only 2 to 3 months after delivery.
- Positive result.
In pharmacy, so-called, preliminary, 99% reliable pregnancy tests, there are two provisions: one strip and two. Pregnancy is confirmed when you see a clear two strips on the applicator. There are cases of disputed states - when on the applicator identifiers can be seen implicitly or at the same time two states are shown. This can happen in the first weeks after miscarriage, with a frozen and ectopic pregnancy or with some congenital pathologies. In any case, after seeing such a picture, it is better to apply for an additional examination to a doctor or take a test again - perhaps this is the marriage of the applicator itself.
- Inspection at the gynecologist.
In the early stages of pregnancy, the symptom of an increase in the uterus is still hard to notice. In this case, it can be determined only by vaginal examination. Then, as already in the second trimester, the uterus becomes large enough for an external examination on the couch, which the gynecologist does at each visit of the future mother to the reception. Such regular receptions at the doctor are obligatory for the control of the correct development of the fetus. Already after 5 gynecological weeks, obvious signs of pregnancy are a cyanotic shade of the labia, cervical deviation, uterine deformation to a circular state and a constant increase in size.
At the first sign of pregnancy, many women who are preparing to become mothers immediately do urine and blood tests. In such cases, the need for a pregnancy test is eliminated, since the probability of a correct result through a medical check of urine is greater. In such analyzes, the level of gonadotropin - the hormone that is released during pregnancy - is determined. His level begins to increase from the first days of conception and by the 11th week it increases several thousand times. The necessary concentration for measurement is reached 7 days after conception, therefore it is recommended to conduct preliminary pregnancy tests at that time.
- Ultrasound examination.
The appearance of the first signs of pregnancy before the delay does not guarantee 100% pregnancy itself. The fact that the egg after fertilization is fixed on the wall of the uterus and only then begins the development of the embryo. But even this fertilized egg, which is immediately visible on ultrasound, does not give absolute guarantees of its development in the fetus. At a later date, when the doctor confirms the formation and growth of the embryo - you can accurately confirm a woman's pregnancy.
First signs of pregnancy: pregnancy test
First signs of pregnancy: principles and differences in pregnancy tests
Immunochromatography is the determination of the level of gonadotropin in the human body. All pregnancy tests are based on such an analysis of urine, so they differ only in the way of filing, the level of quality and competent marketing. From the first day after the appearance in the body of a woman of a fertilized egg, the glycoprotein begins to be produced by the placenta in large numbers. Before the onset of planned menstruation, its amount in the blood reaches the required level for the diagnosis of pregnancy with a test. However, there are exceptions to the timing and amount of gonadotropin accumulation, for example, with pathological features of the uterine cavity, the timing of ovulation, and the development of the embryo. In this case, the test may not show accurate information, but for this there are more reliable symptoms of pregnancy.
The first signs of pregnancy: the composition of the pregnancy test
Applicator looks like a small stick with an active strip. The strip is covered with gonadotropin hormone with labeled antibodies on the areas of pregnancy control. When the urine contacts the active components, a chemical reaction occurs, and in the test areas, pronounced lines corresponding to your condition appear.
Pregnancy test kit kit:
- applicator with an active test strip in a protective, moisture-tight, sealed package;
- special absorbers for protection against moisture;
- instruction with mandatory rules of storage and use.
Be sure to check the date of manufacture of the test on the package before purchasing it in the pharmacy. Be sure to store it in a dry place at a temperature of no higher than 28 ° C.Prepare for the test - bring the urine sample to room temperature. Conduct a test to determine the pregnancy can be any time from 3 days. For the very first days and weeks, use the morning urine - it is believed that in the morning the concentration of gonadotropin is the highest.
- collect urine necessarily in a dry, clean container immediately before testing;
- the amount of urine should be sufficient to completely immerse the strip;
- in no case should one shake and tilt the urine sample while the test strip is there and before;
- never use the sample again.
First signs of pregnancy: how to conduct a pregnancy test
- Gently open the protective bag and remove the strip with dry hands.
- In a container with a pre-prepared sample, lower the strip to the limit line indicated by the arrows.
- After 1 - 2 minutes, remove the strip and place it on a horizontal, dry surface.
- You can determine the result in 5 to 7 minutes. If the period of early or delay is not yet and the probability of pregnancy is minimal - it is recommended to withstand up to 10 minutes before testing. In early terms, the amount of gonadotropin is not yet very high, so the second strip may appear unclear or orderly later than the target date.
First signs of pregnancy: determination of results
- Negative result: appearance of only one bright pink band in the test control zone.
- Positive result: in this case two bright strips appear in the test in both control zones.
- If all the manipulations you performed consistently and correctly, and no lines appeared on the strip, then the test was initially defective or stitched, and the analysis should be repeated with the help of another, better-quality specimen.
First signs of pregnancy: early diagnosis of pregnancy
Despite such an abundance of early signs and symptoms of pregnancy before the delay, they are all more or less subjective and contradictory. The fact is that each of them can be the cause of completely unrelated to pregnancy things. Often the symptoms can be confused with the same in various diseases, pathologies. To be consequences of elementary disorders of endocrine glands, side effects of taking medications, nervous tension, etc. Such contradictions can mislead not only a woman who dreams about a child, but also a professional doctor. In order to unequivocally conclude the cause of the first symptoms of pregnancy, as a result of hormonal adjustment during pregnancy, it is necessary to conduct a comprehensive diagnostic examination. Such examinations usually include: visual examination of ultrasound, blood and urine analysis for chronic gonadotropin. But even after the presence of a fertilized egg in the body is unequivocally determined, the complex analysis does not end there.
To determine the viability of the egg and its proper attachment to the walls of the uterus, it is also necessary to examine the attachment site and the presence of a heartbeat in the fetus.
First signs of pregnancy: imaginary pregnancy and its symptoms
In medical practice, there are cases when all the early signs of pregnancy are present, and there is no actual pregnancy. This happens usually in the fair sex, long, but unsuccessfully dreaming of pregnancy, and women who are clearly afraid of this event. Differences of these signs from really pregnant women - in the nature of their origin. If the mother's symptoms in the early stages of pregnancy are associated with a global restructuring of the hormonal background, then the imaginary pregnant women may have very different reasons. From stress and depression, disorders in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, infections and diseases, malnutrition and the general poor state - to an elementary hormonal imbalance, not associated with pregnancy. But the desire for pregnancy, or his fear, can create an identical state of illusion of the event. In this case, only carrying out a comprehensive medical examination for the presence of a fertilized egg will dispel all doubts and dot the "and".Therefore, having discovered early symptoms of pregnancy before the delay of menstruation, it is necessary to consult a doctor to find out the general picture. If the pregnancy is still confirmed, it will be necessary to properly diagnose it, give additional tests, observe and treat the signs of pregnancy that create discomfort.