At 19 weeks of pregnancy, the woman is almost at the middle of the term, it is at this time that the expectant mother, as a rule, feels fine. Extra weight and the big belly is not yet a burden, and do not tire the body and exhausting morning morning sickness and frequent mood swings are left behind. What happens to the baby at the 19th week of pregnancy, and what are the sensations of the woman on this date, we will tell in this article.
- -natal development of the child is 19 weeks pregnant
- Sensations women at 19 weeks' gestation
- necessary analyzes on the 19 week of pregnancy
- ultrasound at 19 weeks' gestation
- Status belly 19 weeks pregnant
- 19th week of pregnancy: allocation
- Power by 19 weeks' gestation
- 19 week of pregnancy.
video natal development of the child is 19 weeks pregnant
the mid term pipsqueak weighs about 300-350 g and length of its body from head to toe is about 25 cm. The organs and systems are not sufficiently developed, but t
- fatty layer under the skin of the child has not yet formed, so the skin is rather thin, wrinkled, and has a reddish tinge. The epidermis is covered with a protective cheese-like lubricant, along with the baby, and will be born. Subcutaneous fat is just beginning to form, after birth, this fat will serve as the main source of energy for a small organism.
- The child at the 19th week of pregnancy has an intensive development of the brain and the entire central nervous system. Nerve cells form bonds, the brain builds up the cortex. At this time, the fetus reflexes become more complex, he learns to move his limbs, blinking, swallowing, opening her mouth and sucking movements to perform.
- A crumb in the womb recognizes external sounds. Loud and sharp screams can scare him, and a slow beautiful melody can calm him down. Many mothers, starting from this period, give their kids to listen to music, talk to them.
- On the 19th week of pregnancy, the development and improvement of digestive organs continues. The intestine begins to be filled with meconium - the original feces formed from microparticles, which the child swallows together with the amniotic fluid.
- The kidneys of the fetus are also improved and begin to work, removing urine.
- At this time of pregnancy the lungs are finally formed.
The location of the fetus at the 19th week of pregnancy can be completely different. The tiny organism is still so small that it can turn in the womb as it pleases. Children, born in this period, as a rule, do not survive. At this time, as well as during the entire period of bearing the child, the expectant mother should carefully monitor her own health, nutrition and lifestyle.
At the nineteenth week of pregnancy, the fetus already gives signs of its presence. He had done this before, but because of the small size of the woman, most likely, she did not feel jerks and perturbations. By the middle of the term, the future mother begins to feel her baby, which gives her an indescribable delight and pleasure.
Sensations woman at 19 weeks of pregnancy
With the advent of the "golden" middle of the pregnancy in the body and in the appearance of a woman tangible changes. The stomach has already grown to such a size that it is difficult to notice it. At this time, the pregnant woman can feel discomfort in the navel - this is due to the enlarged uterus, which presses on it from the inside. Many women note that the navel has started to bulge outward - this is completely painless and normal, after the birth the navel will take its original form.
From the very beginning of pregnancy, doctors forbid future mothers to lie down on their stomachs. By week 19, turning over on the stomach at night becomes unworkable in the physical sense. However, the stomach is not yet so great as to cause discomfort during sleep. A common phenomenon for this period is convulsions in the legs and hands. Such cramps occur most often at night, to get rid of them, it is worth reviewing your diet and eating more food, rich in calcium. Useful for pregnant products include cottage cheese, cheese, milk and any sour-milk products, almonds, sesame, etc. At 19 weeks of pregnancy, the pressure of the expectant mother is often reduced, which is a consequence of intensive progesterone production, which weakens peripheral vessels.
Iron deficiency anemia or simply reduced hemoglobin level is also a frequent phenomenon that makes itself felt in the second half of pregnancy. Anemia can be explained by increasing the volume of blood in the body, and among the symptoms of the disease is dizziness, fatigue, weakness in the legs, rapid fatigue. To reduce the likelihood of symptoms, pregnant women are advised not to make sudden movements, not to rise from a chair or from a bed too quickly, often to rest. But the very anemia will help to cure the regular use of certain foods and vitamin complexes, which include iron. There are especially serious cases of the disease, in which an ordinary diet simply can not do - in this case, the doctor, based on the results of tests, will prescribe special medications.
By the 19th week of pregnancy, melanin is actively being produced in the body of the woman - it is responsible for the color of the hair, skin and eyes of the baby. The future mother can notice the development of melanin by changing the color of her skin: the nipples become darker, a strip appears on the abdomen, leading from the navel to the perineum, the skin in the underarms and genitals may also darken. Freckles become brighter, and some women have pigmentation on their face. A few months after the birth, all these manifestations will gradually disappear.
At this time, the pregnant woman can observe periodic fever, increased sweating, palpitations and the presence of abundant vaginal discharge. The increase in the size of the fetus at 19 weeks of pregnancy, the increase of amniotic fluid, the growth of the uterus and other factors provoke the appearance of additional kilograms of weight. Normal weight gain at this stage is 250-300 g per week, on average, from the onset of pregnancy, the weight of the expectant mother should increase by 4-6 kg. This indicator may vary slightly in any direction due to the individual characteristics of each woman.
Required tests at week 19 of pregnancy
During the entire period of gestation, the pregnant woman from time to time gives a lot of tests, allowing you to monitor your health and detect deviations in time. At the 19th week of the term, the doctor can send a woman to a scheduled blood test, which will show the level of sugar and hemoglobin. At the same time, a general urine test is given.
To make sure that the pregnancy is proceeding safely, the future mother can check the level of progesterone. If a woman has any problems, for example, hypertension of the uterus, then an analysis on progesterone is mandatory. In order to detect chromosomal abnormalities in a child, a pregnant woman can be screened for HCG.
Ultrasound at week 19 of pregnancy
At the 19th week of the period, a routine ultrasound is performed. During the ultrasound, the doctor examines the child's nasal bone, checks the thickness of the collar zone, examines the fetus for any pathologies, measures its heart rate, checks the motor activity. The doctor evaluates the amount and condition of the amniotic fluid, and also checks the uterine myometrium. By the middle of pregnancy, many parents will recognize the sex of their crumbs, and can also look at his face, which has formed features.
Abdominal condition at week 19 of gestation
The tummy tummy of the future mother is already clearly visible from under the clothes, although its dimensions do not yet provide tangible discomfort. Many pregnant women at this time may feel abdominal pain. The nature and causes of such pains are different, so in order to avoid problems it is important to listen carefully to your body and talk about everything to the doctor.
With the course of pregnancy, the ligaments that hold the uterus undergo constant loading and stretching, which causes the appearance of mild pains on the sides of the abdomen. Such feelings are of a fickle character, appearing during turns, slopes, sharp movements. The uterus has already reached a fairly large size and constantly presses on the navel, which can also cause discomfort.
To pathological pains can be attributed pain associated with hypertension of the uterus. They manifest themselves in the form of constant pulling sensations in the lower back or lower abdomen. Hypertonus - a fairly common phenomenon among pregnant women, which carries a risk of a normal course of the process and in some cases can provoke a threat of miscarriage. Fortunately, this problem is easily identified and treatable.
If at 19 weeks of pregnancy the stomach hurts strongly or constantly, it is necessary to complain immediately to the doctor. Sharp, cutting or cramping pain should also cause concern. The presence of atypical secretions of red, pink, brown, greenish color - an occasion to apply to the hospital as quickly as possible. Noticing the allocation of blood from the genital tract, you need to immediately call an ambulance. With the threat of spontaneous abortion, in many cases pregnancy can be saved if you go to the hospital in time and follow all the recommendations of doctors.
19 week of gestation: allocation of
Discharge during pregnancy is also a significant indicator of the normal course of the process. A woman who has a baby, the discharge may be more abundant than ever, but normally they should be translucent or whitish, slightly dense, homogeneous. Beli can have slightly sour smell, which is also considered the norm. But the discharge of yellow, gray, green or red color is considered abnormal. If the liquid contains clots of mucus, pus, curds or foam - this indicates the presence of any disease or infection of the genital tract. A sure sign of the disease can be considered itching or burning in the vulva and labia.
The most common cause of such manifestations in pregnancy is thrush. Against the background of reduced immunity, which is often observed in this condition, fungi of candidiasis become more active and cause the development of the disease. If the milkwoman is cured in time, it will not cause any harm to the baby, but if the disease is not eliminated before delivery, the child can become infected during the passage of the birth canal.
More dangerous causes of uncharacteristic discharge and discomfort in the perineum may be other diseases: trichomoniasis, chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections. In any case, in the presence of any suspicious phenomena, it is important to complain about your condition to the doctor as soon as possible. Timely detection and elimination of the problem is a guarantee of a normal course of pregnancy and the appearance of a healthy baby.
As mentioned earlier, the most dangerous phenomenon in pregnancy are spotting. They may be slightly pinkish or brownish, and may look like scarlet blood. Often, the discharge of blood from the vagina is not even accompanied by pain in the abdomen, but this state does not tolerate procrastination. Occasionally, spotting may be a consequence of the low location of the placenta, but the most common cause of this phenomenon is the threat of miscarriage.
If spotting appears after sex - this may indicate cervical pathologies, for example, erosion. Based on guesses, it is not necessary to diagnose independently, in any suspicious situations it is better to consult a doctor immediately.
Nutrition at week 19 of pregnancy
A balanced and nutritious diet is the guarantee of the health of any person, especially a pregnant woman. In the diet of the future mother should be present foods rich in proteins, trace elements, vitamins, carbohydrates. Without fat, food can not be called full, however, their amount should be moderate.
The food that the pregnant woman uses must be natural. It is worth to abandon the products containing dyes and a large number of preservatives. Fried in oil, smoked, excessively fatty and spicy food is also prohibited. Do not use excessive amounts of salt, because it detains fluid in the body and promotes the formation of edema. Carbonated drinks can cause gas formation in the intestines and lead to unpleasant pain in the abdomen.
Sweets for pregnant women, in principle, are not harmful, unless they contain the already mentioned dyes and preservatives. However, there is also a need for sweetness with caution, since such food contributes to a set of excess weight, which is quite difficult to get rid of after the birth.
Food is best cooked steamed or baked - so it retains the maximum amount of nutrients and nutrients. Useful for pregnant women is food containing iron and calcium, as well as other vitamins. The diet should be rich in fresh herbs, fruits and vegetables, dried fruits and cereals, low-fat protein products.
19 week of pregnancy, photo: