The birth of a child is an exciting and welcome event for any woman. Up to this point, it is necessary to undergo the process of carrying out the fetus in the length of 9 months and the period of conception, which will determine the beginning of pregnancy. Sometimes the fertilization of the egg is very easy, but often to this important period in life you need to carefully prepare. For a favorable conception of the child, it is necessary to evaluate the age characteristics of the future mother, monitor the diet, get rid of bad habits, control the cycle and lead a correct lifestyle. This will determine how long the process of conceiving a baby will take place.
- Conception of a child: how does the fertilization take place?
- How to identify favorable days for conceiving a child
- How to prepare for the conception of a child?
- How is conception: video
Conception of the child: how does the fertilization of
mature cells in the body of men and women are an in
- Female egg cells, ready for productive function, mature due to hormones in the ovaries that produce the pituitary gland. Active growth of the follicles leads to the release of the oocyte. This process in medicine is called ovulation and is an important stage in the process of conception of the child. In addition, the hormone progesterone, produced by the pituitary gland, is also responsible for maintaining pregnancy by strengthening the vitality of the yellow body.
After ovulation, the egg leaves the follicle and the ovary directly into the abdominal cavity of the mother. There, it enters the funnel of the fallopian tube and moves along it until it enters the spermatic fluid where it meets with a separate sperm and, through the fusion of nuclei, forms a zygote-a new cell containing a complete set of chromosomes, which in the process of development is ready to give birth to any other cell. At this moment, a woman has a feeling of conception, because at that time it is actually considered the point of fertilization, with which pregnancy begins. After the confluence, the zygote begins to actively divide, moving along the fallopian tube through the ciliated epithelium of the mucosa. After 7 days of movement through the fallopian tube, a fertilized egg enters the uterine cavity, where it is attached to one of its walls. It is in this place that embryo development will begin with the help of nutrients, which the newly formed cell will consume from the walls of the uterus. In turn, the uterine mucosa under the influence of a changing hormonal background - becomes loose in structure and rapidly increases in size.
- Sex cells of spermatozoa are formed in the body of a man through hormones. Ripening in the ovary, the spermatozoa pass into the prostate gland through the seminal canals. There they mix with the products of secretion of the prostate and form the sperm, which is involved in the process of fertilization of the egg.
After the male seed enters the female fallopian tubes, they begin to actively advance along the paths inward. It should be noted that this path is not easy, since spermatozoa are not influenced in the best way by the internal factors of the female body, such as hormones, the mucous membrane, the immune system, the cells of the radiant crown and the egg cell. All this must be overcome. Therefore, up to the finish reaches only 10% of the initially found inside the male sperm. According to the confirmed statistics, up to 400 thousand spermatozoa are needed, so that one of them as a result fertilizes one egg. Moving along the fallopian tubes, special sperm enzymes help reduce their walls for deeper and faster progress. In addition, the visual "cap" of the sperm contains special enzymes to overcome the envelope of the egg and the introduction of the inside. The presence of all constituents of enzymes in semen and spermatozoa is mandatory for the successful conception of the child.
Depending on the physiology and hormonal cycles of each partner, maturation of the sex cells can occur at different periods. Important is the coincidence of these moments and the correct preparation for a favorable conception of the child.
How to identify favorable days for conceiving a child
Without doubt, a favorable period for the conception of a child are the days of ovulation of the female egg. If you divide the menstrual cycle into phases, it occurs about 10 - 15 days, depending on the body, after the start of the last menstruation. The most favorable days for conceiving a child is a period - 3 days before the date of immediate ovulation. The remaining 25 to 30 days of the menstrual cycle are considered less productive for conception.
During the ovulation period, the uterus prepares for fertilization, and its shell begins to actively produce mucus. This is for the purpose of easier penetration of spermatozoons into the womb for successful fertilization of the ovum. At the same time, ripened follicles under the action of hormones burst, the egg contained there goes into the uterine tube, and also moves towards the uterus.
- The exact day of the cycle on which conception occurs can be determined not only by counting the menstrual cycle. It is known that ovulation - the release of the ovum from the ovary to the uterus, is accompanied by an increase in the basal body temperature. Her measurement immediately after a dream in the vagina or rectum will help to accurately determine the date of maturation of the egg. It is at this moment that the basal temperature rises to 37 and above, and then falls if conception does not occur.
- In addition, there are also external signs, observing which in conjunction with the calculation of the menstrual cycle, you can determine the favorable days for conception of the child.
- change in secretions: a couple of days before ovulation, the cervix begins to secrete an enzyme of internal secretion, in consistency and color resembling a protein of a raw egg;
- directly on the day of ovulation, the female body feels a number of physiological bells, such as: small pain in the side due to the reduction of the walls of the uterus, swelling of the mammary glands and slight discomfort when touching, and also smearing - premenstrual bloody semitransparent discharge from the vagina.
- Also, the latest achievements of gynecology have invented yet another way of accurately determining the day on which conception is carried out with the help of special testers. Innovative so-called miniature microscopes are based on the analysis of the crystallization of saliva, which determines the more favorable days for conceiving a child. The principle of the test is the measurement of the amount of the same hormone in estrogen in the saliva. The fact is that his level from the first day of the cycle gradually rises in all secrets and is equal to the maximum value exactly on the day the egg leaves the follicle into the uterus. After ovulation, if fertilization does not occur, gradually its level drops to normal, right up to the beginning of a new cycle. According to the studies of gynecologists, the higher the level of the hormone estrogen in the body, the higher the content in the saliva of a female sodium chloride. When dried, this saliva leaves a visible white trace of salt crystallization in the form of fern leaflets that are visible under the microscope. The pronounced nature of such "salt leaves" begins to appear 4 days before the expected date of ovulation and reaches its peak on the day of maturation of the egg, and then abruptly disappears. Correctly using this pattern and inventions of advanced gynecology in the form of stickers-testers of saliva, you can accurately determine the favorable days for conception of the child.
After the ripened egg leaves the follicle starts counting the days when conception can occur - on average the fertilization period is up to 2 days after ovulation. After this, the egg loses its ability to fertilize and menstruation begins. In turn, male spermatozoa remain active and can fertilize the ovum even before 4 days after ejaculation. Therefore, conception through fertilization can occur in the body of a woman for a very limited amount of time: only 2 days after ovulation and 4 days before the maturation of the egg, which in number is only 6 days per cycle. Important for the health and development of the future fetus, is the equal maturity of male and female sex cells, so gynecologists advise as an optimal period for conception to use the first half of these 6 possible days, because on 5 - 6 days, the egg is already aging. Well, the most favorable period for conceiving a child is the first hours after ovulation - up to about 25 hours.
How to prepare for the conception of a child?
It would be good if every couple of future parents took care of the correct conception, prepared for it and was observed by the doctor not only after fertilization, but before him. Nowadays such preparation and attention to this process is not connected with prudence and the desire to do everything right, but with the problems of natural conception. According to statistics, only 20% of pregnant women think about conception before its onset and only 10% of them plan and prepare for it correctly.
There are many objective and subjective factors and myths that affect the fact of conception. According to folk signs, it is read that the future child himself chooses his parents and the time of birth, therefore, model couples are born "right" children and vice versa: careless parents send the child exactly what they deserve. Often attempts to tremble parents to guess and affect the baby's date of birth, his gender and the sign of the zodiac end in complete failure. And improvisation is crowned with unexpected success.
- Determination of blood type and Rh factor of parents.
This is important information, which must be known not only to future parents, but also to each person individually. The difference in the Rh factor of the future mom and dad does not constitute any risk to the fetus, if the woman has a positive, and the man - a negative. In the opposite case: a woman with a negative blood factor and a man with a positive, a situation is likely when a fetus inside the uterus may develop a conflict of Rh factors. This adversely affects the fetus and can lead to a miscarriage - the mother's rejection of the developing zygote, as a foreign body. To prevent this from happening, a prospective mother will need a preliminary examination of the blood and her rhesus before pregnancy and further monitoring by the doctor. In the event of a rhesus conflict, and this happens, the expectant mother is put on observation in the hospital and monitored by gammaglobulin. This antirezusny drug levels the difference, allowing the fetus to develop normally in the body of a woman.
- Evaluation of the immune status and the level of interferon.
The presence of interferon in the human body is responsible for protecting it from various viral infections. In response to active foreign cells, the body produces so-called immunity cells that block the human RNA virus. Thus, the further multiplication of viral tissue and the infection of human cells are suspended. This positive property of the body allows using these features for preparation and planning of pregnancy. Pregnant women with chronic viral infections and autoimmune diseases that lead or can lead to a change in the correct immune response to the fetus are prescribed a series of examinations and constant monitoring during the entire period of gestation.
- examination of the reproductive systems of both spouses for pathology and abnormalities;
- serodiagnosis of the infectious agent to determine the level of activity of the infection process;
- definition and correction of immune and interferon status of the woman's body;
- analysis of the blood clotting system, which, under conditions of an active infection, affects the rejection of a fertilized egg;
- metabolic therapy for both parents.
- Analysis of extragenital pathologies of spouses.
Detection and control of chronic diseases not associated with the generative component of partners. For example, diseases of the cardiovascular system, kidney failure, digestive problems, cancer, etc. Such an analysis reveals the extent of the problem and its possible impact on the correct development of the fetus. In this situation, the doctor will schedule a preparation for pregnancy and a plan for her flow to preserve the fetus and eliminate the side effects of miscarriages.
- Maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
There is nothing better than treatment, like his absence. In order to avoid the occurrence of risks during pregnancy and ensure its proper course, it is best to lead a correct lifestyle. Eat well and saturate your diet with foods rich in fiber and trace elements, expose the body to moderate physical exertion, temper and in the bud to fight infection with the supervision of a doctor, and normalize the psychological background and mental state.
- Folic acid.
This product is one of the most important in the diet of a pregnant woman, because it is used as a prophylaxis for the congenital diseases of a future child. It is recommended to significantly increase the consumption of products with its content 3 months before the expected conception and the same period after fertilization. A large amount of folic acid is found in vegetables: beets, cabbage, carrots;In peas and legumes;Nuts, bran and greens.
- Prevention of frequent foci of diseases.
Ubiquitous foci of inflammation in a future mother - this is the area of the nasopharynx, intestine, oral cavity and vagina. It is necessary to carefully monitor the infectious background in the area of these foci, to carry out regular prevention and diagnosis of inflammations and infections there. Such an approach will reduce the likelihood of your child's post-natal illness with staphylococcus or streptococcus.
- Hormonal contraceptives.
It's not a secret for anyone: if you want to get pregnant, you need to stop using hormonal drugs. But not many people know that conception can occur only after at least 93 days from the moment of the first menstruation after stopping the use of contraceptives. It is from 3 months that the body needs to fully restore the childbearing function, but still the indicator of each woman is individual.
- Alcohol and Conception.
The maturation period of spermatozoa is 2 to 3 months and during this period, if you decide to become pregnant, the future father should not do x-rays and irradiation. Besides. The use of alcohol, although not seriously taken, but greatly affects the conception of healthy offspring. The fact is that alcohol is toxic and affects spermatic fluid in a specific way: it slows down the activity and motility of spermatozoa. In this case, the probability of fertilization of an egg with an insufficiently healthy sperm increases, speaking in medical terms - "freak".The fact is that even in the healthy state of the father, in the spermatic fluid there are always insufficiently strong initially spermatozoa. In the normal state, they are quite slow and the probability of getting them into the uterus is rather small, but in a state of toxic effects of alcohol, everything is possible. Therefore, in order to conceive a healthy and strong offspring, refrain from drinking alcohol for the period of preparation for this event. In a woman, conception under the influence of alcohol can subsequently increase the risk of miscarriage.