Treatment of teeth in children under anesthesia

Treatment of teeth in children under anesthesia

Each child has a fear of the dentist, and the sick tooth and the sound of the operating drill cause a panic attack. Modern technology, progressive medical preparations made a visit to the dental clinic comfortable and safe for young patients. But what is important to know the parents before going to the children's doctor?

Teeth treatment in children under general anesthesia

Inspection by a dentist is an obligatory procedure for children and adults of all ages, since it is a good opportunity to prevent a number of diagnoses and to conduct oral prophylaxis. If you need treatment of baby teeth, do not panic, because with a timely response, the health problem that has arisen will be resolved in the shortest possible time without the special suffering and suffering of the small patient.

What is general anesthesia

Before agreeing to such a procedure, parents should familiarize themselves with the indications and contraindications, exclude side effects for a particular clinical picture. Anesthe

sia is called forced inhibition of the central nervous system, followed by relaxation of muscle mass and slowing down of unconditioned reflexes. The patient falls into deep sleep, while the threshold of pain sensitivity decreases markedly. Such anesthesia is appropriate not only in dentistry, it is also actively used in traumatology and surgery.

Types of anesthesia

Dental treatment in young children in most cases occurs without additional anesthesia, but doctors do not exclude such an effective form of anesthesia, its relevance. In practice, there is a conditional classification of pediatric anesthesia for the most safe and painless surgery to remove a sick tooth or flux. Methods can be non-medicamentous and medicamentous, where in the latter case the following division takes place:

  1. Local anesthesia provides a local effect on the presumed focus of pathology. The patient is injected with anesthetic directly into the field of further surgical manipulation, while he is conscious, lack of immobility of limbs, confusion of thoughts. A small patient clearly understands what is happening to him, what should be the result of the surgical manipulations performed.
  2. General anesthesia. This is a systematic method of anesthesia, which has been widely used in practice for many years. The patient is given a medicine and after 2-3 minutes he falls into a dream, while the susceptibility of an acute pain syndrome sharply decreases. In itself comes only after the completion of surgical manipulation, for a long time does not understand where it is and what happened to it. The consequences of general anesthesia are not the most pleasant for the body, and the rehabilitation period can drag on for several hours, even days.

As for non-drug methods of anesthetic dentistry, in this case we are talking about hypnosis, the list still contains electroanalgesia and audioanalgesia. Sessions are painless, and the final result is achieved due to a purposeful impact on the child's consciousness, think tanks. These sessions are in the experimental stage, they require high professionalism, so in practice they are used extremely rarely.

How the teeth are treated under general anesthesia

After the diagnosis and collection of the history data, the physician is determined with the operation, clarifies the nuances concerning effective analgesia. Select anesthesia in the treatment of teeth is not particularly difficult, most importantly - to determine the order of action, the duration of surgical manipulation and the characteristics of the child's body. If the anesthesia is superficial, after a successful removal of the aching tooth, general anesthesia does not cause harm. In this case, premedication is shown, that is, preliminary taking of hypnotics, tranquilizers.

Teeth treatment in children under general anesthesia is performed in the presence of an anesthesiologist and his assistant. Before the beginning of the operation, it is required to quickly enter an anesthetic, while monitoring the patient's arterial pressure, pulse and respiratory system status. It can be an intravenous anesthesia or an oxygen mask, but in the first case it comes at least in the course of intensive therapy.

Teeth treatment for children under sedation is the use of local inhalers on the basis of an anesthetic mixture of ZAKS.First, the patient receives pure oxygen, after which nitrous oxide appears in his composition. Sedation causes muscle relaxation, a good mood, a feeling of increased drowsiness and emotional carelessness. The child is conscious, but all inner fears and experiences are receding into the background.

Consequences of

After anesthesia treatment, the condition of a small patient depends entirely on the choice of anesthesia. If an oxygen mask and superficial anesthesia are used, then there are no postoperative complications, and the child immediately after the end of surgical manipulation returns to his habitual way of life, nutrition.

When treating a patient's teeth is under general anesthesia, among complications doctors are afraid of the risk of lung inflammation, thrombosis, cerebral stroke and myocardial infarction. Local reactions, represented by an allergic rash, hives and itching of the skin are not excluded. Trouble also occurs during the exit of a small patient from a state of trance.

Contraindications

Teeth treatment in young children under anesthesia is not allowed for all patients, the restrictions apply to the following clinical pictures:

  • intolerance to anesthesia;
  • diabetes;
  • bronchial asthma;
  • myocardial defects;
  • pneumonia;
  • disturbed blood circulation;
  • iron deficiency anemia;
  • weight restrictions;
  • is the main disease of the relapse stage.

Cost of treatment for

Many puzzled parents ask how much will total anesthesia for a sick child in extensive dental practice? It is difficult to answer this question unambiguously, since the final price of dental treatment depends entirely on the choice of the clinic, the specific indications for the procedure and the name of the analgesic itself. On average, the prices vary between 1500-6000 rubles.

Video about dental treatment in a child under mask anesthesia

Reviews

Irina, 31: I am often asked the same question: how much is dental treatment under general anesthesia? It all began with the fact that a couple of months ago the youngest doctor had been uncovered by the doctors using the anesthetizing flux, and then anesthesia cost me 3000 rubles. The child had long recovered from such an unconscious state, but complications for children's health did not follow.

Maria, 25 years old: My daughter was given an oxygen mask before removing her aching tooth. I thought that hysterics would begin in the office, but throughout the procedure she behaved calmly, slightly grunting his unpleasant sensations. But, apparently, it is possible to suffer, since she has been panically afraid of toothache since her early childhood. After the end of the session, she quickly recovered.

Yana, 34: We were in dentistry last spring with acute pain. When the doctor examined my child, he no longer doubted that the tooth should be urgently removed. I agreed to sedation, although I feared that it was a weak painkiller. As a result, the son staunchly withstood the whole procedure, and then told me that the tooth was not at all painful. So I'm very grateful to the qualified doctors.

Teeth treatment in children under anesthesia