- 1. WHO Recommendations
- 2. How to introduce complementary foods?
- 3. What products to choose?
- 4. What does Dr. Komarovsky recommend?
- 5. Some more tips from Dr. Komarovsky
Some doctors believe that feeding a baby can completely replace the breast, and mother's milk is only a minor addition to the baby's diet. Nevertheless, it is known that even small portions of mother's milk are very important for the child. First of all, it affects the immune system. Women's milk contains useful substances necessary for the child, precisely in the combination and in the quantities that are most conducive to its development. During the introduction of complementary foods, breastfeeding can be restored if it has been interrupted for one reason or another.
The World Health Organization recommends that the entire first year of a child's life be fed with breast milk, and when the child reaches the age of 6 months, the lure is gradually introduced. Breastfeeding is necessary for the baby and after a year, since the formation of immunity and the central nervous system, especially the brain, requires substances contained in human milk.
WHO advice on complementary feeding:
- Breast milk - first. During the introduction of complementary foods, you can again switch from breast formulas to breastfeeding. To supplement it follows porridges and vegetable purees.
- The timing of the introduction of complementary foods is also very important. It is believed that supplements to milk can begin to be given from 4-5 months, but WHO recommends not to feed the baby to 6 months.
- It is very important to monitor the health of the child, the adequacy of his development. Lure should be introduced when the child himself starts to look for new taste sensations, with pleasure tries unfamiliar food. Feeding a child with new products is not forced by force - this can lead to the baby becoming ill, will cry at the beginning of feeding.
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How to introduce complementary foods?
Babies who are on artificial or mixed feeding, lure injected a little earlier than those who suck only mother's milk - from 5-5.5 months. Normally, a 5-month-old baby does not have enough of those nutrients that are contained in the formula, but adding new foods to the diet of children who suffer from allergies, were sick or born prematurely, should be cautious and somewhat later. Special attention should be paid to:
- The choice of the product from which the lure begins, is very important for the health of the baby. Children who have the gastrointestinal tract working normally, as a first extra dish, receive vegetable puree. It is recommended to give mashed potatoes to those children who have a tendency to constipation. If the child falls behind in weight, then it is better not to start with vegetable puree, but with porridge. Porridge is recommended as an additional food and to those kids, who often have a stomachache, there is a loose stool.
- Lunch time. It is very important to choose the right time for complementary foods. It is best to give it in the middle of the day, this will allow to follow the reaction of the child to a new product.
- You need to start lure with just one product, the first time you can give no more than a teaspoon. Then the amount of complementary foods is increased, but not more than 2 times compared with the previous day. Up to the recommended amount, the amount of complementary foods is reported per week. If there is no negative reaction of the body, you can enter a second product of the same type: another vegetable or a new crop.
- The second type of complementary foods should be introduced in a month. Accordingly, if the baby receives cereal, in a month you can start to give him a vegetable puree. A child receiving vegetables is given a porridge in a month.
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Which products to choose?
When adding vegetables or fruits to a child's menu, it is best to use seasonal fruits. Vegetables and fruits should not only be washed, but soaked for 1 hour in cold water to remove the nitrates contained in them. Mums, who do not have time for cooking, can recommend baby purees in the form of canned food and ready-made cereals.
The combination of small portions of complementary foods and breast milk ensures that the body receives all the necessary nutrients.
The amount of the product that the baby should receive is increasing from month to month. Some foods such as fruit puree should not be given to a baby until 7 months. Milk porridge and fish are recommended to children from the age of ten months. The tables below show products suitable for babies from 6 to 8 months and from 9 months to a year.
Table 1. 6 - 8 months:
|products g / Age||6||7||8|
|Vegetables||10 - 120||120||150|
Table 2. 9-12 months:
|Products, g / Age||9||10||11||12|
|Porridge without dairy||200|
|Porridge of milk||200||200||200|
|Yolk||0,25||0.25 0.5 0.5|
|Cottage cheese, yogurt||10-30||50||100||200|
|crackers, baby biscuits||5||5||10||10|
As can be seen from the table, with age increases not only the number of allowable feeding, but also food variety. One-year-old child can be replaced by additional products 3 days of feeding, but in the end it is better to give the breast, so that the kid drinks the lure. It is useful for my mother if she wants to keep lactation and continue breastfeeding for a while.
What recommends Dr. Komorowski?
Renowned pediatrician Dr. Komarovsky recommends that children who are breastfed with complementary feeding starting products that are similar in composition to human milk.
With mixed feeding, Dr. Komarovsky also recommends to stop his choice of fermented lactation, as the combination of breast and artificial milk overloads the pancreas and liver of the child.
The order of introduction of complementary foods, recommended by Dr. Komarovsky:
- The first time before breastfeeding, offer the baby 2-3 teaspoons kefir. Kefir should be preheated a little, its temperature should be slightly above room temperature. Then continue breastfeeding.
- The next day, the amount of kefir can be increased to 4-5 spoonfuls, then supplement the baby with breast milk or a mixture. Give kefir better at the beginning of feeding - after eating milk, the baby can give up the unusual food.
- On the third day, you can give the baby 40 to 60 ml of kefir. To feed the child it is necessary from a spoon, it is better not to accustom it to suck the lure from a bottle.
- On day 4, complementary foods can be complicated by adding 1 or 2 teaspoons of cottage cheese, but only if no negative reaction to kefir is observed. Particular attention should be paid to the chair.
- On day 5, without changing the amount of yogurt, the amount of cottage cheese can be brought to 30 grams. After the lure is eaten, you can feed the child with milk or milk formula, but you must not force it.
- At the end of the week( on the 6-7th day) the amount of complementary foods increases to 150-170 g. This amount is sufficient to completely replace one feeding.
Another feeding is replaced with lure next week. After that, additional nutrition is introduced in accordance with the complementary feeding scheme by months. A few more tips
Introduction initially fermented foods helps the body of the child to adapt more quickly to the new food, besides yogurt and cottage cheese to improve the intestinal flora, which is beneficial to the digestive tract work in the future, with the introduction of other types of complementary foods. It should not be started in 4 months to give the baby fruit juice, it is harmful to the gastrointestinal tract.
Now the so-called "pedagogical lure", in which the mother puts the child with her at the table, has become fashionable and allows him to try those dishes that he eats, and to which the child showed interest. This method is used if breastfeeding lasts up to 2 or 3 years and is permissible after a year. Dr. Komarovsky believes this method is absolutely safe, but sees no need for it.
At the age of 9 months to 1 year 3 months in the diet of the child can include meat broth as the basis for soups and vegetable purees. Broth should not be diluted, but all fat from it must be removed.