- 1. Causes of the disease
- 2. Symptoms at different ages
- 3. How can the disease develop in a baby?
- 4. What is the reason for contacting a doctor?
- 5. How does the doctor diagnose an autism?
- 6. How is autism treated?
Autism is a mental illness that manifests its first signs after the birth of a child up to three years. It dough is associated with the adaptation of the baby in the society, its subsequent implementation.
The causes of autism in children are genetic features. The hereditary factor plays a decisive role. The risk of developing autism in a newborn child is high if someone from close relatives has suffered from such a disease. Autism is provoked by a gene failure, resulting in a violation of synaptic connections in the brain.
. In addition, the development of autistic conditions in a baby can be caused by external factors. The risk factor is pregnancy, which occurs with complications, or the development of severe illnesses in a woman during the period of gestation.
Until recently, the vaccination of babies in the hospital and during the first year of life was considered a widespread version explaining the occurrence of childhood autism. Today this theory is considered erroneous and the connection between vaccinations and autism is completely refuted by specialists.
Symptoms at different ages
Autism in children is characterized by many signs and symptoms, the disease can manifest itself in various forms. Diagnosing autism in infants is a difficult task. The first exciting signs parents notice by the end of 1 year. Accordingly, for a consultation with a doctor, the baby falls not in the first month of life, but at the age of one. It is difficult to determine autism in newly born babies, but there is a list of certain signs and some behavioral characteristics that should be treated with attention:
- the appearance of unusual gestures or completely missing gestures;
- delayed response of the child to external stimuli or completely detached behavior during communication with people;
- no walking or his late appearance.
Up to 3 years, a true autist should show more pronounced and noticeable symptoms:
- little does not talk;
- uses a limited set of words during conversations;
- in the speech is dominated by vowel sounds;
- the kid avoids games where it is required to show imagination and initiative;
- there is a clear feeling that the child is in a different dimension.
As a rule, autism, manifested in a baby in the first few years after birth, retains its symptoms throughout life. Manifestations of autism can be mitigated if regular medical measures are taken. Autistic disorders in children can manifest themselves with the onset of the school-learning process, in the absence of a marked symptomatology of the disorder at the beginning of life.
How can the disease develop in a baby?
It is impossible to determine the disease by one symptom. Experts diagnose a mental deviation of this species only on the basis of a whole complex of symptoms, which have a bright manifestation in the child. To establish autism, the baby should have a pronounced specific behavior:
- broken relationship of the child with the people who surround him;
- a child's lack of social ties;
- stereotyped behavior, limited interests.
It is rare for an autistic child to exhibit nutritional selectivity, but many healthy children are also very picky in eating, so it's impossible to make a diagnosis based only on this symptom.
While the provoking factors of child autism are few and they are the same for all, the disease has many different manifestations. Some children with this diagnosis have a high degree of intellectual development and phenomenal memory with a complete lack of social adaptation. For other children, a characteristic sign of autism is the inability to perceive and assimilate any information.
Often, autistic children are very smart and are excellent at school, while completely shielding themselves from communicating with classmates. It is interesting that children suffering from this disorder often have unique mental abilities, they are more gifted than ordinary people. According to statistics, there are many more geniuses among autistics than among healthy ones.
What is the reason for going to the doctor?
Parents who suspect a child of having autism should be alerted in the following situations:
- at 6 months. The child does not smile, the facial motion of the facial muscles is absent;
- at 9 months. Do not repeat the expression of their faces behind the parents;
- at 12 months. Do not start babbling, utter the first words;
- at 18 months. Does not say a word;
- in 24 months. Do not make simple phrases from several words.
How does the doctor diagnose an autism?
Typically, the diagnosis of pediatric pediatric autism is established.
How is autism treated?
Since an accurate diagnosis of autism can be established at the age of 2 - 2.5 years, the first treatment measures begin to be carried out during this period by a children's neurologist. This mental disorder manifests itself from birth - if the mother noticed the first symptoms of autism in her baby over the age of five, this can only talk about her carelessness and neglect to the health of the child.
Modern medicine does not have universal special techniques that could allow a radical influence on the course of the course of the disease. In this regard, the treatment plan is always made individually, taking into account all the nuances in a particular case.
Autism can be corrected by three main methods:
- method of family therapy;
- the psychological way of correction;
- method of correction of behavioral deviations.
Auxiliary correctional technique is physical education. Special exercises are designed to help a little person learn to control their body. The main task of close people during this period is emotional support of the child, parents should try to establish a special emotional connection with their baby.
The complex treatment of an autistic child may include special dietary nutrition and drug therapy. Reception of sedatives is often prescribed in the case of a child's tendency to self-torture. Help physiotherapists and speech therapists in many cases is irreplaceable. And the psychological support of specialists corrects behavioral disorders. Adequate complex therapy helps the autistic child to acquire the necessary social communication skills and to adapt in society.