The regime of the child's day in kindergarten: the schedule of classes, sleep and nutrition in the kindergarten

Contents of

  • 1. Why should I follow the mode?
  • 2. Features of the mode in the kindergarten
  • 3. Power mode in the garden
  • 4. Approximate daily routine in the ordinary DOS
    • 4.1. Classes in the morning
    • 4.2. Walking and daytime sleep
    • 4.3. Afternoon

A distinctive feature of each preschool institution is the schedule. The regime of the day in kindergarten is made according to a clear schedule, up to minutes. Any delay can lead to the child getting out of the established schedule. Many parents may doubt the advisability of such strict observance of the procedure of actions, considering this as a kind of restriction of freedom for the baby, but specialists, including pediatricians, neurologists and nutritionists, insist on the obvious benefit of such regime, reinforcing their position with different facts.

Classes in kindergarten Classes in kindergarten are held strictly according to the

mode. Why should I follow the regime?

According to doctors, the r

egime in kindergarten, which consists in the daily repetition of activities at the same time, contributes to the formation of stable mental and physiological health in children. For example, one of the main reasons that doctors associate with the appearance of rickets or scarlet fever is the violation of the regime. The downed plot in turn leads to deviations in the course of metabolic processes in the body and to a decrease in its resistance to infections.

All mothers are familiar with the situation when a child does not want to go to bed during the day. However, such a pass for daytime rest can provoke a different kind of nervous disorders. While the baby sleeps, the cells of his brain are restored, and the perception of new information improves. If the crumb did not get enough sleep, and he was loaded with lessons or a bright emotional event happened to him, all this can lead to the development of hyperactivity and various tics.

In addition, nutritionists and nutrition specialists from the University of Chicago have drawn conclusions that failure to follow the sequence of actions and their time frame in kindergarten and home is fraught with obesity. As a result, because of a lack of sleep, there is an incorrect distribution of hormones such as ghrelin and leptin, which increases the child's appetite.

The only specialists who are not supporters of the daily routine in the kindergarten institution are psychologists. In their opinion, if to force and impose another's will on the child, it will only suppress his individuality.
Obesity in a child Scientists came to the conclusion that lack of sleep and absence of the regime of the day provokes obesity in children

However, from a psychological point of view, one can find facts in favor of the regime. For example, due to its observance, the ordering and training of the baby is in order, which helps him to adapt more quickly in the kindergarten. When the child finds himself in new conditions for himself, then performing the same actions according to the schedule, he is liberated, because he knows that after lunch there will be a dream, followed by classes, after which one of the relatives will come.

Features of the regime in the kindergarten

Naturally, children can not immediately adjust to an unusual regime, which is adhered to in the kindergarten, so parents are advised to accustom the crumbs of the house at the same time before entering the chosen institution. You can familiarize with it on the site of the future DOW or in its educational program. The standard schedule for all DOWs is calculated for 12 hours, which the child spends in preschool. Sometimes the manager can make certain small adjustments to the schedule in accordance with the geographical location and climate. However, the basic provisions concerning the time limits of sleep, occupation and wakefulness remain as they are indicated in Sanitary and Epidemiological Regulations and SanPiN Norms 2.4.1.2660 - 10.

The main nuances of the schedule in kindergartens are listed below:

  • Taking into account the age characteristics of children for their harmonious development. Active activity of children aged 3 to 7 years should not exceed 5.5-6 hours in duration, up to 3 years - according to medical regulations.
Period of activity in the kindergarten The period of activity in the kindergarten corresponds to the age norms of children
  • The allowed educational load per week for preschool children, including also additional classes: for younger groups that are attended by children under 4 years of age, the volume is a maximum of 11 lessons, in middle groups with children under 5 years -12, in senior groups with five-year plans - 15, and in preparatory groups with children up to 7 years - 17 lessons.
  • Time of the year. For warm and cold seasons there are two separate modes. The main difference between them is that when on the street heat educators meet kids in the fresh air, and not in the room, and most of the wakefulness and physical activity also takes place on the street.

Diet

in the garden in front of the kindergarten staff, who are responsible for the feeding schedule, there is a following task: cooking, advance placement dishes hot and cold, so they cool down, after which the supply without delay the second and third.

The following table shows how the graph looks like the power in the majority of pre-school institutions such as:

Time Eating Possible dishes on the menu
8:30 Breakfast Hot dish( porridge / casserole or other dish of cottage cheese / egg dish), sandwichand drink
10:00 Brunch drink( juice or compote) with fruit or without them
12:00 Lunch first course( soup / soup), a second( plus garnish meat or fish dish), appetizer( salad /Vegetables), a drink( jelly or compote)
15:00 Snack Drink( milk / yogurt / tea / juice) and confection
18:00 Dinner dishes of meat, fish, vegetables, cheese, salads and hot drinks in the garden
Eating in the garden Food makes up for the lack of vitamins and minerals, its energy value calculated exactly

Approximate daily routine in the usual DOS

The daily routine in the kindergarten consists of:

  • diet, namely, the time and quantity of meals;
  • daytime sleep;
  • walks;
  • of children's reception time;
  • games and activities.

Teachers take the children to the garden from the time they start working until 8 in the morning. The period, while reception lasts, is the time of independent games in the group's premises or on the site in the warm season. Before breakfast, the time from 8.00 to 8.20 / 8.30 is reserved for morning exercises with a tutor or a physician and to prepare for breakfast.

Classes in the morning

Beginning with 9.00, children classes, aimed at, so that they learn about the world, develop their language skills and are familiar with the basics of mathematics. Teachers are responsible for conducting classes. They must prescribe the plan of activity in advance in order to meet the time allotted for this. In addition to the teacher with the kids, a muzrabotnik and a sportsman can also be engaged.

Music lessons In the first half of the day, children may have music lessons or physical training workout

addition to the usual group lessons children can attend 2 times a week, swimming pool, if any. In senior and preparatory groups also organize additional sessions with a speech therapy, in which children train their speech. Only the teacher-speech therapist is obliged to conduct them.

The length and number of sessions depends on the age range. For pre-school children, 2 lessons per day, one before bed, the other after. In the middle group the teacher deals with the kids twice a day for a total of 10 hours. In older preschool children, the number of classes increases to three, and their duration also increases.

There must be mandatory breaks between lessons, when the guys rest and move. This is the only way to keep the child's activity and cognitive ability throughout the day.

Walking and daytime sleep

After classes are over and the children receive a second breakfast, it's time to walk. In a manger, the walk begins earlier than in other groups, and therefore ends earlier, and the children dine in them, respectively, the very first. Since the nursery children go to the nursery group in 2-3 years, taking into account the peculiarities of the small organism, the waking time is shortened, and the daytime sleep becomes longer.

With age, the period of activity in the child is growing, thereby the body of the crumbs is gradually preparing for the school and the regime in it. In the middle group walks usually last till 11.30-11.50, and in the preparatory - up to 12.15-12.30.After returning from the street, the guys are waiting for lunch and daytime sleep. The room where the children sleep, must be pre-ventilated, and the beds are prepared for bed. The smallest go to bed at 12.30, the very same senior at 13.00-13.15.

Daytime sleep Daytime sleep helps restore the strength of the child

Afternoon

The time of recovery in kindergarten in all groups is the same. Children are woken up at 15.00, followed by their washing, dressing and snack. In the junior groups, after that, the second general educational activity is conducted, in the middle and senior for the children comes the time of independent games, reading, cartoons or visiting the circles that are available in the institution.

The evening meal time may vary depending on the set mode. Having supper, kids usually go again to walk on street where parents begin to come to them gradually. In winter, the second walk does not last long, so the children are taken home in the group's premises.

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