The pancreas is the most important organ involved in digestive processes. It is in second place in size and significance after the liver. Those who do not know where the pancreas is and how it hurts are happy people. This means that they have no problems with this part of the body. Before this body, there are two main tasks, the violation of which leads to the failure of the whole organism:
- Isolation of enzymes that break down proteins, fats, carbohydrates.
- The production of insulin, which helps to get glucose into the cells.
Pancreas location in humans
The location of the pancreas is clearly visible in the photo below. The organ is behind the stomach, so it is difficult to feel it during a primary examination. The front surface is adjacent to the stomach, and the posterior surface to the spine and aorta. The head in the lower part of the pancreas borders on the duodenum. Enzymes enter it through the ducts. These substances accelerate the digestion of food. If there is a shortage
Body dimensions and causes of its changes
The pancreas has an elongated shape. The length is 16-17 centimeters, and the width is 2-4 centimeters. There are three parts: the head, the main body and the tail. It can be greatly increased. This happens for various reasons:
- is a stressful situation;
- the raised body weight;
- improper power supply;
- pathology of neighboring organs;
- bad habits - alcohol and smoking;
- age changes;
- diabetes mellitus.
The main causes and mechanism of the development of diseases
The most common pancreatic diseases are acute, reactive and very common chronic pancreatitis. In addition, diabetes and cancer. What are the causes of the disease? These include:
- alcohol abuse;
- is an inflammation of the liver;
- consumption of fatty, fried, spicy food;
- is an inflammation or blockage of gallstones by the stones of the ductal region;
- endocrine diseases;
- abdominal trauma;
- of duodenal disease;
- prolonged use of drugs, for example, antibiotics.
With persistent inflammation of the pancreas, ducts are blocked and the secret is released. The liquid is not excreted into the duodenum. The body of the pancreas is eaten from the inside. In this case, the liquid flows to neighboring organs. This destroys the surrounding tissue. There are pancreonecrosis, suppuration. The problem is that the aorta is next to it. Damage to this large vessel leads to severe bleeding.
How the pancreas hurts: symptoms
About where the pancreas is and how bad it hurts, it becomes clear after the holidays. Abundant, fatty, smoked or spicy food leads to bouts. Alcohol further exacerbates the situation. What are the symptoms of the disease? What are the signs of the disease of this organ? These include:
- severe pain at the top of the abdomen;
- alternating constipation with diarrhea;
- bloating, rumbling of the abdomen;
- severity after eating;
- yellowing of the skin;
Pain occurs in the body to the left or right - this depends on the site of the lesion of the gland. With violations in the body or tail, it is felt on the left or gives back. To be ill will be in the right hypochondrium when the head of the organ is inflamed. Increased pain when taking acidic, fatty, spicy food. Can be transmitted to the waist or under the shoulder blade. It is important to pay attention to these symptoms in women during pregnancy. Hormonal changes often lead to exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis. This increases the risks for the development of the child. Urgent need to see a doctor, the appointment of treatment.
Diagnosis of diseases
Unfortunately, pancreatic diseases are difficult to diagnose in the early stages. At this time there are no pronounced symptoms. Although, under the condition of early detection of the disease, the treatment started does not translate the inflammation into a chronic form. There are such diagnostic methods as clinical, laboratory and instrumental. They allow to determine the features of the development of the disease. Thanks to this, doctors make an accurate diagnosis.
At the clinical method the doctor examines the patient, talks with him. Based on this, a preliminary diagnosis is made. This is not always objective, because often the signs of pancreatic diseases are similar to the symptoms of other diseases. For clarification appoint a laboratory diagnosis. These are blood and urine tests. The presence of enzymes in them gives clarity to the situation.
Instrumental methods include ultrasound examination, but more informative is computed tomography. Both of these methods examine the anatomical features of the pancreas:
- define contours;
- dimensions, density;
- flow diameter;
- presence of inflammation and cysts;
- presence of stones;
- the existence of tumors.
Treatment of pancreatic diseases
What if the pancreas hurts and there are all the symptoms of the disease? First of all, consult a doctor. Such symptoms can also occur in other diseases. You will be given tests and examinations. As a result, the doctor decides how to treat the disease. Tell you about how to maintain a diet. In more detail, than to treat, what medicines to take. It can be enzymes and pills for pain. Do not self-medicate. Medicines must be prescribed by a doctor. He also prescribes to do blood tests for enzymes and ultrasound examination.
How to cure the pancreas? This can only be done if the disease has not been triggered and irreversible changes have occurred in the tissues. But in time and correctly appointed treatment is not all. Much depends on the actions of the patient himself. You must strictly follow the diet. There are five times a day. From food to remove fatty, fried foods, alcohol. It is not desirable to eat sweet, floury. The food should be low-calorie. The diet should contain:
- lean meat, poultry;
- sour-milk products;
- fruit other than citrus fruit;
- porridge on milk;
- slimy soups.
At home, apply and treatment with herbs. Very good help infusion of chamomile, burdock. Tea from dandelion and treatment with a golden mustache contribute to the improvement of the condition. Propolis, honey, potato juice are used. Why is it advisable to coordinate the treatment with folk remedies with the attending physician? Simply applying these techniques has many contraindications. And only the doctor will determine what is right for you.
Good results are obtained by treatment with oatmeal, which is drunk every day. For preparation it is necessary: Pour 1 kg of oat flakes with 3 liters of water.
Video: why the pancreas hurts and what to do
If you have not found the answers to all the questions about the pancreas, then watch the video to see clearly and find out where the pancreas is and how bad it hurts. You will hear the recommendations of professional doctors about what to do. What enemies, in the form of improper food, bad habits contribute to the development of diseases. Find out what functions the pancreas performs. Visual models of the organs will make it possible to see and understand:
- is the location of the pancreas;
- why cholelithiasis contributes to the development of pancreatitis;
- how the disease progresses;
- why pancreatonecrosis develops;
- what circumstances contribute to the development of cancer.