When the season of infectious diseases comes, it's time to think about how to protect yourself from this dangerous complication of the disease during the epidemic. Some have a tradition to make a vaccine every year with the whole family. This vaccination is shown to adults and children with half a year. However, there is a group of people to whom it is contraindicated.
Vaccination against influenza - for and against
Annual vaccination has both supporters and opponents. Some immunologists believe that the flu vaccine is a useless procedure, which is undermined by the already weakened immunity to autumn and winter. In their view, protecting themselves from one disease, a person opens up for a whole bunch of pathologies. The association of pediatricians on the contrary believes that vaccination against influenza is necessary for children without fail, especially to a child under 5 years of age. As for the complications that everyone is afraid of, modern vaccines, for example, Grippol Plus, do not
Vaccination against influenza in children
The most dangerous complication of SARS is pneumonia. Often internal organs suffer, arachnoiditis develops( brain damage).If the course of the disease starts and proceeds very quickly, then there are deadly outcomes. Children to develop complications are more likely, because their immunity is still imperfect. Vaccination against influenza for children gives an excellent opportunity to protect from this virus fully. Indications for vaccination are:
- babies from 6 months;
- often ill with ARI and weakened children;
- chronic respiratory diseases;
- affection of the hematopoietic organs;
- pathology of the cardiovascular system;
- kidney disease.
Vaccination against influenza in pregnant women
The mother will also be vaccinated against influenza. Anti-influenza measures will help to avoid a woman's otitis, bronchitis and pneumonia. The most serious complication is miscarriage. Infection affects the health of the fetus, especially in the early stages, when the child's organs are formed. Vaccination against influenza in pregnant women is needed, because during this period the woman's immunity is weakened, and the disease is very difficult. A child gets immunity from a vaccinated mother for at least six months. According to pediatricians, vaccination of a pregnant woman reduces by 63% the risk of contracting ARVI in a baby.
Where to get the vaccine against the flu
Vaccinate in a hospital or a polyclinic at the place of residence. Additional vaccinations are easily done in private clinics that have a permit for this procedure. Children are given a vaccine in the school or in the medical office of the kindergarten. At large enterprises workers are vaccinated free of charge in specially equipped premises. In commercial medical organizations, vaccination against influenza can be done on a paid basis( the price depends on the type of vaccine).
When to get a flu shot
The season of infectious diseases falls at the beginning of the cold period in November, December).In September-October, you should consult a doctor for examination and approval of vaccination. If there are no contraindications, then the vaccine is done intramuscularly or subcutaneously. In the first version, the drug is injected into the deltoid muscle, in the second - into the subscapular region. Children can be vaccinated against the flu intranasally with aerosol.
Influenza vaccine - side effects of
Not everyone has a positive reaction to an influenza vaccine. Sometimes vaccination can cause side effects. This happens if the specialist did not take into account contraindications or if the vaccination was incorrectly introduced. Blame may be poor quality vaccine, broken conditions of storage or transportation, the patient's acceptance of alcohol before the introduction of the drug. Side effects of flu shots:
- weakness, drowsiness;
- muscle pain;
- nasal congestion, runny nose;
- allergy at the site of injection;
- high temperature;
- anaphylactic shock( extremely rare).
Complications after vaccination against influenza in adults
The consequences of vaccination are also not always positive. Although more than one hundred research institutes around the world are observing pathogens in order to detect mutations in strains and improve the composition of biological agents in time, but complications after vaccination against influenza in adults sometimes occur. Infectionists know that 100% determine what the virus will be in the next season can not, so warn that the vaccine may be accompanied by such harmful symptoms as:
- swelling of the lymph nodes;
- short syncope;
- cooling of the feet, hands;
- development of neurological diseases.
Complications after vaccination against influenza in children
All parents are interested in the question of how dangerous the consequences of vaccination can be for children's health. Judging by the opinions of the doctors, negative manifestations arise only when the contraindications of the injected child have not been taken into account. If the baby does not have health problems, then the vaccine will act as intended for prevention without any negative reactions. Complications after vaccination against influenza in children may be as follows:
- appearance of redness or swelling at the injection site;
- sharp drop in blood pressure;
- weakness, drowsiness;
- Persistent sore throat, pharyngitis;
- is a mild cough.
With such body reactions, the child should be given an antipyretic and anti-inflammatory drug. If there is an allergy, then you need antiallergic drugs. For 10 days the baby should not be taken to crowded places and given antiviral medicines. Such actions help the child not to get sick, and form active immunity for the whole season against other infectious patients.
Vaccination against influenza - contraindications
According to the reviews of those people who are vaccinated annually, this procedure brings great health benefits and improves immunity. However, there are contraindications to vaccination against influenza. According to the instruction, it can not be set if the following conditions are present in a person:
- blood pathology;
- hypersensitivity to previous vaccination;
- chronic inflammation of the respiratory system;
- kidney disease;
- bronchial asthma;
- heart failure;
- is an allergy to chicken protein.
The most popular vaccine rating is Grippol Plus. The drug is used for children and pregnant women, has a minimum of side effects and contraindications. The vaccine was created by Russian scientists on the basis of living material - a virus grown on a chicken embryo. At a price the drug is much lower than its imported counterparts. The average cost of the most popular influenza vaccines:
Name of the drug
Price / rub.