Contents of the article
- 1 Contents of the article
- 1 Why yellow sods arise
- 2 Treatment for yellow discharge from the nose
- 2.1 What procedures can be prescribed for
- 2.2 Medication
- 2.3 Folk methods
Sopli are yellow when leukocytes die andNeutralize pathogenic bacteria on the nasal mucosa and nasopharynx. Color saturation indicates a larger accumulation of dead cells. And the density can indicate both the inflammatory process, and the lack of moisture, the drying of mucous membranes.
Why does the yellow snot arise?
What are the causes of the formation of yellow secretions?
- Recovery. If the child has had an acute respiratory infection, influenza, another viral infection, at the final stage the snot from the liquid turns into thick. Their shade may be different: cloudy white, white, green or yellow. Such discharges go well, do not accumulate, do not obstruct nasal breathing, and usuallygo away in a few days.
- Chronic inflammation, complication after SARS. A protracted runny nose in a child with secretions of any color should alert. If the baby snot lasts more than two weeks, and the discharge becomes more vivid( yellow or green), you should consult an otolaryngologist. The most common complications after the acute respiratory infections are inflammation of the paranasal sinuses( sinusitis), middle ear( otitis), adenoids( adenoiditis).Yellow, brownish color can talk about purulent discharge. If the blood mucus regularly appears in the mucus, this can indicate a neglected form of sinusitis.
- Allergic reaction. Usually with allergy of discharge from the nose transparent and liquid. In rare cases, there are yellow or white snot. With an allergic rhinitis, they will not be thick.
Treatment for yellow discharge from the nose
How to treat yellow snot in a child? The treatment scheme depends on the diagnosis. But you need to start with prevention and proper care in ARVI.Acute rhinitis can easily pass into a long, chronic form, if the ill child will drink little and breathe hot, dusty, dry air. This is an important part of the "treatment" that parents should take care of. It is possible that the yellow snot will end with ARVI, and no medication will be needed.
What procedures can be prescribed for
In viral, bacterial, fungal rhinitis, as well as inflammation of the paranasal sinuses and adenoids, nasal lavages are prescribed. In acute rhinitis, they are necessary to prevent complications. With sinusitis and adenoiditis - disinfect mucous nasal passages and nasopharynx. But the most important function of washing is moistening of the mucosa and dilution of sputum. What means are used for washing with nozzles of any color and consistency?
- Saline solutions. The easiest way is to get saline in the pharmacy and use a syringe( without a needle) to wash the nose with the child. You can apply drugs in the form of a spray: "Aqua Maris", "Aqualor", "Salin", "Physiomer".
- Decoctions of medicinal herbs. They are prepared on the basis of herbs, which have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory effect. Usually used: calendula, sage, chamomile, mother-and-stepmother, St. John's wort, lime blossom, oregano, yarrow and other herbs.
- Pharmacy antiseptics. They can be in different dosage forms: solutions, infusions, sprays. Most often, for disinfection of nasal passages in children's otorhinolaryngology, use Miramistin, Furacilin, Chlorophyllipt, and also prescribe the spray Octensept.
After washing and thorough cleansing of the nasal passages, therapeutic nasal drops are applied.
What precautions should be taken?
- Yellow snot in a newborn and infants is not treated by rinsing, oily solutions. Babies can only drip solutions and clean the nose with cotton wool.
- Children under 3 years of age are prohibited from nasal sprays.
- With a blocked nose, rinses are performed after the use of vasoconstrictor( as prescribed by a doctor!).
- In acute rhinitis and sinusitis, rinses are often performed - up to 7 times a day.
- 1.5-2 ml of solution is used for each nostril.
- After rinsing, carefully flush liquid and mucus from each nostril alternately.
On how to properly wash the nose of a child, read more in another our article.
What nasal drops and other medications can be used for different diagnoses?
- With ARVI. Antiviral drugs inside and nasal antiviral drops( "Nasoferon", "Genferon", "Grippferon") can be prescribed. The homeopathic drops based on tuya oil, "Cinnabsin", "Delufen" are well treated with a viral cold."Euphorbium Compositum" in drops are boldly prescribed to infants. Of all the homeopathic medicines used in ENT practice, the drug "Euforbium Compositum" is the most positive feedback.
- With sinusitis. Genyantritis( inflammation of the maxillary sinuses), etmoiditis( inflammation of the trellis labyrinth), frontal( inflammation of the frontal sinuses) - types of sinusitis. They can occur in an acute form( with temperature and general intoxication) and chronic. The disease is treated for a long time, requires certain rules and efforts from the parents. A child diagnosed with sinusitis is under the supervision of an otolaryngologist and is receiving outpatient treatment. Between a puncture and a washing by a method "cuckoo", as a rule, the doctor chooses the second. The course of nasal lavage lasts at least 10 days. Most often, sinusitis is treated with antibiotics, because the inflammation of the paranasal sinuses occurs with the growth of pathogenic bacteria. Also prescribed antihistamines;Injections of calcium gluconate;Burying in the nose with a solution of "Protargol"( a modern analogue for the children "Sialor");Pawning an ointment, specially prepared in a pharmacy.
- With adenoiditis. No rinsing with this diagnosis can not be avoided. Yellow excretions after nasal washings decrease or disappear, but may appear again later. In addition, homeopathic remedies are prescribed( often Lymphomyosot), nasal drops that disinfect and dry the mucous membranes( Protargol, Sialor), anti-inflammatory, anti-allergenic agents( Nazonex, Avamis).The use of antibiotics for inflammation of adenoids is a controversial issue. It is necessary to establish precisely the cause of adenoiditis and only then to prescribe antibacterial therapy. If you use it uncontrollably, it leads to an even greater increase in adenoids.
Read more about drops from the common cold for children in another our article.
Treatment of yellow snot folk remedies abounds in a variety of recipes. What is important to remember when resorting to popular methods?
- Remember about age-related contraindications: with children up to a year, do not carry out any "experiments".
- Do not apply recipes with onions and garlic, which juice is recommended to instill in the nose.
- At a temperature and a purulent runny nose do not do steam inhalations, do not soar your legs, do not put mustard plasters.
- Be careful to use recipes with bee products, juice of medicinal plants, because they can be an acute allergic reaction.
What folk remedies are most effective with yellow snot?
- Aloe juice. The aloe flower( agave) refers to light antibiotics of natural origin. Therefore, aloe juice helps not only in viral, but also in bacterial rhinitis, purulent sinusitis.
- Propolis. Well helps with purulent inflammation. Applied aqueous solutions, oil emulsions. Propolis accelerates the healing process of tissues, strengthens local immunity.
- Calendula flowers. Weak solutions are used for washing. Infusions of calendula can be used for steam inhalations. Especially calendula is recommended for sinusitis of different types.
- Means based on eucalyptus. Eucalyptus is widely used in otolaryngology, it is made of oil, infusions, decoctions. It is less likely to be an allergy, it has a powerful bactericidal effect, stimulates the work of ciliated epithelium on mucous membranes. Eucalyptus oil can be dripped not only in the nostrils, but also applied to the diaper, leaving it for the night next to the pillow.
Read more about the treatment of the common cold in children with folk remedies in another of our articles.
Thick yellow snot in a child can say that the pathogenic cells are safely defeated by leukocytes, easier to say, about the stage of recovery. The child's complaints about headache, fatigue, difficult nasal breathing, the duration of the common cold for more than two weeks, and the fetid smell of yellow snot should be careful. With these symptoms, you need to contact an otolaryngologist.