Preparing the territory of
It is possible and necessary to bathe the child from the first days after discharge from the hospital. But in practice, many parents spend this hygienic procedure on the second day.
And this is justified: firstly, before the departure of the ward to all newborns, medical personnel conducts hygienic treatment according to all the rules, and secondly, parents and a tiny little man and so a crazy day: gatherings, undressing-dressing, first moving to life forKid, active photosession with all relatives, etc.
It is necessary to rest and calm down, the baby can adapt to a new place of residence, and parents can unpack things and plan for a few days ahead.
From the second day of the , water procedures must become a daily evening ritual for the newborn and parents.
In the old days for the first bath w
Someone follows this ancient Russian tradition and in the 21st century, for me, the arrival in the house of a stranger in old age, to whom I must entrust my treasure, is unacceptable.
But from the feasible help of people close to me - my mother's mother-in-law and strong hands, I did not refuse.
Initially, it is worth choosing a place for bathing a baby. As practice shows, the first bathing of a newborn in the conditions of our apartments takes place in the kitchen, occasionally in the bathroom or other premises.
It is necessary in advance to to ensure that all windows in the house are closed to avoid drafts .The temperature of the air in the room where the bathing will take place must not be below + 21 ° C( preferably 24-26 ° C).
Therefore, if a child was born in the off-season, and the houses still do not include central heating, then you have to use a heater. In the summer you can not zealous.
Bath and additional accessories for it
It is indisputable that a special baby bath is convenient for bathing a baby of the first months of life. In the modern market of children's goods they are presented a huge range.
Plastic baths are as simple, without frills, and equipped with a thermometer for water, a drain, convenient depressions for a sponge, soap. It can also be sold a special stand, on which you can install a bath.
Additional confidence to parents gives a slide of soft material, which is convenient to arrange the baby.
A small bathtub, unlike a bathtub, is very convenient: it is not dangerous to bathe in a crumb and it is easy to clean before use.
Warning! Before each bathing of the baby, before filling the tub with water, it should be thoroughly washed. Baking soda is the best disinfectant.
It needs to be poured on a loofah and wipe the middle and edges of the bath. Then it is important to wash everything off with hot water several times.
In addition to the bathtub, you will still need:
- water thermometer, if it is not built in the bath,
- small rinse-water jug,
- baby foam for bathing from the first days of life,
- small piece of gauze folded in 2-3 layers or soft 100% cottonThe mitten.
Do you want to diversify the grown-up kid's menu? We offer useful and delicious recipes for children from 18 months.
On our pages you can also find recipes for young children.
If you are eagerly waiting for the first steps of your baby, it is not superfluous to read some of the recommendations.
What should parents know about Staphylococcus aureus? Read our review and you will find out what it is dangerous for the health of the child and how to avoid it.
It is also necessary to prepare the so-called changing space in advance.Suitable
usual table, which is covered with a blanket on top of the diaper and a large towel or bed sheet( it wipe "the young bather"), oilcloth( first time to not wet the towel) and a diaper for swimming.
also on the changing table must wait until the following things:
- clean, the pressed on both sides of the steam clothing from 100% cotton( vest, sliders, socks and cap),
- cotton buds with stop,
- means for processing umbilical wound( hydrogen peroxide solution, 5% potassium permanganate solution or 2% brilliant green solution( zelenki),
- baby cosmetics( cream under diaper without zinc, lotion / cream / oil or powder),
- brush hair( if the baby already "shag). "
Magantsovka and broths
herbs For the first bathing the newborn necessary for disinfection should be used and decoctions of herbs, and potassium permanganate. This is necessary because not yet healed umbilical wound. Potassium permanganate( KMnO4) previously enjoyed great popularity.
Caution When using potassium permanganate in the tubshould be ready to pour a solution of gently pink color, but in no case do not rub crystals that are "nedorastvorennom" form in contact with the skin of the newborn causes burns.
Decoctions can also be made from chamomile, string or marigold.
When bathing your child, I proceed as follows: adding potassium permanganate solution in the tub and rinse after bathing crumbs herbal decoction.
Water temperature and its quality
For the first bathing of a newborn, it is not superfluous to boil water, letting it cool. Boiled water pediatricians are recommended to use until the end of the healing process of the umbilical wound.
If, as the baby grows up, there is no confidence in the quality of tap water, then a stationary deep filter must be installed.
Optimum bathing temperature + 37 ° C .More hot water can lead to overheating of the newborn, and in cooler water it will simply freeze. As a result, the child begins to be capricious, and from a pleasant procedure, bathing will become a real problem.
Cream, butter, milk or powder
Most of all, I like baby milk, especially for winter use. It is tender and absorbed quickly.
But oil is not always easy to absorb and rarely cope with diaper rash.
Powder becomes an ideal option for skin care after bathing in hot summer. Its dignity is that it removes excess moisture, but the drawbacks are that the powder, if not enough to get wet with a towel, gets wet and rolls, which can lead to additional irritation in the children.
The most optimal remedy for all the years is cream, especially as the modern choice of baby creams is great and varied.
Bathing rules for a newborn
- The bathing procedure requires a quiet environment, so as not to frighten the baby.
- In order for bathing to bring joy to the newborn and parents, you need to bathe it when it does not want to eat or sleep. I had this time at 20:00.
- After feeding, it should take 1,5-2 hours. Otherwise, water manipulation can lead to profuse regurgitation.
- Newborn babies can be bathed no more than 5 minutes, after a 3-month-old age, the "swim" can be increased to 10-12 minutes.
- The face should be washed separately, with clean boiled water.
Pour a small amount of boiled water in the tub. We add manganese and stir it thoroughly.
Before bathing remove from the baby's diaper and wash it, especially carefully if he had a chair.
Then we spread the baby naked on the stomach on the table( this will become a kind of hardening and stimulation of the intestine).
Determine the water temperature. In addition, we lower our own elbow, since the skin on it is the most sensitive. If we do not feel anything( neither cold nor hot) - this means that the water temperature is normal.
How to keep the baby?
undress the baby and gently lower it into the water: neck baby should be on your left wrist( assuming that you are right-handed), while your brush retains the child for the further on you shoulder. The other hand you will wash the baby. We gently water the baby with water.
Apply a small amount of foam-shampoo to your hand or gauze / loofah, foaming and proceeding to wash.
My newborn is consistently: neck, chest, stomach, arms and legs, back and at the very end - the head.
Wash thoroughly the folds on the neck, underarms, folds in the groin, elbows and knee folds. Do not forget to open and wash the clenched fists.
In the so-called hygiene for children distinguish "complex zones". To prevent these areas from becoming problematic, they should be known and inspected after each bath:
- behind the ears,
- neck cuffs( rear and front),
- inguinal folds,
- Under the knees.
Wash the crotch
To avoid getting infections, babies should be washed from front to back.
The boys are gently washed by the penis without moving the foreskin, the scrotum and only then the area around the anus.
Girls gently wash all the folds between the labia.
We wash the head
It is advisable to do this every day, as it usually sweats in small children.
We toss the kid's head back, holding it with the palm of his hand. Water the hair with water from the face to the nape, apply and foam a little penki-shampoo. Massage the scalp, and then gently wash off the foam with washing movements from face to neck.
We rinse the baby clean water with herbs dissolved in her herbs from a prepared pitcher. The water here should be 1-2 ° C cooler than the water in the tub.
We wrap the child in a towel and put it on the "changing seat" on the towel.
We first dip the head of the crumbs, and then the corpuscle. All skin folds should be carefully dried. Wipe the child in any case impossible.
Handle umbilical wound
Usually umbilical wound epithelialized to 18-20-th day of newborn life.
In the meantime, this does not happen, it needs to be carefully processed daily, since the navel can become an input gateway for infections.
We process all wrinkles on the baby's body with baby milk or a moisturizer.
We process the inguinal folds and the diaper area with a baby cream for a diaper.
Put on a diaper and dress the newborn. It is important not to forget about the hat.
flow chart for processing the umbilical wound
- after bathing navel lightly blotted with a towel,
- then gently parted upper and lower edges of the umbilical wound gently removed the formed crust with a cotton swab, abundantly soaked in 3% hydrogen peroxide solution,
- other cotton swab, Moistened in a 1% solution of diamond green or 5% solution of potassium permanganate, the umbilical region is treated.
We clean the ears, nose and nails trimmed
Besides bathing the newborn should be conducted toilet nose, eyes, ears and trimming nails.
Ears cleaned as needed.
For this, cotton swabs with a stopper are required. They are wetted in baby oil, and sulfur is removed with their help.
They do not need to try to shove away, as the sulfur of the smallest ones is usually located almost outside the ear canal.
Nails are cut as they grow. Approximately 1 time in 4-5 days using scissors with round ends( they must first be treated with hydrogen peroxide or alcohol).
My personal experience: it's best to manipulate the nails to trim when the baby is full and asleep.
I almost forgot one important point: often on the scalp of the baby's eyes appear crusts. In no event should they be removed immediately, otherwise there is a risk of skin injury.
Generally, it is enough to wet the place with baby oil crusts and just clean up the crusts with a scallop.
After the bathing and dressing procedure is completed, it's time to feed the newborn. The best food, of course, is Mom's milk. Usually, after applying to the breast, a clean and beautiful baby is immersed in the kingdom of Morpheus.
Well, that's all! And you were afraid. ..
And finally, we offer useful video advice for young parents, how to choose the right bath for bathing a baby.