One, two, three, four, five. .. guilty, I'm going to look for
"Sleeping like a baby," we say, when our child sleeps late at night and sleeps sweetly, and we admire him from the side. However, the irony is that not all the kids are ready to go to bed and "sleep like babies" in the evening. All parents perfectly understand that is one of the most important components of harmonious growth and development of crumbs - a full-fledged dream. Who's arguing? !
It is in a dream strengthens the immune system and accumulates energy. The physical and informative load on a small growing up organism is very high, so he needs a quality short sleep during the day( depending on the age, maybe more than once) and a long sleep at night.
often become the perpetrators of violation of the child's sleep mo
The reasons that the child confused the day with the night, and the parents are faced with a problem, what to do, a great many. This can also be objective factors, when, for example, the baby fell ill, and the peak of the disease occurred at night.
In the morning, when the child felt better, he began to make up for a night's sleep with interest. And as a result: he is full of energy by the next evening, and it is unlikely that he will be able to put him to bed at the right time. But most often the "culprits" can be found among the closest people.
Parents, you yourself often cause such a biological rhythm in your kids.
- Did you not create a daily routine for the child?
- Did you not invite guests too late?
- Do not you watch TV until late at night or work at a computer in the same room as the child sleeps?
- Did you arrange late evening active games with a child?
- Did you feed your child with sweets closer to night's sleep?
And then on the eve of going to bed, parents are faced with the most important "do not want" of all time and people - "I do not want to sleep."
If the child has already crossed the one and a half year line, then just what cunning is not ready to go to the beloved child, what are the only reasons why he does not lead, just to delay the moment of putting him to bed.
And when Mom finally manages to put the baby in bed with all the truths and crooks, it often happens with horror that it is only the beginning."Tell a fairy tale"( and then another, and more. ..), "Sit with me", "Bring me a mice / rabbit / dog", "I want to write / eat / drink," "I'm afraid". .. The list is endless. To the kid it is completely indifferent, that it is time to have a rest. As a result: the child later fell asleep and from the next day began to confuse the day with the night.
Why do not the smallest sleep?
In order to understand what caused the sleep disorder and the reason that the child confused the day with the night, one should be guided by the child's age.
In infants up to six months of , this can happen because of the syndrome of increased nervous reflex excitability, which is a consequence of hypoxia. In this case, there is abundant regurgitation in the crumbs.
If there are such symptoms, then it is necessary to consult with a neurologist, and while a large fontanel is open, make a neurosonogram.
After 6 months of , such problems go to the background, giving way to regime and psycho-emotional moments. Often the baby can not fall asleep in the evening because less than 4 hours have passed since the last awakening.
The correct sleep mode
Let's remember the axiom: the younger the child, the more his need for sleep is .To put the child to sleep in the evening is necessary not later than 22:00.
After a year and a half, the baby should be put under the regime of a kindergarten: to lay in the period from 12:00 to 15:00 in the afternoon and at 21:00 at night.
Duration of sleep depending on age
Daytime sleep, h
Night sleep, h
Total sleep duration per day, h
|1,5-3 months||At 1.5-2 h, 4 times a day||11||17-18|
|3-6 months||1,5-2 hours, 3-4 times a day||10-11||16,5-17|
|6-10 months||1,5-2 hours, 3 times a day||10-11||15,5-16,5|
|1-1,5 years||For 1,5-2 hours, 2 times a day||10-11|| |
13-14, breaks should be at least 4-5 hours.
|1,5-2 years||2,5-3 hours, once a day||10-11||12,5-13|
|2-3 years||Approximately 2 hours, once a day||10-11||12|
|3-7 years||About 2 hours, once a day||10-11||11-12|
|After 7 years||You can not sleep during the day||9||At least 9 hours|
Important! Any tables are averages.
And mothers should remember that the criterion with which they should be considered is the well-being of their children. Healthy, normal and timely developing babies themselves know what their need for sleep is. In this issue, neurologists recommend that parents pay attention to the baby during the waking period. If after a dream the child feels well, is active, plays, means, he has slept.
Calm babies tend to sleep more than active and excitable.
Recommendations for the placement of
Mothers who have confused the child with a night with a night need to put the baby on time in a timely manner, guided by the following recommendations.
Creating favorable conditions for sleeping a child
- Be sure to ventilate before bedtime room in which the child sleeps. The optimum temperature for comfortable sleep is 20-22 ° C.
- Get rid of carpets, large soft toys and bedspreads that collect dust and, accordingly, are capable of causing allergic reactions. And no feather pillows!
- To sleep, the baby needs a personal place. No big sofas / beds "to grow"!They can not be grouped together in crumbs. A small cot will fit in which the baby will easily take an embryonic posture.
- Within a radius of 2 meters from the bed is not recommended to place electromagnetic devices and sockets. Sometimes the crumb does not allow the sound from the work of the TV or computer to fall asleep.
- The crib is not allowed to play. A child with her should have associations associated only with sleep.
Follow the calming ritual
In order not to violate the established biological rhythm, should try not to overexcite the children :
- after 19:00 not to play active games, do not watch TV,
- do not give the nervous system nervous smoked sausages, pickled products, chocolate, coca-coloured.
All active activities should be planned for the first half of the day if possible.
In the morning and before lunch, let there be developmental activities, trips to the circus, guests.
And in the second half of the day you should prefer walks in the parks( ride on attractions is excluded!), Drawing, calm games( collecting designer, puzzles, etc.).
Half an hour before the due time, let the crumb understand that it's time to go to sleep. If the child is pulled back with an unexpected replica of the "time to sleep," the baby will necessarily start to be capricious and resist.
Spend the evening bathing in a warm bath with a decoction of chamomile, which has a soothing effect.
Fairy tales, music, lullabies
Mom's voice is ideal for appeasement non-observance. An alternative to the lullaby is the tender music of Mozart, Haydn."Little Night Serenade", the second parts of sonatas and piano concertos.
On some crumbs truly magical effect for going to sleep at the right time are recordings of the noise of the surf and the voices of dolphins. Instead of a musical accompaniment, a fairy-tale massage can be performed. It is necessary to tell the child at a slow pace a fairy tale and accompany her with a gentle, soothing massage. It is best to stroke the bridge of the nose.
Connect yourself to the ritual of going to bed, even if many things are still planned. Children are sometimes afraid to miss something important and interesting, because they see that the activities of adults in full swing, and therefore do not go to sleep. It should be pretended that the "adult life" also froze. It will be very good to lie down next to the baby, closing your eyes.
Is it worth while to rock?
Many parents, faced with the fact that the child confused the day with the night and do not know what to do, are interested in the whether in such cases it is necessary to rock the crumb to restore the mode.
Up to six months you can use this method, because there is a close biological connection between the child and the mother during this period.
The kid hears the mother's heartbeat, feels her scent and calms down, and, therefore, will soon fall asleep.
But after a year of motion sickness should be discarded, as this will lead to the habit of sleeping only under such conditions.
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Even superstars can face this situation.
Then, in their opinion, it is necessary to adhere to the scheme of the correct sleep regimen described above, and is additionally gentle to wake up crumbs every day for 30 minutes before the due time. In such cases, the crumb will want to go to the crib to the next sleep for the same 30 minutes before.
For 3-7 days( depending on the "severity" of confusion of the day with the night), the baby will return to the normal routine of the day.
If it's easy for an excitable kid to read fairy tales for the night with an exciting storyline, then it's unlikely that he will plunge into the kingdom of Morpheus in time. Therefore, choosing tales should be soothing.
Relaxation tales will help to soothe worried and overexcited crumbs, adjust to sleep. Psychologists are advised to tell them without hurrying, singing, gently stroking the crumbs. For proper entourage, it is important to slightly dim the light in the room. Such tales are easy to think up by yourself.
The Tale of the Butterfly
The warm sun shone. It warmed flowers, grass and a small butterfly.
The butterfly slowly circled, circled and circled above the flower. Light wings fluttered up and down, up and down.
When the butterfly was tired, she wanted to sleep, sleep, sleep. She sank sleepily onto a large, soft flower.
She asked: "Can I sleep in your petals?".
The flower slowly swayed and replied: "You can, you can, you can."
The butterfly lowered its tired wings to the petals, relaxed the paws, the antennae, and closed the eyes. A hospitable flower began melodiously singing her song: "Sleep, sleep, sleep."
Also green grass wished the butterfly to sleep well, sleep, sleep.
"Sleep, sleep, sleep" - the warm sun recited to her.
"As I am well, good," thought the butterfly and fell asleep sweetly.
We wish your crumbs soon to return to the correct regime of the day and calmly and serenely to sleep at night.
A few more tips from the children's doctor how to turn this "inverted" mode back so that everything falls into place.