Contents of the article
- 1 Description of the preparation
- 1.1 Active substance
- 1.2 In what forms is the
- 1.3 indicated General indications
- 2 Indications for the prescription of Actovegin for pregnancy in tablets, droppers and injections
- 2.1 Phytoplacental insufficiency
- 2.2 Dried water
- 2.3 conflict for Rh blood group and
- 2.4 Hereditary thrombophilia
- 3 External application means
- 3.1 lesions of the cornea and scleral eye
- 4 incidentalgemoderivat effects and contraindications
«Aktovegin" in medical practice commonly used in trophic ulcers, wounds, diseases of blood vessels and brain. But why is the drug "Actovegin" prescribed for pregnancy?
Description of the drug
"Actovegin" is a drug that improves metabolic processes that occur in the body with the participation of oxygen and glucose. It increases the resistance of cells to oxygen starvatio
The active substance of the drug is the deproteinized hemoderate of the blood of the one-year-old calves. This is an extract obtained after cleansing the calves' blood from high molecular weight protein compounds. In its composition there are low-molecular peptides, amino acids, enzymes-antioxidants, electrolytes, microelements.
All these substances play a big role in the metabolism at the cell level:
- increase their energy reserves;
- accelerate the supply of oxygen;
- improve the absorption of nutrients.
In what forms is the agent
This medicine is used in tablets, injections, droppers, and also as an ointment and gel. It is produced not only in different forms, but also in different dosages. Table
- Dosage Forms "Actovegin»
|Formulation||amount of active substance|
|tablets and dragees|| - 2 ml( 80mg); |
- 5 ml( 200 mg);
- 10 ml( 400 mg)
|solution for intravenous administration||- 200 mg per tablet|
|Ampoules|| - 10% solution in vials of 250 ml; |
- 20% of the content substances in bottles of 250 ml
|gel||- 20% in a tube of 20 g|
|Cream||- 5% in a tube of 20 g|
|Ointment||- 5% in a tube of 20 g|
|eye gel||-20% in a tube of 5 g|
pregnant women "Aktovegin" can be used in those cases where it is prescribed and is a period of gestation. Usually calf blood extract is used for:
- treatment of circulatory disorders;
- increased vascular tone;
- supply of organs and tissues;
- treatment of venous diseases;
- treatment of ulcers, burns;
- therapy for eye damage.
Indications for "Actovegin" pregnancy tablets, droppers and injections
All of the above cases can occur in women who are pregnant. But when the child is pregnant, specific conditions arise that require the appointment of Actovegin.
"Actovegin" during pregnancy is most often prescribed for circulatory disorders in the placenta. Such conditions include phytoplacental insufficiency.
Pathology in the early stages is associated with impaired placental formation, which can occur due to hormonal failures, the use of poor-quality food, the entry of harmful substances into the body.
"Actovegin" in tablets or injections is prescribed with the following forms of placental insufficiency.
- With acute .It occurs with low placentation, that is, when the placenta is low in the uterus and there is a threat of its detachment.
- With chronic .When the circulatory disturbances in the placenta increase gradually, and if at first the body copes with the changes, then the longer there are changes, the higher the probability of complications for the fetus.
Malnutrition can occur due to a number of reasons, it can be:
- infection during pregnancy;
- metabolic disorders;
- physical illnesses of the woman;
- fetal development abnormalities;
- is a multiple pregnancy.
Conflict in blood group and Rhesus
During pregnancy, the exposure of Rh-positive or disparate fetal red blood cells to the bloodstream of a mother with negative rhesus causes the production of antibodies. In this case, swelling of the placenta and squeezing of the vessels, which are dangerous for the child, can occur.
In such cases, as well as with severe concomitant diseases such as diabetes, heart defects, rheumatism, the doctor prescribes Actovegin, according to the recommendations prescribed in the instructions for the use of intravenous medication.
"Actovegin" during pregnancy in this case is administered intravenously: struino and drip.
- Inkjet. You can enter no more than 5 ml, slowly.
- Drip .Use a ready-made solution in a 250 ml vial, which is injected at a rate of 2-3 ml per minute.
"Actovegin" with intravenous administration is prescribed once a day daily or several times a week. The duration of the course is determined by the attending physician.
If intravenous administration of the drug is not possible, the treatment is administered intramuscularly, 5 ml once a day or every other day. After intramuscular injection of the drug at the site of the injection, edema or hematoma may appear. In addition, the injection is very painful.
Hereditary thrombophilia occurs when the altered gene is genetically transmitted, which leads to a clotting disorder, and thrombi in the vessels are formed. In pregnant women, this disease can lead to miscarriage, complications after childbirth, the formation of blood clots in the vessels of the placenta, which threatens the child's oxygen starvation.
With genetic thrombinfilia, "Actovegin" and "Curantil"( improves blood circulation) are prescribed by the courses even at the stage of pregnancy planning, as well as throughout its length. In tableted form, the extract is also used if the pregnant woman often suffers from a cold. Gemaderivat calf blood is taken, given the following rules:
- one to two dragees per reception;
- no more than three times a day;
- for thirty minutes before eating;
- with a small amount of water;
- pills do not need to be chewed.
The course of treatment can last several weeks.
External application of
In case of diabetes mellitus, a complication in pregnant women is a trophic ulcer. This skin disease, which heals for a long time, can become inflamed and brings great discomfort during pregnancy.
In this case, as well as with other skin lesions, burns, wounds, the extract is prescribed in the form of ointment, gel and cream. If this is a minor injury, an ointment or cream is used, they are applied a thin layer on the damaged area once a day.
If this is a serious skin lesion, apply a compress using a gel. The gel is applied with a large layer on the bandage, which is fixed with a bandage on the ulcer. Change the bandage several times a day. The duration of treatment depends on the diagnosis and the speed of healing.
Damage to the cornea and sclera of the eye
If the woman in the situation has discomfort after wearing the lenses and the doctor determines the "wear" of the cornea, or there are destructive processes in the sclera, "Actovegin" is prescribed to improve the nutrition of the eye tissues.
In this case, the drug is applied in the form of an eye gel. In this case, the gel is squeezed out of the tube and one drop is placed behind the eyelid two or three times a day.
Side effects of hemoderovate and contraindications
"Actovegin" does not affect the fetus negatively, contraindications to its use are associated with an allergic reaction to the substances in its composition. And also it is contraindicated in cases of severe heart and kidney disease of a woman who is pregnant. But even if the pregnant woman tolerates the treatment well, when the extract is used for a long time, it is necessary to control the biochemical composition of the blood and periodically take the urine test.
It is necessary to know that "Actovegin" can induce individual reactions in the form of:
- gastric pain;
- frequent heartbeat,
- feelings of suffocation.
With proper reception, "Actovegin" for pregnant women is successfully used in the treatment of various complications and concomitant diseases, and its use under medical supervision is fully justified.