Contents of the article
- 1 What is the use of folacin
- 1.1 Where to find natural vitamin Sun
- 2 Folic acid deficiency during pregnancy and how to compensate it
- 2.1 When and how much folacin is consumed
- 3 Can Vs be too much
- 4 When folic acid harms
Folic acid is a vitamin of group B. It is also called vitamin B9, vitamin B, folacin, pteroylglutamic acid. In the 30s of the last century, this acid was isolated by scientists from yeast. And in the 40's it was artificially synthesized. Pteroylglutamic acid was first used to treat anemia in pregnant women, and later, its other useful properties were also studied.
What is the use of folacin
Folic acid deficiency in mothers' nutrition can cause abnormalities in the development of the baby. For example, it can be born with a brain underdevelopment. There are also abnormalities of the spine of varying severity.
Folic acid is necessary for the fet
- prevents heart disease;
- is involved in the formation of DNA;
- does not allow the development of some types of anemia.
Where to find natural vitamin Sun
Folacin woman can receive along with such food:
- leaves of greens;
- all products of animal origin.
But in products pteroylglutamic acid is rapidly destroyed by sunlight and at temperatures above 20 ° C.In addition, there is very little in the products of this acid, so its synthesized drug is much more effective.
Vitamin V is also produced in the human body. It is produced by the intestinal microflora. However, any negative factor, for example, an intense rhythm of life or chronic diseases, sharply reduces its production. Pteroylglutamic acid does not accumulate in the body. It is more quickly consumed during pregnancy, with fatigue, lack of sleep and exacerbation of chronic diseases.
Folate deficiency during pregnancy and how to compensate for it
What is folic acid used for in pregnancy? First of all, folacin is used in cases of its insufficiency in the body. Vitamin B deficiency manifests itself as:
- decline of strength;
- declining desire to eat;
- mood instability;
- brittle nails and hair.
In women planning pregnancy, folacin affects the effectiveness of attempts to become pregnant and forms the foundation for bearing a healthy child. Therefore, vitamin V is prescribed at the planning stage of the child, when the woman is just about to become pregnant, and the couple is actively preparing for it.
Studies prove that if you drink folic acid several months before a woman becomes pregnant, and three months after fertilization, this will avoid defects in the development of the fetus.
When and how much folacin is consumed
The World Health Organization, based on the results of multicenter studies, has developed recommendations on how to drink folic acid during pregnancy. According to international statistics, 400 μg of pteroylglutamic acid per day should be used to prevent neural tube defects in the fetus. And women who already had a child with some changes in the nervous system should take even larger doses of this vitamin.
So, we will summarize the recommendations.
A few months before conception. And also in the first months of pregnancy an increased dose of vitamin B is prescribed - at least 800 μg( 0.8 mg) in 24 hours.
Since the second trimester of pregnancy. The amount of vitamin depends on the general condition of the woman and the features of the course of pregnancy. The range of prescriptions can range from 400 μg to 5 mg in 24 hours.
Individual dosage of folic acid in pregnancy is determined by a gynecologist. The doctor will be able to answer the question of how much it is necessary to drink folic acid during pregnancy and to what month it should be taken only taking into account the anamnesis and peculiarities of the way of life of a woman in the situation. In addition, the purpose of the vitamin may be the goal of both prevention and treatment. For example, a dose of 5 mg is prescribed by a doctor with a serious folacin deficiency. The course of treatment in this case lasts three to four weeks.
Already on the basis of appointments it will be possible to calculate how many tablets per day for 1 mg should be consumed in each case. Individual dose of a vitamin is desirable to drink at the same time of the day. You can before and after eating. The tablet does not need to be chewed. Wash down with a small amount of water. For better assimilation, acid is consumed together with B12 and ascorbic.
Can there be too much
There is almost no overdose of folic acid during pregnancy, vitamin V is not harmful. If the vitamin is not consumed in a day, the surplus is quickly removed from the body. However, the daily limit of consumption of this acid is 5 mg. Calculation of the number of tablets is based on the fact that the dosage of a vitamin in one tablet is 1 mg. Thus, the highest daily dose is 5 tablets.
Overestimation of this border leads to such side effects as:
- intestinal dysfunction;
- changes in kidney function;
- increased excitability.
When folic acid harms
According to the instructions for use, folacin is contraindicated in cases where a woman has an individual drug intolerance. Also contraindications are such background diseases as:
- bronchial asthma;
- kidney disease;
- anemia due to lack of B12.
Now it becomes clear why folic acid during pregnancy along with all the recommendations is necessarily prescribed by gynecologists. All 9 months of pregnancy, folic acid is necessary, because at this time the psychological and physiological health of the baby is laid.