- 1 How dangerous nicotine
- 1.1 path into breast milk
- 1.2 especially the effect on the child's body
- 1.3 No smoking quit
- 2 Possible alternatives
- 2.1 Electronic cigarettes
- 2.2 nicotine gum
- 2.3 Transdermal patches
- 3 Rules "safe»Smoking
Nicotine is the only substance that can provoke a withdrawal syndrome in a baby. It develops if a woman smoked during pregnancy, and after childbirth decided to abandon a bad habit. There is a syndrome of excessive nervousness of the baby, his irritability, frequent crying. Continue this state may be up to a month. But, according to doctors, this is the least evil that can bring nicotine to an infant. And if my mother found the strength to part with him, the body of the crumbs will quickly recover. And if not?
Than nicotine is dangerous
During breastfeeding, women almost never start smoking. A harmful habit is prese
Other deviations in the development of children are associated with the consequences of smoking.
- Autism .The risk of the disease, which violates the emotional and psychological ties of the child with the outside world, increases by 40% if a woman smoked in the early period of pregnancy.
- Congenital clubfoot .The risk of this disease increases for the baby by 34%.
- Diabetes and obesity .The likelihood of metabolic diseases and related consequences increases by 30%.
- Asthma .Smoking of a pregnant woman by 20% increases the likelihood of developing this disease in a child.
Minimizing the consequences of a dangerous habit during pregnancy allows only complete rejection of it. And if you can not quit? What are the consequences of smoking during breastfeeding? Consider the features of the effect of nicotine on the newborn.
Path to breast milk
After a smoked cigarette, the poison enters the mother's blood very quickly - within 1-2 minutes. After 15 minutes it penetrates into breast milk. The volume of nicotine in it is about 10%, which is associated with the view that such a small amount can not cause significant harm to the crumb.
Features of the effects on the child's body
Smoking during breastfeeding causes reactions from the infant's body.
- Worry .In 1989, American pediatricians Rivroud and Matherson conducted a study on the effects of nicotine on the psycho-emotional state of infants. In the course of it it was found out that 40% of children of smokers were suffering from colic, while among non-smokers the number did not exceed 20%.This condition was accompanied by excessive crying of children for 2-3 hours. There was also an increase in the number of colic in children whose parents smoked at home.
- Nausea, vomiting of .Confirmed the probability of poisoning a child with concomitant symptoms when the mother smokes more than 20 cigarettes a day. This condition requires immediate medical attention.
- Underweight .Studies have confirmed the relationship between underweight and infant with maternal smoking. There are several reasons for this. First, the child often spits up, receiving a smaller amount of food. Secondly, smoking a nursing mother reduces the intensity of producing breast milk. In 1992, American pediatrician Hopkins published data that within two weeks after birth, lactation was reduced from 514 to 406 milliliters per day. In the future, the level of the hormone prolactin, stimulating lactation, is reduced even more. This leads to an early termination of breastfeeding and a chronic underweight of the baby.
- Shortage of important substances by the child .The amount of vitamins and minerals in the infant's first food is reduced. This is due to a violation of their assimilation by the body of a smoking woman.
- Exposure to respiratory diseases .Confirmed by the study of American doctors Collie and Corchill in 1974.It tracked the state of 2205 children. The direct connection of mother's smoking with the frequency of diseases of the respiratory system has been proved. Children more often suffered from pneumonia, bronchitis. Another sensational discovery was made - smoking during lactation is the main cause of the syndrome of sudden infant mortality. And in the risk group there are those kids who are fed with the mixtures, but one or both parents are smoking.
You can not quit smoking
Where to put a comma in this phrase, each mom has to decide on her own, assessing the risks and dangers for the child. Often the desire not to leave a harmful, but such a strong affection, leads to the decision to stop breastfeeding. According to women, this allows to eliminate all risks for the baby. And this is the deepest delusion.
Breastfeeding and smoking are less dangerous for a child than smoking and breastfeeding, warns American doctor Jack Newman. It is known that infants who are on artificial feeding are more susceptible to acute respiratory infections in the first year of life than crumbs on natural nutrition. The presence of smokers in the home, and especially the smoking of the mother, increases this risk many times. Dr. Newman advises you to keep breastfeeding as long as possible, if you do not get rid of cigarettes.
Possible alternatives to
According to experts on breastfeeding, the best way to exclude the harmful effects of nicotine on the baby will be a complete rejection of the bad habit. But the code of attachment is strong, women switch to "light", in their opinion, substitutes: electronic cigarettes, chewing gums, plasters. Their effect on the body has its own characteristics.
A miniature device with a replaceable cartridge contains flavors and purified nicotine. Using it creates additional risk factors. During smoking, a woman does not experience the usual "severity" of tightening, it seems to her that she smoked a little or received less nicotine. Dissatisfaction makes her take the cigarette again.
This situation is extremely dangerous, since the amount of toxic agent in the electronic "simulator" often exceeds that of a conventional cigarette. And the nursing mother receives a powerful "nicotine blow", the consequences of which will be felt by the child. Does not allow the possibility of using electronic cigarettes during lactation and the World Health Organization. And in the Russian Research Institute of Pulmonology, a study was conducted that confirmed the greater harm to the health of women and children from the use of electronic cigarettes instead of the usual ones.
Nicotine chewing gums
Features of their effects on the body of women and children were studied by American pediatrician Thomas Hale. In 1999, he published the results of his observations in the book "Medicinal Preparations and Mother's Milk."According to Dr. Hale, when using nicotine gum, the level of nicotine in breast milk decreases from 44 to 17 nanograms of substance per milliliter of serum. This can be considered a positive fact with one caveat - if a woman uses chewing gum "according to the rules."Frequent or overly active use of them causes a sharp jump in matter in the blood and milk. The doctor recommends that women do not feed the children after using this alternative for 2-3 hours.
Are considered the safest alternative to cigarettes. They provide a reduced level of nicotine in the blood and a decrease in its volume in breast milk to 60%.The disadvantage is still the constant access of the poisonous substance, whereas the use of conventional cigarettes allows to minimize this level by simply refusing frequent smoking.
Rules for "safe" smoking
Can I breastfeed my mother? This question is answered by the experts of the international organization for breastfeeding La Leche League in the publication of the Book of Questions and Answers on Breastfeeding.
- The more a mother smokes, the greater the risk of dangerous consequences for the child .Critical rate - 20 cigarettes a day, can cause severe intoxication of the child's body.
- Limiting the number of cigarettes , the mother reduces the risk to health. Experts advise to reduce their number to 5 per day.
- Using substitutes can be as dangerous as smoking itself .Use them should be extremely cautious, not allowing a significant increase in the level of nicotine in the blood.
Also according to La Leche League experts, a child has the right to enjoy the benefits of breastfeeding, even if his mother smokes. For this it is important to observe 5 rules.
- Do not smoke at night .First, it suppresses the activity of the hormone prolactin, which stimulates the production of milk at night. Secondly, the kids sleep restlessly, they are haunted by nightmares.
- Do not smoke a lot .Try to reduce the number of cigarettes to a minimum. The maximum norm, according to pediatricians, should not exceed 5 cigarettes a day. But if you reduce this amount, you will protect the health of the child.
- Do not smoke where the baby is. .Passive smoking causes no less danger than the "active" during feeding. Avoid smoking in the apartment, do it on the street.
- Do not smoke before and during feeding .It is optimal that at least 3 hours have passed since the last cigarette was smoked.
- Try to throw .A group of Italian scientists conducted a study of how the refusal of cigarettes affects a woman's health. It is proved that within 9 months after parting with a bad habit, the body of a woman is younger for 13 years.
It is important to understand that breastfeeding and smoking is a personal, individual responsibility of a woman. For it there are no punishments in modern society, although the first attempts to introduce it are already observed in European countries. For example, in Estonia, recently adopted a bill providing for criminal liability for smokers pregnant, deliberately damaging the health of an unborn baby.
In our society there is only a moral responsibility. But understanding the risks and threats posed by the mother to the child, realizing the likelihood of serious illnesses and deviations in development will be the best motivating factor for parting with a bad habit than the criminal norms.